高级检索

留言板

尊敬的读者、作者、审稿人, 关于本刊的投稿、审稿、编辑和出版的任何问题, 您可以本页添加留言。我们将尽快给您答复。谢谢您的支持!

姓名
邮箱
手机号码
标题
留言内容
验证码

气候学发展历程的回顾与若干启示

杨萍 许小峰 王志强

杨萍, 许小峰, 王志强. 2021. 气候学发展历程的回顾与若干启示[J]. 大气科学, 45(6): 1249−1258 doi: 10.3878/j.issn.1006-9895.2102.20238
引用本文: 杨萍, 许小峰, 王志强. 2021. 气候学发展历程的回顾与若干启示[J]. 大气科学, 45(6): 1249−1258 doi: 10.3878/j.issn.1006-9895.2102.20238
YANG Ping, XU Xiaofeng, WANG Zhiqiang. 2021. Review and Enlightenment of the Climatology Development Process [J]. Chinese Journal of Atmospheric Sciences (in Chinese), 45(6): 1249−1258 doi: 10.3878/j.issn.1006-9895.2102.20238
Citation: YANG Ping, XU Xiaofeng, WANG Zhiqiang. 2021. Review and Enlightenment of the Climatology Development Process [J]. Chinese Journal of Atmospheric Sciences (in Chinese), 45(6): 1249−1258 doi: 10.3878/j.issn.1006-9895.2102.20238

气候学发展历程的回顾与若干启示

doi: 10.3878/j.issn.1006-9895.2102.20238
基金项目: 中国气象局软科学重点项目“气象学科交叉与科技创新路径选择” 2021ZDIANXM13,国家自然科学基金项目41775078,中国气象局气象干部培训学院重点项目“气候学的发展历史预研”
详细信息
    作者简介:

    杨萍,女,1981年出生,研究员,主要从事城市气候学以及气象科技史等领域的研究。E-mail: zz96998@163.com

    通讯作者:

    许小峰,E-mail: xiaofeng_x@hotmial.com

  • 中图分类号: P467

Review and Enlightenment of the Climatology Development Process

Funds: Project for Soft Sciences, China Meteorological Administration “Interdisciplinary meteorology and Scientific and technological innovation path selection” (Grant 2021ZDIANXM13), National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant 41775078), Major Project of CMATC "Research of climatology development"
  • 摘要: 在人类对气候的漫长认知过程中,因涉及学科之广、贡献人物之多、关键事件之复杂导致后人试图完整准确地把握其脉络走向的努力极为困难。这就使得梳理古今中外几千年以来气候学的发展进程变得尤为重要,也成为气候学学科建设不可或缺的重要组成部分。本文试图在前人大量研究成果基础上,回顾气候学发展历程中的重要事件和关键人物,以时间脉络为主线,勾画出人类认识气候的基本轮廓,并以此为基础探讨其对当代气候学发展的启示。
  • [1] 陈国达. 1992. 中国地学大事典[M]. 济南: 山东科学技术出版社. Chen G D. 1992. The Significance of Geoscience in China[M]. Ji’ nan: Shandong Science and Technology Press.
    [2] 陈嘉映. 2007a. 从希腊天学到哥白尼革命 (上篇) [J]. 云南大学学报 (社会科学版), 6(1): 3−16. Chen J Y. 2007a. From Greek cosmology to Copernican revolution[J]. Journal of Yunnan University (Social Sciences Edition), 6(1): 3−16. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1671-7511.2007.01.001
    [3] 陈嘉映. 2007b. 从希腊天学到哥白尼革命(下篇) [J]. 云南大学学报(社会科学版), 6(2): 3−14. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1671-7511.2007.01.001

