高级检索

留言板

尊敬的读者、作者、审稿人, 关于本刊的投稿、审稿、编辑和出版的任何问题, 您可以本页添加留言。我们将尽快给您答复。谢谢您的支持!

姓名
邮箱
手机号码
标题
留言内容
验证码

不同类型和强度的厄尔尼诺事件对次年华南前汛期降水的可能影响

伍红雨 吴遥

伍红雨, 吴遥. 不同类型和强度的厄尔尼诺事件对次年华南前汛期降水的可能影响[J]. 大气科学, 2018, 42(5): 1081-1095. doi: 10.3878/j.issn.1006-9895.1711.17178
引用本文: 伍红雨, 吴遥. 不同类型和强度的厄尔尼诺事件对次年华南前汛期降水的可能影响[J]. 大气科学, 2018, 42(5): 1081-1095. doi: 10.3878/j.issn.1006-9895.1711.17178
Hongyu WU, Yao WU. Possible Impacts of El Niño Events of Different Types and Intensity on Precipitation in the Subsequent First Rainy Season in South China[J]. Chinese Journal of Atmospheric Sciences, 2018, 42(5): 1081-1095. doi: 10.3878/j.issn.1006-9895.1711.17178
Citation: Hongyu WU, Yao WU. Possible Impacts of El Niño Events of Different Types and Intensity on Precipitation in the Subsequent First Rainy Season in South China[J]. Chinese Journal of Atmospheric Sciences, 2018, 42(5): 1081-1095. doi: 10.3878/j.issn.1006-9895.1711.17178

不同类型和强度的厄尔尼诺事件对次年华南前汛期降水的可能影响

doi: 10.3878/j.issn.1006-9895.1711.17178
基金项目: 

国家重大科学研究计划项目 2014CB953900

国家自然科学基金项目 41661144019

广东省科技计划项目 2017B030314140

广东省气象局科技项目 2015B12

详细信息
    作者简介:

    伍红雨, 女, 1969年出生, 正研级高工, 主要从事气候和气候变化研究。E-mail:wuhy@grmc.gov.cn

  • 中图分类号: P426

Possible Impacts of El Niño Events of Different Types and Intensity on Precipitation in the Subsequent First Rainy Season in South China

Funds: 

National Major Research Program of China 2014CB953900

National Natural Science Foundation of China 41661144019

Science and Technology Planning Project of Guangdong Province of China 2017B030314140

Research Program Foundation of Guangdong Meteorological Bureau 2015B12

  • 摘要: 根据气象行业标准(QT/T370-2017)对厄尔尼诺事件不同类型的划分结果以及国家气候中心最新颁布的华南前汛期业务监测标准,利用1961~2016年NCEP/NCAR日、月尺度再分析大气环流资料、海表温度资料(ERSST V4)以及华南261个国家气象观测站逐日降水资料,采用相关、合成等方法分析了不同类型、强度的厄尔尼诺事件特征以及与次年华南前汛期的关系,并探讨其海温和大气环流异常特征。结果表明,厄尔尼诺事件的类型、强度对次年华南前汛期降水的影响存在明显差异。中等及以上强度东部型厄尔尼诺事件次年,华南前汛期开汛早、结束晚,前汛期持续时间长、降水多;弱等级的东部型以及中部型厄尔尼诺事件次年则相反。在厄尔尼诺事件次年华南前汛期,中等及以上强度东部型厄尔尼诺相对弱东部型或中部型厄尔尼诺的大气环流存在明显差异。高层西风急流明显加强,中层北半球极涡加强,东亚大槽强,低层菲律宾以东存在反气旋异常环流,华南存在南北风的交汇和水汽辐合加强,有利于华南前汛期降水偏多。
  • 图  1  热带太平洋海温距平监测关键区分布

    Figure  1.  Distribution of the key monitoring area for the tropical Pacific SSTA (sea surface temperature anomaly)

    图  2  1961~2016年厄尔尼诺事件次年华南前汛期雨量强度指数的变化。红点:中等及以上强度东部型;蓝点:弱强度东部型;绿点:中部型;黑色:非厄尔尼诺次年。虚线代表线性变化趋势

    Figure  2.  The change of precipitation intensity index in the subsequent first rainy season (PIISFRS) in South China of El Niño events during1961–2016. Red dots represent the eastern El Niño with medium and higher intensity, blue dots represent the eastern El Niño with weak intensity, green dots represent all the central Pacific El Niño, black dots represent non-El Nino in next years. The dashed line shows the linear trend

