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Volume 4 Issue 2

Apr.  1987

Article Contents

THE ABNORMAL PERIODS OF CLIMATE IN CHINA OVER THE PAST 5000 YEARS AND THEIR CAUSES


doi: 10.1007/BF02677067

  • This paper points out that (1) there were 5 abnormal periods of climate in China over the last 1000 years, in which the frequency, the severity and the influenced area of such calamities as low temperature, drought and flood increased greatly; (2) there were 3 or 4 worse periods of climate over the past 5000 years which were more severe than the above-mentioned climate; (3) the momental effect of the geocentric synods of nine plan-ets is one of the important causes for the formation of the abnormal and worse periods of climate; and (4) from the 1960s to about 2000 A.D. China and the entire Northern Hemisphere would probably undergo another ab-normal period of climate.
  • [1] YUAN Weihua, YU Rucong, LI Jian, 2013: Changes in the Diurnal Cycles of Precipitation over Eastern China in the Past 40 Years, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 30, 461-467.  doi: 10.1007/s00376-012-2092-x
    [2] Quansheng GE, Haolong LIU, Xiang MA, Jingyun ZHENG, Zhixin HAO, 2017: Characteristics of Temperature Change in China over the Last 2000 years and Spatial Patterns of Dryness/Wetness during Cold and Warm Periods, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 34, 941-951.  doi: 10.1007/s00376-017-6238-8
    [3] LI Hongmei, ZHOU Tianjun, LI Chao, 2010: Decreasing Trend in Global Land Monsoon Precipitation over the Past 50 Years Simulated by a Coupled Climate Model, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 27, 285-292.  doi: 10.1007/s00376-009-8173-9
    [4] DING Yihui, REN Guoyu, ZHAO Zongci, XU Ying, LUO Yong, LI Qiaoping, ZHANG Jin, 2007: Detection, Causes and Projection of Climate Change over China: An Overview of Recent Progress, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 24, 954-971.  doi: 10.1007/s00376-007-0954-4
    [5] Fei WANG, Lifang SHENG, Xiadong AN, Haixia ZHOU, Yingying ZHANG, Xiaodong LI, Yigeng DING, Jing YANG, 2022: The Impact of an Abnormal Zonal Vertical Circulation in Autumn of Super El Niño Years on Non-tropical-cyclone Heavy Rainfall over Hainan Island, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 39, 1914-1924.  doi: 10.1007/s00376-022-1388-8
    [6] Yang LIU, Jingyun ZHENG, Zhixin HAO, Xuezhen ZHANG, 2017: Unprecedented Warming Revealed from Multi-proxy Reconstruction of Temperature in Southern China for the Past 160 Years, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 34, 977-982.  doi: 10.1007/s00376-017-6228-x
    [7] ZHENG Fei, ZHU Jiang, WANG Hui, Rong-Hua ZHANG, 2009: Ensemble Hindcasts of ENSO Events over the Past 120 Years Using a Large Number of Ensembles, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 26, 359-372.  doi: 10.1007/s00376-009-0359-7
    [8] Bin WANG, Juan LI, Qiong HE, 2017: Variable and Robust East Asian Monsoon Rainfall Response to El Niño over the Past 60 Years (1957-2016), ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 34, 1235-1248.  doi: 10.1007/s00376-017-7016-3
    [9] Yitian QIAN, Pang-Chi HSU, Chi-Han CHENG, 2017: Changes in Surface Energy Partitioning in China over the Past Three Decades, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 34, 635-649.  doi: 10.1007/s00376-016-6194-8
    [10] Qingwei ZENG, Yun ZHANG, Hengchi LEI, Yanqiong XIE, Taichang GAO, Lifeng ZHANG, Chunming WANG, Yanbin HUANG, 2019: Microphysical Characteristics of Precipitation during Pre-monsoon, Monsoon, and Post-monsoon Periods over the South China Sea, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 36, 1103-1120.  doi: 10.1007/s00376-019-8225-8