    Chen J Y. 2007b. From Greek cosmology to Copernican revolution (II) [J]. Journal of Yunnan University (Social Sciences Edition), 6(2): 3−14. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1671-7511.2007.01.001
    [4] Cox J D. 2002. Storm Watchers: The Turbulent History of Weather Prediction from Franklin’s Kite to El Niño [M]. New Jersey: John Wiley.
    [5] 丹皮尔 W C. 1975. 科学史及其与哲学和宗教的关系 [M]. 李珩, 译. 北京: 商务印书馆. Dampier W C. 1975. A History of Science and Its Relations with Philosophy and Religion (in Chinese) [M]. Li H, trans. Beijing: The Commercial Press.
    [6] 丁一汇, 王会军. 2016. 近百年中国气候变化科学问题的新认识 [J]. 科学通报, 61(10): 1029−1041. doi: 10.1360/N972015-00638

    Ding Y H, Wang H J. 2016. Newly acquired knowledge on the scientific issues related to climate change over the recent 100 years in China [J]. Chinese Science Bulletin, 61(10): 1029−1041. doi: 10.1360/N972015-00638
    [7] 洪世年, 陈文言. 1983. 中国气象史 [M]. 北京: 农业出版社. Hong S N, Chen W Y. 1983. Chinese Meteorological History (in Chinese) [M]. Beijing: Agriculture Press.
    [8] 姜海如, 赵同进, 彭莹辉. 2017. 中国古代气象 [M]. 北京: 气象出版社. Jiang H R, Zhao T J, Peng Y H. 2017. Meteorology in Ancient China (in Chinese) [M]. Beijing: China Meteorological Press.
    [9] 江晓原. 1997. 《周髀算经》与古代域外天学 [J]. 自然科学史研究, 16(3): 207–212. Jiang X Y. 1997. The Influence of foreign astronomy on Zhou Bi Suan Jing [J]. Studies in the History of Natural Sciences (in Chinese), 16(3): 207–212. 江晓原. 2018. 天学真原 [M]. 上海: 上海交通大学出版社. Jiang X Y. 2018. The Truth of Chinese Ancient Astronomy (in Chinese) [M]. Shanghai: Shanghai Jiao Tong University Press.
    [10] 凯瑟林∙库伦. 2011. 科学先锋——气象学 [M]. 刘彭, 译. 上海: 上海科学技术文献出版社. Cullen K. 2011. Pioneers in Science (in Chinese) [M]. Liu P, trans. Shanghai: Shanghai Scientific and Technological Literature Press.
    [11] 克拉伦斯∙格拉肯. 2017. 罗得岛海岸的痕迹——从古代到十八世纪末西方思想中的自然与文化 [M]. 梅小侃, 译. 北京: 商务印书馆. Glacken C J. 2017. Traces on the Rhodian Shore (in Chinese) [M]. Mei X K, trans. Beijing: The Commercial Press.
    [12] 劳埃德 G E R. 2004. 早期希腊科学: 从泰勒斯到亚里士多德 [M]. 孙小淳, 译. 上海: 上海科技教育出版社. Lloyd G E R. 2004. Early Greek Science (in Chinese) [M]. Sun X C, trans. Shanghai: Shanghai Science and Technology Education Press.
    [13] Leighly J. 1949. Climatology since the year 1800 [J]. Eos(5): 658−672. doi: 10.1029/TR030I005P00658
    [14] 李克让. 1996. 全球气候变化及其影响研究进展和未来展望 [J]. 地理学报, 51(S1): 1−14.

    Li K R. 1996. Research progress of global climate change and its impact and future prospect [J]. Acta Geographica Sinica, 51(S1): 1−14.
    [15] 柳又春. 1977. 日本气候学百年发展史 [J]. 气象科技(6): 38−30. doi: 10.19517/j.1671-6345.1977.06.015
    [16] 刘昭民. 1980. 中华气象学史 [M]. 台北: 台湾商务印书馆. Liu Z M. 1981. Meteorological History of China (in Chinese) [M]. Taipei: Taiwan Commercial Press.
    [17] 刘昭民. 1981. 西洋气象学史 [M]. 台北: 中国文化大学出版部. Liu Z M. 1981. Western Meteorological History (in Chinese) [M]. Taipei: Chinese Culture University Press.
    [18] 么枕生. 1990. 我国气候科学四十年来的蓬勃发展 [J]. 地理研究, 9(1): 59−77. doi: 10.11821/yj1990010009