    图  3  1961~2016年华南前汛期雨量强度指数与不同时段的海温相关系数分布:(a)11~1月;(b)12~2月;(c)1~3月;(d)2~4月;(e)3~5月;(f)4~6月。阴影区由浅到深表示通过0.05、0.01和0.001显著性水平的显著性检验

    Figure  3.  Correlation coefficients between PIISFRS in South China and SST in different periods during 1961–2016: (a) Nov–Jan, (b) Dec–Feb, (c) Jan–Mar, (d) Feb–Apr, (e) Mar–May, (f) Apr–Jun. Areas shaded from light to dark indicate the correlation coefficients at the 0.05, 0.01, 0.001 significance levels, respectively

    图  4  1961~2016年厄尔尼诺事件次年2~4月海温距平(单位:℃)合成:(a)中等及以上强度东部型;(b)弱强度东部型;(c)所有中部型

    Figure  4.  Composites of SSTA (units: ℃) during Feb–Apr in the subsequent years of El Niño events from 1961 to 2016: (a) East Pacific El Niño events with medium and higher intensity; (b) East Pacific El Niño events with weak intensity; (c) all the central Pacific El Niño events

    图  5  1961~2016年华南前汛期雨量强度指数与4~6月大气环流的相关:(a)200 hPa风场;(b)500 hPa高度场;(c)850 hPa风场;(d)海平面气压场。阴影区由浅到深表示通过0.05、0.01和0.001显著性水平的显著性检验

    Figure  5.  Correlation between PIISFRS in South China and the atmospheric variables in Apr–Jun during 1961–2016: (a) 200-hPa wind; (b) 500-hPa geopotential height, (c) 850-hPa wind, (d) sea level pressure. Areas shaded from light to dark indicate the correlation at 0.05, 0.01, 0.001 significance levels, respectively

    图  6  厄尔尼诺事件次年前汛期200 hPa风场(左,单位:m s-1)和海平面气压(右,单位:hPa)在不同情况下合成场差值:(a、b):P1–P2;(c、d):P1–P3;(e、f):P2–P3。P1:中等及以上强度东部型;P2:弱强度东部型;P3:中部型。红色矢量和绿点分别代表风速差值和海平面气压差值通过0.05显著性水平的显著性检验

    Figure  6.  Composite differences of 200-hPa wind fields (left, units: m s-1) and sea level pressures (right, units: hPa) in the first rainy season in South China in the subsequent years of El Niño events under different circumstances: (a, b) P1-P2; (c, d) P1-P3; (e, f): P2-P3. P1: East Pacific El Niño events with medium and higher intensity; P2: East Pacific El Niño events with weak intensity; P3: all the central Pacific El Niño events. Red vectors and green dots indicate the wind speed and sea level pressure differences at 0.05 significance level

    图  7  同图6,但为500 hPa高度场(单位:gpm)和850 hPa风场(单位:m s-1

    Figure  7.  As in Fig. 6, but for 500-hPa geopotential height (units: gpm) and 850-hPa wind (units: m s-1)

    图  8  厄尔尼诺事件次年华南前汛期对流层整层(1000~300 hPa)水汽通量(矢量,单位:kg m-1 s-1)及水汽通量散度(阴影区,单位:10-5 kg s-1m-2)在不同情况下合成场差值:(a)P1–P2;(b)P1–P3;(c)P2–P3

    Figure  8.  Composite differences of moisture fluxes (vectors, units: kg m-1 s-1) vertically integrated from 1000 hPa to 300 hPa and moisture fluxes divergence (color shaded, units: 10-5 kg s-1 m-2) in the first rainy season in South China in the subsequent years of El Niño events under different circumstance: (a) P1-P2, (b) P1-P3, (c) P2-P3

