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京津冀一次重度雾霾天气能见度及边界层关键气象要素的模拟研究

侯梦玲 王宏 赵天良 车慧正

侯梦玲, 王宏, 赵天良, 车慧正. 京津冀一次重度雾霾天气能见度及边界层关键气象要素的模拟研究[J]. 大气科学, 2017, 41(6): 1177-1190. doi: 10.3878/j.issn.1006-9895.1703.16211
引用本文: 侯梦玲, 王宏, 赵天良, 车慧正. 京津冀一次重度雾霾天气能见度及边界层关键气象要素的模拟研究[J]. 大气科学, 2017, 41(6): 1177-1190. doi: 10.3878/j.issn.1006-9895.1703.16211
Mengling HOU, Hong WANG, Tianliang ZHAO, Huizheng CHE. A Modeling Study of the Visibility and PBL Key Meteorological Elements during a Heavy Fog-Haze Episode in Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei of China[J]. Chinese Journal of Atmospheric Sciences, 2017, 41(6): 1177-1190. doi: 10.3878/j.issn.1006-9895.1703.16211
Citation: Mengling HOU, Hong WANG, Tianliang ZHAO, Huizheng CHE. A Modeling Study of the Visibility and PBL Key Meteorological Elements during a Heavy Fog-Haze Episode in Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei of China[J]. Chinese Journal of Atmospheric Sciences, 2017, 41(6): 1177-1190. doi: 10.3878/j.issn.1006-9895.1703.16211

京津冀一次重度雾霾天气能见度及边界层关键气象要素的模拟研究

doi: 10.3878/j.issn.1006-9895.1703.16211
基金项目: 

科技部大气污染专项项目 2016YFC0203306

国家重点基础研究发展计划(973计划) 2014CB441201

国家自然科学基金项目 41590874

详细信息
    作者简介:

    侯梦玲, 女, 1992年出生, 硕士研究生, 主要从事大气物理与大气环境方面的研究。E-mail:houmengling@126.com

    通讯作者:

    王宏, E-mail:wangh@cam.gov.cn

    赵天良, E-mail:tlzhao@nuist.edu.cn

  • 中图分类号: P401

A Modeling Study of the Visibility and PBL Key Meteorological Elements during a Heavy Fog-Haze Episode in Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei of China

Funds: 

National Key Foundation Study Developing Programs 2016YFC0203306

National Basic Research Program of China (973 Program) 2014CB441201

National Natural Science Foundation of China 41590874

  • 摘要: 本文利用GRAPES_CUACE大气化学模式对京津冀地区2015年12月重度雾霾过程进行了模拟和评估。京津冀地区能见度和PM2.5模拟值与观测值的对比表明:该模式能较好地模拟京津冀地区能见度和PM2.5的逐日变化情况,但模式存在对伴随着重污染发生的低能见度模拟偏高的问题。以12月5~10日的重度雾霾过程为重点,针对地面风速、边界层高度、相对湿度、PM2.5及其对能见度的影响进行了详细分析,研究结果表明:污染过程中大部分地区过程平均风速低于2 m s-1,边界层平均高度低于600 m,相对湿度较高。模式低能见度模拟偏高可能因为:(1)模式模拟重雾霾时段的PM2.5极大值浓度偏低。(2)模拟相对湿度存在系统性偏低的误差,这一误差对能见度的影响表现为两方面,一是相对湿度会通过影响可溶性气溶胶的吸湿增长过程影响气溶胶质量浓度,导致气溶胶消光系数的计算偏低;二是目前模式中采用的能见度的参数化公式考虑了相对湿度对气溶胶吸湿增长的影响,没有考虑雾滴的直接消光作用。
  • 图  1  (a)GRAPES-CUACE模拟区域(水平分辨率15 km)及(b)京津冀地区主要城市气象观测站及环保监测站的位置分布

    Figure  1.  (a) GRAPES-CUACE model domain at a horizontal resolution of 15 km over East China and (b) locations of the meteorological observation stations and environmental protection monitoring stations in major cities in Beijing–Tianjin–Hebei