    Yao Z S. 1990. Vigorous development of the science of climatology in China during the last forty years [J]. Geographical Research, 9(1): 59−77. doi: 10.11821/yj1990010009
    [19] 孙俊, 潘玉君, 贾星客, 等. 2011. 科学活动中心形成的历史地理基础 [J]. 科学学与科学技术管理, 32(11): 14−20.

    Sun J, Pan Y J, Jia X K, et al. 2011. The foundation of historical and geographical for the formation of scientific activities center [J]. Science of Science and Management of S. & T., 32(11): 14−20.
    [20] 王乃昂. 1998. 中西古代气候学的概念模式及其比较 [J]. 自然科学史研究, 17(1): 1−8.

    Wang N A. 1998. The conceptual models of ancient Chinese and western climatology and their comparison [J]. Studies in the History of Natural Sciences, 17(1): 1−8.
    [21] 王绍武. 2000. 20世纪气候学理论研究的十项成就 [J]. 地球科学进展, 15(3): 277−282. doi: 10.3321/j.issn:1001-8166.2000.03.007

    Wang S W. 2000. Ten items of the most important achievements in theoretical studies of climatology during 20th century [J]. Advances in Earth Science, 15(3): 277−282. doi: 10.3321/j.issn:1001-8166.2000.03.007
    [22] 王晓文, 王树恩. 2007. “三大中心”转移与“汤浅现象”的终结 [J]. 科学管理研究, 25(4): 36−38. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1004-115X.2007.04.010

    Wang X W, Wang S E. 2007. Shift of “Three Centers” and termination of Yuasa phenomenon [J]. Scientific Management Research, 25(4): 36−38. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1004-115X.2007.04.010
    [23] World Meteorological Organization. 1975. The Physical Basis of Climate and Climate Modeling [M]. Geneva: GARP Publications.
    [24] 吴增祥. 2007. 中国近代气象台站 [M]. 北京: 气象出版社. Wu Z X. 2007. Characteristics of Meteorological Observation in the Modern Times in China (in Chinese) [M]. Beijing: China Meteorological Press.
    [25] 萧放. 2002. 中国上古岁时观念论考 [J]. 西北民族研究(2): 85−96. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1001-5558.2002.02.018

    Xiao F. 2002. The textual research on the concepts of “Year and Time” in ancient China [J]. Northwest Minorities Research(2): 85−96. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1001-5558.2002.02.018
    [26] 徐宗泽. 2010. 明清间耶稣会士译著提要 [M]. 上海: 上海书店出版社. Xu Z Z. 2010. Introduction to the Translated Masterpieces of Christianity Preachers in Ming and Qing Dynasties in China (in Chinese) [M]. Shanghai: Shanghai Bookstore Publishing House.
    [27] 许小峰. 2020. 气候系统研究与HUBEX [J]. 气象科技进展, 10(5): 2−6. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.2095-1973.2020.05.001

    Xu X F. 2020. Research of climatic system and HUBEX [J]. Advances in Meteorological Science and Technology, 10(5): 2−6. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.2095-1973.2020.05.001
    [28] 徐淑英, 郑斯中. 1979. 三十年来我国的气候学研究工作 [J]. 地理学报, 34(4): 293−304. doi: 10.11821/xb197904002

    Xu S Y, Zheng S Z. 1979. Thirty years of climatology in China [J]. Acta Geographica Sinica, 34(4): 293−304. doi: 10.11821/xb197904002
    [29] 许小峰, 张萌. 2014. 气象科技发展历程的若干回顾及启示 [J]. 气象科技进展, 4(6): 6−12. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.2095-1973.2014.06.001

    Xu X F, Zhang M. 2014. Some reviews and inspirations on the development of meteorological science and technology [J]. Advances in Meteorological Science and Technology, 4(6): 6−12. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.2095-1973.2014.06.001
    [30] 杨丽娟. 2016. 慕维廉《地理全志》与西方地质学在中国的早期传播 [J]. 自然科学史研究, 35(1): 48−60.