    表  1  1961年以来发生的厄尔尼诺事件

    Table  1.   El Niño events since 1961

    事件类型 序号 起止年月 长度/ months 峰值时间 强度/ ℃ 强度等级
    东部型 1 1963.07~1964.01 7 1963.11 1.1
    2 1965.05~1966.05 14 1965.11 1.7 中等
    3 1972.05~1973.03 11 1972.11 2.1
    4 1976.09~1977.02 6 1976.01 0.9
    5 1979.09~1980.01 5 1980.01 0.6
    6 1982.04~1983.06 15 1983.01 2.7 超强
    7 1986.08~1988.02 19 1987.08 1.9 中等
    8 1991.05~1992.06 14 1992.01 1.9 中等
    9 1997.04~1998.04 13 1997.11 2.7 超强
    10 2006.08~2007.01 6 2006.11 1.1
    11 2014.10~2016.04 19 2015.12 2.8 超强
    中部型 1 1968.10~1970.02 17 1969.02 1.1
    2 1977.09~1978.02 6 1978.01 0.9
    3 1994.09~1995.03 7 1994.12 1.3 中等
    4 2002.05~2003.03 11 2002.11 1.6 中等
    5 2004.07~2005.01 7 2004.09 0.8
    6 2009.06~2010.04 11 2009.12 1.7 中等
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  1961年以来不同类型、强度的厄尔尼诺事件次年华南前汛期降水监测指标平均

    Table  2.   Averages of the monitoring indexes of precipitation in the subsequent first rainy season in South China corresponding to El Niño events of different types and intensity since 1961

    厄尔尼诺事件
    类型
    厄尔尼诺事件
    强度

    开始日期
    开始日期的
    距平/d

    结束日期
    结束日期的
    距平/d

    持续时间/d
    持续时间的
    距平/d
    雨量强度
    指数
    东部型 超强、强 3月24日 -13 7月8日 3 106 15 1
    中等 3月25日 -12 7月15日 10 91 0 1
    4月17日 11 7月2日 -3 76 -15 -1
    中部型 中等、弱 4月14日 8 6月30日 -5 77 -14 -0.5
    下载: 导出CSV
  • [1] Ashok K, Behera S K, Rao S A, et al. 2007. El Niño Modoki and its possible teleconnection[J]. J. Geophys. Res., 112:C11007, doi: 10.1029/2006JC003798.
    [2] 陈艺敏, 钱永甫. 2005.西太平洋暖池海温对华南前汛期降水影响的数值试验[J].热带气象学报, 21:13-23. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1004-4965.2005.01.002

    Chen Yimin, Qian Yongfu. 2005. Numerical study of influence of the SSTA in western Pacific warm pool on precipitation in the first flood period in South China[J]. Journal of Tropical Meteorology (in Chinese), 21:13-23, doi:10.3969/j.issn. 1004-4965.2005.01.002.
    [3] Chen Z S, Wen Z P, Wu R G, et al. 2014. Influence of two types of El Niños on the East Asian climate during boreal summer:A numerical study[J]. Climate Dyn., 43:469-481, doi: 10.1007/s00382-013-1943-1.
    [4] 邓立平, 王谦谦. 2002.华南前汛期(4~6月)降水异常特征及其与我国近海海温的关系[J].热带气象学报, 18:44-55. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1004-4965.2002.01.006

    Deng Liping, Wang Qianqian. 2002. On the relationship between precipitation anomalies in the first raining season (April-June) in southern China and SST over offshore waters in China[J]. Journal of Tropical Meteorology (in Chinese), 18:44-55, doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1004-4965.2002.01.006.
    [5] Feng J, Chen W, Tam C Y, et al. 2011. Different impacts of El Niño and El Niño Modoki on China rainfall in the decaying phases[J]. International Journal of Climatology, 31:2091-2101, doi: 10.1002/joc.2217.
    [6] Feng J, Li J P. 2011. Influence of El Niño Modoki on spring rainfall over South China[J]. J. Geophys. Res., 116:D13102, doi: 10.1029/2010JD015160.
    [7] 谷德军, 纪忠萍, 林爱兰, 等. 2005.广州春季降水的变化及其前兆信号[J].热带气象学报, 21:579-587. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1004-4965.2005.06.003

    Gu Dejun, Ji Zhongping, Lin Ailan, et al. 2005. The variation and precursor of Guangzhou spring rainfall[J]. Journal of Tropical Meteorology (in Chinese), 21:579-587, doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1004-4965.2005.06.003.
    [8] 何溪澄, 丁一汇, 何金海. 2008.东亚冬季风对ENSO事件的响应特征[J].大气科学, 32:335-344. doi: 10.3878/j.issn.1006-9895.2008.02.12

