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A Review of Cloud-Resolving Model Studies of Convective Processes


doi: 10.1007/s00376-008-0202-6

  • Convective processes affect large-scale environments through cloud-radiation interaction, cloud microphysical processes, and surface rainfall processes. Over the last three decades, cloud-resolving models (CRMs) have demonstrated to be capable of simulating convective-radiative responses to an imposed large-scale forcing. The CRM-produced cloud and radiative properties have been utilized to study the convective-related processes and their ensemble effects on large-scale circulations. This review summarizes the recent progress on the understanding of convective processes with the use of CRM simulations, including precipitation processes; cloud microphysical and radiative processes; dynamical processes; precipitation efficiency; diurnal variations of tropical oceanic convection; local-scale atmosphere-ocean coupling processes; and tropical convective-radiative equilibrium states. Two different ongoing applications of CRMs to general circulation models (GCMs) are discussed: replacing convection and cloud schemes for studying the interaction between cloud systems and large-scale circulation, and improving the schemes for climate simulations.
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    [2] GAO Shouting, Xiaofan LI, 2008: Impacts of Initial Conditions on Cloud-Resolving Model Simulations, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 25, 737-747.  doi: 10.1007/s00376-008-0737-6
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    [6] Jinghua CHEN, Xiaoqing WU, Chunsong LU, Yan YIN, 2022: Seasonal and Diurnal Variations of Cloud Systems over the Eastern Tibetan Plateau and East China: A Cloud-resolving Model Study, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 39, 1034-1049.  doi: 10.1007/s00376-021-0391-9
    [7] QIU Yujun, Thomas CHOULARTON, Jonathan CROSIER, Zixia LIU, 2015: Comparison of Cloud Properties between CloudSat Retrievals and Airplane Measurements in Mixed-Phase Cloud Layers of Weak Convective and Stratus Clouds, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 32, 1628-1638.  doi: 10.1007/s00376-015-4287-4
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    [9] LI Yaodong, GAO Shouting, LIU Jianwen, 2004: Assessment of Several Moist Adiabatic Processes Associated with Convective Energy Calculation, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 21, 941-950.  doi: 10.1007/BF02915596
    [10] YUE Caijun, SHOU Shaowen, Xiaofan LI, 2009: Water Vapor, Cloud, and Surface Rainfall Budgets Associated with the Landfall of Typhoon Krosa (2007): A Two-Dimensional Cloud-Resolving Modeling Study, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 26, 1198-1208.  doi: 10.1007/s00376-009-8135-2
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    [12] YI Mingjian, FU Yunfei, LIU Peng, ZHENG Zhixia, 2015: Deep Convective Clouds over the Northern Pacific and Their Relationship with Oceanic Cyclones, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 32, 821-830.  doi: 10.1007/s00376-014-4056-9
    [13] Yuanyuan ZUO, Zhiqun HU, Shujie YUAN, Jiafeng ZHENG, Xiaoyan YIN, Boyong LI, 2022: Identification of Convective and Stratiform Clouds Based on the Improved DBSCAN Clustering Algorithm, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 39, 2203-2212.  doi: 10.1007/s00376-021-1223-7
    [14] Tuanjie HOU, Hengchi LEI, Youjiang HE, Jiefan YANG, Zhen ZHAO, Zhaoxia HU, 2021: Aircraft Measurements of the Microphysical Properties of Stratiform Clouds with Embedded Convection, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 38, 966-982.  doi: 10.1007/s00376-021-0287-8
    [15] Haibo WANG, Hua ZHANG, Bing XIE, Xianwen JING, Jingyi HE, Yi LIU, 2022: Evaluating the Impacts of Cloud Microphysical and Overlap Parameters on Simulated Clouds in Global Climate Models, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 39, 2172-2187.  doi: 10.1007/s00376-021-0369-7
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Manuscript History

Manuscript received: 10 March 2008
Manuscript revised: 10 March 2008
通讯作者: 陈斌, bchen63@163.com
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A Review of Cloud-Resolving Model Studies of Convective Processes

  • 1. Department of Geological and Atmospheric Sciences, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa, USA;Joint Center for Satellite Data Assimilation and NOAA/NESDIS/Center for Satellite Applications and Research, Camp Springs, Maryland, USA

Abstract: Convective processes affect large-scale environments through cloud-radiation interaction, cloud microphysical processes, and surface rainfall processes. Over the last three decades, cloud-resolving models (CRMs) have demonstrated to be capable of simulating convective-radiative responses to an imposed large-scale forcing. The CRM-produced cloud and radiative properties have been utilized to study the convective-related processes and their ensemble effects on large-scale circulations. This review summarizes the recent progress on the understanding of convective processes with the use of CRM simulations, including precipitation processes; cloud microphysical and radiative processes; dynamical processes; precipitation efficiency; diurnal variations of tropical oceanic convection; local-scale atmosphere-ocean coupling processes; and tropical convective-radiative equilibrium states. Two different ongoing applications of CRMs to general circulation models (GCMs) are discussed: replacing convection and cloud schemes for studying the interaction between cloud systems and large-scale circulation, and improving the schemes for climate simulations.

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