    图  2  2015年12月能见度(单位:km)观测资料(黑线)与模拟结果(红线)的逐日变化

    Figure  2.  Observed (Obs, black lines) and simulated (sim, red lines) daily average visibility (units: km) during December 2015

    图  3  2015年12月PM2.5质量浓度(单位:μg m-3)观测资料(黑线)与模拟结果(红线)的逐日变化

    Figure  3.  Observed (Obs, black lines) and simulated (sim, red lines) daily average mass concentrations (units: μg m-3) of PM2.5 during December 2015

    图  4  (a–f)2015年12月5~10日京津冀地区模式模拟PM2.5(单位:μg m-3)质量浓度的日平均区域分布

    Figure  4.  Horizontal distributions of daily average mass concentration of PM2.5 (simulation result, units: μg m-3) in Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei during (a–f) December 5–10, 2015

    图  5  2015年12月5~10日京津冀部分城市边界层高度(单位:m)模拟结果逐日变化

    Figure  5.  Simulated PBLH (Planetary boundary layer height, units: m) in several cities in Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei during December 5–10, 2015

    图  6  2015年12月5~10日京津冀地区能见度模拟日平均区域分布

    Figure  6.  Horizontal distributions of daily average visibility (simulation result, units: km) in Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei during December 5–10, 2015

    图  7  (a–f)2015年12月5~10日京津冀地区模式模拟相对湿度(填色)、风速(矢量箭头,单位:m s-1)日平均结果区域分布

    Figure  7.  Simulated horizontal distributions of daily average relative humidity (shaded) and wind vectors (arrows; units: m s-1) in Beijing-Tianjin-Hebeiduring (a–f) December 5–10, 2015

    图  8  2015年12月5~10日PM2.5质量浓度、相对湿度、能见度观测资料(黑线)与模拟结果(红线)的逐日变化

    Figure  8.  Observed (Obs, black lines) and simulated (sim, red lines) daily averages of PM2.5 mass concentration, relative humidity, visibility during December 5–10, 2015

    图  9  北京(BJ)、天津(TJ)、邢台(XT)能见度、相对湿度、PM2.5质量浓度、风速、边界层高度观测值与模拟值对比

    Figure  9.  Observed and simulated daily averages of visibility, relative humidity, PM2.5 mass concentration, wind speed, and PBLH in Beijing (BJ), Tianjin (TJ), and Xingtai (XT)

    表  1  2015年12月5~10日京津冀部分城市边界层高度模拟结果与风速模拟结果的平均值

    Table  1.   Averages of simulated PBLH (Planetary boundary layer height) and wind speed in several cities in Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei during December 5–10, 2015

    北京 天津 承德 秦皇岛 唐山 张家口 保定 沧州 衡水 石家庄 邢台 邯郸
    平均边界层高度/m 364 565 382 544 495 271 403 553 526 321 437 452
    平均风速/m s-1 1.6 1.8 0.8 2.6 1.4 1.0 0.8 1.8 1.8 0.6 1.4 1.6
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  2015年12月5~10日PM2.5质量浓度、相对湿度、能见度的观测值和模拟值统计分析

    Table  2.   Statistical analysis of the simulated and observed PM2.5 mass concentration, relative humidity, and visibility during December 5–10, 2015

    观测平均值 模拟平均值 平均偏差 相对误差
    PM2.5 北京 154 μg/m3 197 μg/m3 43 μg/m3 28%
    天津 119 μg/m3 158 μg/m3 39 μg/m3 33%
    邢台 264 μg/m3 192 μg/m3 -72 μg/m3 -27%
    相对湿度 北京 67% 54% -14% -21%
    天津 74% 55% -19% -26%
    邢台 73% 58% -16% -22%
    能见度 北京 5 km 9 km 4 km 80%
    天津 5 km 10 km 5 km 100%
    邢台 5 km 7 km 2 km 40%
    下载: 导出CSV
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2016-08-05
  • 网络出版日期:  2017-04-13
  • 刊出日期:  2017-11-15

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