    He Xicheng, Ding Yihui, He Jinhai. 2008. Response characteristics of the East Asian winter monsoon to ENSO events[J]. Chinese Journal of Atmospheric Sciences (in Chinese), 32:335-344, doi: 10.3878/j.issn.1006-9895.2008.02.12.
    [9] Kao H Y, Yu J Y. 2009. Contrasting eastern Pacific and central Pacific types of ENSO[J]. J. Climate, 22:615-632, doi: 10.1175/2008JCLI2309.1.
    [10] Kug J S, Jin F F, An S I. 2009. Two types of El Niño events:Cold tongue El Niño and warm pool El Niño[J]. J. Climate, 22:1499-1515, doi: 10.1175/2008JCLI2624.1.
    [11] Larkin N K, Harrison D E. 2005. On the definition of El Niño and associated seasonal average U.S. weather anomalies[J]. Geophys. Res. Lett., 32:L13705, doi: 10.1029/2005GL022738.
    [12] 李春晖, 梁建茵, 吴尚森. 2004.近百年广州汛期降水变化特征及其影响因子[J].热带气象学报, 20:365-374. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1004-4965.2004.04.004

    Li Chunhui, Liang Jianyin, Wu Shangsen. 2004. The characteristics of precipitation in the raining season in Guangzhou and its affecting factors over the past 100 years[J]. Journal of Tropical Meteorology (in Chinese), 20:365-374, doi:10.3969/j.issn. 1004-4965.2004.04.004.
    [13] 李多, 柳艳菊, 王遵娅. 2017.华南前汛期起讫日期的年际变化及与前汛期降水的关系[J].地理科学, 37:154-160. doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2017.01.019

    Li Duo, Liu Yanju, Wang Zunya. 2017. Inter annual variation of the onset and ending dates of the first rainy season in South China and their relationships with the corresponding precipitation[J]. Scientia Geographica Sinica (in Chinese), 37:154-160, doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2017.01.019.
    [14] 李宏毅, 林朝晖, 宋燕, 等. 2013.我国华南3月份降水异常的可能影响因子分析[J].大气科学, 37:719-730. doi: 10.3878/j.issn.1006-9895.2012.11252

    Li Hongyi, Lin Zhaohui, Song Yan, et al. 2013. Analysis of the possible factors that influence March precipitation anomalies over South China[J]. Chinese Journal of Atmospheric Sciences (in Chinese), 37:719-730, doi:10.3878/j.issn. 1006-9895.2012.11252.
    [15] 李丽平, 宋哲, 吴楠. 2015.三类厄尔尼诺事件对东亚大气环流及中国东部次年夏季降水的影响[J].大气科学学报, 38:753-765. doi: 10.13878/j.cnki.dqkxxb.20130723001

    Li Liping, Song Zhe, Wu Nan. 2015. Effects of three types of El Niño events on atmospheric circulation over East Asia and following summer precipitation in eastern China[J]. Transactions of Atmospheric Sciences (in Chinese), 38:753-765, doi: 10.13878/j.cnki.dqkxxb.20130723001.
    [16] 梁建茵, 林元弼. 1992.南海海温异常对七月份中国气候的影响及数值试验[J].热带气象, 8:134-141. doi: 10.16032/j.issn.1004-4965.1992.02.005

    Liang Jianyin, Lin Yuanbi. 1992. The influence of sea surface temperature anomalies for the South China Sea on July climate in China and their numerical experiments[J]. Journal of Tropical Meteorology (in Chinese), 8:134-141, doi: 10.16032/j.issn.1004-4965.1992.02.005.
    [17] 梁建茵, 吴尚森. 2001.广东省汛期旱涝成因和前期影响因子探讨[J].热带气象学报, 17:97-108. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1004-4965.2001.02.001

    Liang Jianyin, Wu Shangsen. 2001. Formation reasons of drought and flood in the rain season of Guangdong and preceding impact factors[J]. Journal of Tropical Meteorology (in Chinese), 17:97-108, doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1004-4965.2001.02.001.
    [18] 梁暖培, 梁必骐. 1995.厄尔尼诺事件与广州降水[J].热带海洋, 14 (2):18-23. http://www.wanfangdata.com.cn/details/detail.do?_type=perio&id=QK199500745140