    [11] C. H. So, Johnny C. L. Chan, 1997: Regional and Synoptic-scale Features Associated with Inactive Periods of the Summer Monsoon over South China, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 14, 223-230.  doi: 10.1007/s00376-997-0021-1
    [12] Ying XU, Xuejie GAO, Filippo GIORGI, Botao ZHOU, Ying SHI, Jie WU, Yongxiang ZHANG, 2018: Projected Changes in Temperature and Precipitation Extremes over China as Measured by 50-yr Return Values and Periods Based on a CMIP5 Ensemble, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 35, 376-388.  doi: 10.1007/s00376-017-6269-1
    [13] NIU Tao, CHEN Longxun, ZHOU Zijiang, 2004: The Characteristics of Climate Change over the Tibetan Plateau in the Last 40 Years and the Detection of Climatic Jumps, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 21, 193-203.  doi: 10.1007/BF02915705
    [14] WAN Rijin, ZHAO Bingke, WU Guoxiong, 2009: New Evidences on the Climatic Causes of the Formation of the Spring Persistent Rains over Southeastern China, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 26, 1081-1087.  doi: 10.1007/s00376-009-7202-z
    [15] Yongguang ZHENG, Ming XUE, Bo LI, Jiong CHEN, Zuyu TAO, 2016: Spatial Characteristics of Extreme Rainfall over China with Hourly through 24-Hour Accumulation Periods Based on National-Level Hourly Rain Gauge Data, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 33, 1218-1232.  doi: 10.1007/s00376-016-6128-5
    [16] Jiping LIU, David BROMWICH, Dake CHEN, Raul CORDERO, Thomas JUNG, Marilyn RAPHAEL, John TURNER, Qinghua YANG, 2020: Preface to the Special Issue on Antarctic Meteorology and Climate: Past, Present and Future, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 37, 421-422.  doi: 10.1007/s00376-020-2001-7
    [17] LIU Run, LIU Shaw Chen, Ralph J. CICERONE, SHIU Chein-Jung, LI Jun, WANG Jingli, ZHANG Yuanhang, 2015: Trends of Extreme Precipitation in Eastern China and Their Possible Causes, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 32, 1027-1037.  doi: 10.1007/s00376-015- 5002-1
    [18] Wang Zhilie, 1985: TEN YEARS' ADVANCES OF RESEARCH ON KNOTTY TYPHOONS IN CHINA, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 2, 415-425.  doi: 10.1007/BF02678741
    [19] GUAN Zhaoyong, LU Chuhan, MEI Shilong, CONG Jing, 2010: Seasonality of Interannual Inter-hemispheric Oscillations over the Past Five Decades, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 27, 1043-1050.  doi: 10.1007/s00376-009-9126-z
    [20] Wang Huijun, 1994: Modelling the January and July Climate of 9000 Years before Present, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 11, 319-326.  doi: 10.1007/BF02658151

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Manuscript History

Manuscript received: 10 April 1987
Manuscript revised: 10 April 1987
通讯作者: 陈斌, bchen63@163.com
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    沈阳化工大学材料科学与工程学院 沈阳 110142

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THE ABNORMAL PERIODS OF CLIMATE IN CHINA OVER THE PAST 5000 YEARS AND THEIR CAUSES

  • 1. Institute of Weather and Climate Research, Academy of Meteorological Science, SMA, Beijing

Abstract: This paper points out that (1) there were 5 abnormal periods of climate in China over the last 1000 years, in which the frequency, the severity and the influenced area of such calamities as low temperature, drought and flood increased greatly; (2) there were 3 or 4 worse periods of climate over the past 5000 years which were more severe than the above-mentioned climate; (3) the momental effect of the geocentric synods of nine plan-ets is one of the important causes for the formation of the abnormal and worse periods of climate; and (4) from the 1960s to about 2000 A.D. China and the entire Northern Hemisphere would probably undergo another ab-normal period of climate.

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