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1961~2018年中国生长季变化

吴蓓蕾 姜大膀 王晓欣

吴蓓蕾, 姜大膀, 王晓欣. 2021. 1961~2018年中国生长季变化[J]. 大气科学, 45(1): 1−11 doi: 10.3878/j.issn.1006-9895.2010.20110
引用本文: 吴蓓蕾, 姜大膀, 王晓欣. 2021. 1961~2018年中国生长季变化[J]. 大气科学, 45(1): 1−11 doi: 10.3878/j.issn.1006-9895.2010.20110
WU Beilei, JIANG Dabang, WANG Xiaoxin. 2021. Changes in the Growing Season Across China during 1961–2018 [J]. Chinese Journal of Atmospheric Sciences (in Chinese), 45(1): 1−11 doi: 10.3878/j.issn.1006-9895.2010.20110
Citation: WU Beilei, JIANG Dabang, WANG Xiaoxin. 2021. Changes in the Growing Season Across China during 1961–2018 [J]. Chinese Journal of Atmospheric Sciences (in Chinese), 45(1): 1−11 doi: 10.3878/j.issn.1006-9895.2010.20110

1961~2018年中国生长季变化

doi: 10.3878/j.issn.1006-9895.2010.20110
基金项目: 国家自然科学基金项目41991284,国家重点研究发展计划项目2016YFA0600704
详细信息
    作者简介:

    吴蓓蕾,女,1995年出生,博士研究生,主要从事气候变化研究。E-mail: wubeilei@mail.iap.ac.cn

    通讯作者:

    姜大膀,E-mail: jiangdb@mail.iap.ac.cn

  • 中图分类号: P467

Changes in the Growing Season Across China during 1961–2018

Funds: National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant 41991284), National Key Research and Development Program of China (Grant 2016YFA0600704)
  • 摘要: 在全球变暖背景下,中国区域生长季发生了改变,但以往研究时段偏短、数据分辨率低且空间覆盖相对有限。本文利用0.25°×0.25°高水平分辨率日平均气温资料CN05.1,研究了1961~2018年中国生长季开始日、结束日和长度的气候态特征、变化趋势及其与季节平均温度的关系。结果表明,1961~2018年中国平均生长季开始日和结束日分别为3月31日和10月29日,长度为212 d。空间上,开始日由东南向西北逐渐推迟,结束日呈反向变化,长度由东南向西北缩短。整体而言,1961~2018年中国平均生长季开始日提前、结束日推迟、长度延长,其速率分别为−1.3 d (10 a)−1、0.9 d (10 a)−1、2.2 d (10 a)−1,其中开始日提前对长度延长的影响更大。此外,中国平均生长季开始日提前和长度增加主要源于春季升温,而结束日推迟则与秋季变暖有关。
  • 图  1  1961~2018年中国年平均(a)GSS(日序数)、(b)GSE(日序数)和(c)GSL(单位:d)

    Figure  1.  Climatological distribution for (a) GSS (Start of the Growing Season, Julian days), (b) GSE (End of the Growing Season, Julian days), and (c) GSL (Growing Season Length, units: d) across China during 1961–2018

    图  2  1961~2018年中国及其各分区平均(a)GSS、(b)GSE和(c)GSL的时间序列

    Figure  2.  Time series of regional averages of (a) GSS, (b) GSE, and (c) GSL across China and its subregions during 1961–2018

    图  3  1961~2018年中国(a)GSS、(b)GSE和(c)GSL的变化趋势[单位:d (10 a)−1],打点区域通过0.05显著性水平的显著性检验

    Figure  3.  Trends [units: d (10 a)−1)] in (a) GSS, (b) GSE, and (c) GSL across China during 1961–2018, dotted areas are statistically significant at the 0.05 level

    图  4  1961~2018年中国(a)年、(b)春季、(c)夏季、(d)秋季和(e)冬季平均温度的变化趋势[单位:°C (10 a)−1],打点区域通过0.05显著性水平的显著性检验

    Figure  4.  Trends [units: °C (10 a)−1)] in annual and seasonal average temperatures for (a) annual, (b) spring, (c) summer, (d) autumn, and (e) winter across China during 1961–2018, dotted areas are statistically significant at the 0.05 level