    Liang Nuanpei, Liang Biqi. 1995. The El Niño event and rainfall variation in Guangzhou[J]. Tropic Oceanology (in Chinese), 14 (2):18-23. http://www.wanfangdata.com.cn/details/detail.do?_type=perio&id=QK199500745140
    [19] 林爱兰, 李春晖, 郑彬, 等. 2013.广东前汛期持续性暴雨的变化特征及其环流形势[J].气象学报, 71:628-642. doi: 10.11676/qxxb2013.063

    Lin Ailan, Li Chunhui, Zheng Bin, et al. 2013. Variation characteristics of sustained torrential rain during the pre-flooding season in Guangdong and the associated circulation pattern[J]. Acta Meteorologica Sinica (in Chinese), 71:628-642, doi: 10.11676/qxxb2013.063.
    [20] 马慧, 陈桢华, 毛文书, 等. 2009a.华南前汛期降水异常及其环流特征分析[J].热带气象学报, 25:89-96. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1004-4965.2009.01.011

    Ma Hui, Chen Zhenhua, Mao Wenshu, et al. 2009a. Analysis of precipitation in the annually first rainy period and general circulation in the south of China[J]. Journal of Tropical Meteorology (in Chinese), 25:89-96, doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1004-4965.2009.01.011.
    [21] 马慧, 陈桢华, 姜丽萍, 等. 2009b.华南前汛期降水与我国近海海温的SVD分析[J].热带气象学报, 25:241-245. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1004-4965.2009.02.017

    Ma Hui, Chen Zhenhua, Jiang Liping, et al. 2009b. SVD analysis between the annually first raining period precipitation in the south of China and the SST over offshore waters in China[J]. Journal of Tropical Meteorology (in Chinese), 25:241-245, doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1004-4965.2009.02.017.
    [22] 强学民, 杨修群. 2013.华南前汛期降水异常与太平洋海表温度异常的关系[J].地球物理学报, 56:2583-2593. doi: 10.6038/cjg20130808

    Qiang Xuemin, Yang Xiuqun. 2013. Relationship between the first rainy season precipitation anomaly in South China and the sea surface temperature anomaly in the Pacific[J]. Chinese Journal of Geophysics (in Chinese), 56:2583-2593, doi: 10.6038/cjg20130808.
    [23] 任福民, 袁媛, 孙丞虎, 等. 2012.近30年ENSO研究进展回顾[J].气象科技进展, 2 (3):17-24. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.2095-1973.2012.03.002

    Ren Fumin, Yuan Yuan, Sun Chenghu, et al. 2012. Review of progress of ENSO studies in the past three decades[J]. Advances in Meteorological Science and Technology (in Chinese), 2 (3):17-24, doi: 10.3969/j.issn.2095-1973.2012.03.002.
    [24] 任宏利, 刘颖, 左金清, 等.2016.国家气候中心新一代ENSO预测系统及其对2014/2016年超强厄尔尼诺事件的预测[J].气象, 42 (5): 521-531.

    Ren Hongli, Liu Yun, et al. 2016. The new generation of ENSO prediction system in Beijing climate centre and its prediction for the 2014/2016 super El Niño event[J]. Meteorological Monthly (in Chinese), 42: 521-531, doi: 10.7519/j.issn.1000-0526.2016.05.001.
    [25] 邵勰, 廖要明, 柳艳菊, 等. 2016. 2015年全球重大天气气候事件及其成因[J].气象, 42:489-495. doi: 10.7519/j.issn.1000-0526.2016.04.013

    Shao Xie, Liao Yaoming, Liu Yanju, et al. 2016. Global major weather and climate events in 2015 and the possible cause[J]. Meteorological Monthly (in Chinese), 42:489-495, doi:10. 7519/j.issn.1000-0526.2016.04.013.
    [26] 司东, 柳艳菊, 邵勰, 等. 2016. 2015年海洋和大气环流异常及对中国气候的影响[J].气象, 42:481-488. doi: 10.7519/j.issn.1000-0526.2016.04.012

    Si Dong, Liu Yanju, Shao Xie, et al. 2016. Anomalies of oceanic and atmospheric circulation in 2015 and their impacts on climate in China[J]. Meteorological Monthly (in Chinese), 42:481-488, doi: 10.7519/j.issn.1000-0526.2016.04.012.
    [27] 孙劭, 李多, 刘绿柳, 等. 2017. 2016年全球重大天气气候事件及其成因[J].气象, 43 (4):477-485. doi: 10.7519/j.issn.1000-0526.2017.04.010

    Sun Shao, Li Duo, Liu Lüliu, et al. 2017. Global major weather and climate events in 2016 and the possible causes[J]. Meteorological Monthly (in Chinese), 43:477-485, doi:10.7519/j.issn. 1000-0526.2017.04.010.
    [28] Wang B, Wu R G, Fu X H. 2000. Pacific-East Asian teleconnection:How does ENSO affect East Asian climate?[J] J. Climate, 13:1517-1536, 10.1175/1520-0442(2000)013 < 1517:PEATHD>2.0.CO; 2. doi: 10.1175/1520-0442(2000)013<1517:PEATHD>2.0.CO;2
    [29] 王朋岭, 周兵, 柳艳菊, 等. 2015. 2014年海洋和大气环流异常及对中国气候的影响[J].气象, 41 (4): 489-496.

    Wang Pengling, Zhou Bing, et al. 2015. Anomalies of ocean and atmospheric circulation in 2014 and their impacts on climate over China[J]. Meteorological Monthly (in Chinese), 41: 489-496, doi: 10.7519/j.issn.1000-0526.2015.04.012.
    [30] Weng H Y, Ashok K, Behera S K, et al. 2007. Impacts of recent El Niño Modoki on dry/wet conditions in the Pacific Rim during boreal summer[J]. Climate Dyn., 29:113-129, doi: 10.1007/s00382-007-0234-0.
    [31] 伍红雨, 潘蔚娟, 王婷. 2014.华南冬季气温异常与ENSO的关系[J].气象, 40:1230-1239. doi: 10.7519/j.issn.1000-0526.2014.10.007

    Wu Hongyu, Pan Weijuan, Wang Ting. 2014. Winter temperature anomalies in South China and its relation to ENSO[J]. Meteorological Monthly (in Chinese), 40:1230-1239, doi:10.7519/j.issn. 1000-0526.2014.10.007.
    [32] 伍红雨, 杨崧, 蒋兴文. 2015.华南前汛期开始日期异常与大气环流和海温变化的关系[J].气象学报, 73:319-330. doi: 10.11676/qxxb2015.046

    Wu Hongyu, Yang Song, Jiang Xingwen. 2015. Anomalous onset date of the first rainy season in South China and its relationship with the variation of the atmospheric circulation and SST[J]. Acta Meteorologica Sinica (in Chinese), 73:319-330, doi: 10.11676/qxxb2015.046.
    [33] 吴志伟, 江志红, 何金海. 2006.近50年华南前汛期降水、江淮梅雨和华北雨季旱涝特征对比分析[J].大气科学, 30:391-401. doi: 10.3878/j.issn.1006-9895.2006.03.03

    Wu Zhiwei, Jiang Zhihong, He Jinhai. 2006. The comparison analysis of flood and drought features among the first flood period in South China, Meiyu period in the Yangtze River and the Huaihe River valleys and rainy season in North China in the last 50 years[J]. Chinese Journal of Atmospheric Sciences (in Chinese), 30:391-401, doi:10.3878/j.issn.1006-9895.2006. 03.03.
    [34] 徐霈强, 冯娟, 陈文. 2016. ENSO冷暖位相影响东亚冬季风与东亚夏季风联系的非对称性[J].大气科学, 40:831-840. doi: 10.3878/j.issn.1006-9895.1509.15192

    Xu Peiqiang, Feng Juan, Chen Wen. 2016. Asymmetric role of ENSO in the link between the East Asian winter monsoon and the following summer monsoon[J]. Chinese Journal of Atmospheric Sciences (in Chinese), 40:831-840, doi: 10.3878/j.issn.1006-9895.1509.15192.
    [35] Yeh S W, Kug J S, Dewitte B, et al. 2009. El Niño in a changing climate[J]. Nature, 461:511-514, doi: 10.1038/nature08316.
    [36] 袁媛, 杨辉, 李崇银. 2012a.不同分布型厄尔尼诺事件及对中国次年夏季降水的可能影响[J].气象学报, 70:467-478. doi: 10.11676/qxxb2012.039

    Yuan Yuan, Yang Hui, Li Chongyin. 2012a. Study of El Niño events of different types and their potential impact on the following summer precipitation in China[J]. Acta Meteorologica Sinica (in Chinese), 70:467-478, doi:10.11676/qxxb2012. 039.
    [37] 袁媛, 任福民, 王艳姣, 等. 2012b. 2012年华南前汛期降水特征及环流异常分析[J].气象, 38:1247-1254. doi: 10.7519/j.issn.1000-0526.2012.10.011