    表  1  1961~2018年中国及其各分区平均GSS、GSE和GSL

    Table  1.   Regional average GSS (Start of the Growing Season), GSE (End of the Growing Season), and GSL (Growing Season Length) across China and its subregions during 1961–2018

    地区GSSGSE
    GSL/d
    日序数日期日序数日期
    中国903月31日30210月29日212
    东北1134月23日28710月14日174
    华北893月30日31111月7日222
    江淮412月10日34612月12日305
    华南71月7日35912月25日352
    西南613月2日32211月18日261
    青藏高原1566月5日2549月11日98
    西北1074月17日28510月12日178
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  1961~2018年中国及其各分区平均GSS、GSE和GSL的变化趋势[单位:d (10 a)−1)]

    Table  2.   Trends [units: d (10 a)−1)] in regional average GSS, GSE, and GSL across China and its subregions during 1961–2018

    地区变化趋势/d (10 a)−1
    GSSGSEGSL
    中国−1.3*0.9*2.2*
    东北−1.7*0.9*2.6*
    华北−1.9*0.6*2.5*
    江淮−2.4*0.83.2*
    华南−0.60.30.9*
    西南−1.1*1.0*2.1*
    青藏高原−1.3*2.0*3.4*
    西北−1.0*0.8*1.8*
    注:*表示通过0.05显著性水平的显著性检验。
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  3  1961~2018年中国及其各分区年平均和季节平均温度的变化趋势[单位:°C (10 a)−1]

    Table  3.   Trends [units: °C (10 a)−1)] in annual and seasonal average temperature across China and its subregions during 1961–2018

    地区平均温度的变化趋势/°C (10 a)−1
    春季夏季秋季冬季
    中国0.27*0.27*0.19*0.26*0.37*
    东北0.33*0.38*0.29*0.27*0.40*
    华北0.26*0.31*0.13*0.20*0.43*
    江淮0.18*0.26*0.020.17*0.27*
    华南0.17*0.13*0.11*0.20*0.23*
    西南0.18*0.13*0.14*0.20*0.26*
    青藏高原0.34*0.30*0.25*0.36*0.49*
    西北0.31*0.29*0.24*0.31*0.42*
    注:*表示通过0.05显著性水平的显著性检验。
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  4  1961~2018年中国及其各分区平均GSS、GSE和GSL变化与年平均和季节平均温度变化的相关系数

    Table  4.   Correlation coefficients between regional average changes in GSS, GSE, and GSL and those of annual and seasonal average temperatures across China and its subregions during 1961–2018

    地区与年平均和季节平均温度变化的相关系数
    GSSGSEGSL
    春季夏季秋季冬季春季夏季秋季冬季春季夏季秋季冬季
    中国−0.77*−0.78*−0.52*−0.45*−0.58*0.63*0.43*0.58*0.78*0.47*0.88*0.78*0.67*0.73*0.66*
    东北−0.59*−0.85*−0.23−0.16−0.28*0.47*0.32*0.230.62*0.32*0.67*0.78*0.28*0.44*0.37*
    华北−0.73*−0.88*−0.35*−0.24−0.43*0.40*0.170.150.80*0.31*0.82*0.84*0.37*0.59*0.52*
    江淮−0.58*−0.34*−0.05−0.26*−0.33*0.30*0.210.080.35*0.200.65*0.40*0.090.41*0.39*
    华南−0.25−0.080.14−0.10−0.190.010.090.160.170.31*0.240.11−0.060.170.32*
    西南−0.67*−0.60*−0.32*−0.40*−0.37*0.58*0.37*0.54*0.61*0.38*0.80*0.63*0.53*0.63*0.47*
    青藏高原−0.56*−0.57*−0.62*−0.39*−0.36*0.68*0.38*0.73*0.64*0.40*0.79*0.61*0.87*0.67*0.49*
    西北−0.65*−0.86*−0.53*−0.38*−0.41*0.45*0.180.38*0.70*0.33*0.72*0.71*0.59*0.68*0.48*
    注:*表示通过0.05显著性水平的显著性检验。
    下载: 导出CSV
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