    Yuan Yuan, Ren Fumin, Wang Yanjiao, et al. 2012b. Analysis of the precipitation feature and general circulation anomaly during the pre-flood season in South China in 2012[J]. Meteorological Monthly (in Chinese), 38:1247-1254, doi: 10.7519/j.issn.1000-0526.2012.10.011.
    [38] 袁媛, 李崇银, 杨崧. 2014.与厄尔尼诺和拉尼娜相联系的中国南方冬季降水的年代际异常特征[J].气象学报, 72:237-255. doi: 10.11676/qxxb2014.014

    Yuan Yuan, Li Chongyin, Yang Song. 2014. Decadal anomalies of winter precipitation over southern China in association with El Niño and La Niña[J]. Acta Meteorologica Sinica (in Chinese), 72:237-255, doi:10.11676/qxxb2014. 014.
    [39] 袁媛, 高辉, 贾小龙, 等. 2016. 2014~2016年超强厄尔尼诺事件的气候影响[J].气象, 42:532-539. doi: 10.7519/j.issn.1000-0526.2016.05.002

    Yuan Yuan, Gao Hui, Jia Xiaolong, et al. 2016. Influences of the 2014-2016 super El Niño event on climate[J]. Meteorological Monthly (in Chinese), 42:532-539, doi:10.7519/j.issn. 1000-0526.2016.05.002.
    [40] Yuan Y, Yang S. 2012. Impacts of different types of El Niño on the East Asian climate:Focus on ENSO cycles[J]. J. Climate, 25:7702-7722, doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-11-00576.1.
    [41] 宗海锋, 陈烈庭, 张庆云. 2010. ENSO与中国夏季降水年际变化关系的不稳定性特征[J].大气科学, 34:184-192. doi: 10.3878/j.issn.1006-9895.2010.01.17

    Zong Haifeng, Chen Lieting, Zhang Qingyun. 2010. The instability of the interannual relationship between ENSO and the summer rainfall in China[J]. Chinese Journal of Atmospheric Sciences (in Chinese), 34:184-192, doi: 10.3878/j.issn.1006-9895.2010.01.17.
    [42] 郑彬, 梁建茵, 林爱兰, 等. 2006.华南前汛期的锋面降水和夏季风降水. Ⅰ:划分日期的确定[J].大气科学, 30:1207-1216. doi: 10.3878/j.issn.1006-9895.2006.06.15

    Zheng Bin, Liang Jianyin, Lin Ailan, et al. 2006. Frontal rain and summer monsoon rain during pre-rainy season in South China. Part Ⅰ:Determination of the division dates[J]. Chinese Journal of Atmospheric Sciences (in Chinese), 30:1207-1216, doi: 10.3878/j.issn.1006-9895.2006.06.15.
    [43] 郑彬, 谷德军, 李春晖, 等. 2007.华南前汛期的锋面降水和夏季风降水. Ⅱ:空间分布特征[J].大气科学, 31:495-504. doi: 10.3878/j.issn.1006-9895.2007.03.1

    Zheng Bin, Gu Dejun, Li Chunhui, et al. 2007. Frontal rain and summer monsoon rain during pre-rainy season in South China. Part Ⅱ:Spatial patterns[J]. Chinese Journal of Atmospheric Sciences (in Chinese), 31:495-504, doi: 10.3878/j.issn.1006-9895.2007.03.1.
    [44] 张端禹, 郑彬, 汪小康, 等. 2015.华南前汛期持续暴雨环流分型初步研究[J].大气科学学报, 38:310-320. doi: 10.13878/j.cnki.dqkxxb.20130520002

    Zhang Duanyu, Zheng Bin, Wang Xiaokang, et al. 2015. Preliminary research on circulation patterns in the persistent heavy rain processes during the first rainy season in South China[J]. Transactions of Atmospheric Sciences (in Chinese), 38:310-320, doi: 10.13878/j.cnki.dqkxxb.20130520002.
  • 加载中
图(8) / 表(2)
计量
  • 文章访问数:  1133
  • HTML全文浏览量:  1
  • PDF下载量:  1225
  • 被引次数: 0
出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2017-06-12
  • 网络出版日期:  2017-12-05
  • 刊出日期:  2018-09-15

目录

    /

    返回文章
    返回