    Yang L J. 2016. William Muirhead’s Dili Quanzhi and the early transmission of western geology in China [J]. Studies in the History of Natural Sciences, 35(1): 48−60.
    [31] 杨萍. 2016. 亚里士多德与《天象论》 [J]. 气象科技进展, 6(3): 160−163. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.2095-1973.2016.03.022

    Yang P. 2016. Aristotle and his meteorologica [J]. Advances in Meteorological Science and Technology, 6(3): 160−163. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.2095-1973.2016.03.022
    [32] 杨萍, 王志强. 2019. 近代海关气象发展及其历史启示 [J]. 阅江学刊, 6: 24−32.

    Yang P, Wang Z Q. 2019. Research on development of Chinese modern customs meteorology and its enlightenment [J]. Yue Jiang Academic Journal, 6: 24−32.
    [33] 杨萍, 叶梦姝, 陈正洪. 2014. 气象科技的古往今来 [M]. 北京: 气象出版社. Yang P, Ye M S, Chen Z H. 2014. The Past and Future of Meteorological Science and Technology (in Chinese) [M]. Beijing: China Meteorological Press.
    [34] 杨萍, 邓京勉, 张萌. 2018. 霍华德——为云而生的英国气象学之父 [J]. 气象科技进展, 8(2): 70−74. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.2095-1973.2018.02.013

    Yang P, Deng J M, Zhang M. 2018. Howard——Father of British meteorology who’s born for cloud [J]. Advances in Meteorological Science and Technology, 8(2): 70−74. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.2095-1973.2018.02.013
    [35] 伊迪斯·霍尔. 2019. 古希腊人: 从青铜时代的航海者到西方文明的领航员 [M]. 李崇华, 译. 上海: 上海社会科学院出版社. Hall E. 2019. Introducing the Ancient Greeks: From Bronze Age Seafarers to Navigators of the Western Mind (in Chinese) [M]. Li C H, trans. Shanghai: Shanghai Academy of Social Sciences Press.
    [36] 曾庆存, 王会军, 林朝晖, 等. 2003. 气候动力学与气候预测理论的研究 [J]. 大气科学, 27(4): 468−483. doi: 10.3878/j.issn.1006-9895.2003.04.04

    Zeng Q C, Wang H J, Lin Z H, et al. 2003. A study of the climate dynamics and climate prediction theory [J]. Chinese Journal of Atmospheric Sciences, 27(4): 468−483. doi: 10.3878/j.issn.1006-9895.2003.04.04
    [37] 张家诚. 1990. 《吕氏春秋》中有关气候论述的科学意义 [J]. 自然科学史研究, 9(4): 378−385.

    Zhang J C. 1990. The scientific significance of the climatological knowledge in Lü-Shi Chun-Qiu [J]. Studies in the History of Natural Sciences, 9(4): 378−385.
    [38] 张家诚. 1991. 中国气候总论 [M]. 北京: 气象出版社. Zhang J C. 1991. A Series of Climate for China (in Chinese) [M]. Beijing: China Meteorological Press.
    [39] 赵克仁. 1999. 浅谈古埃及的天文学 [J]. 阿拉伯世界(3): 58−59.同意.
    [40] 中国大百科全书总编辑委员会《地理学》编辑委员会. 1990. 中国大百科全书 地理学 [M]. 北京: 中国大百科全书出版社. Editorial Committee for Geography under Encyclopedia of China General Editorial Committee. 1990. Encyclopedia of China Geography (in Chinese) [M]. Beijing: Encyclopedia of China Publishing House.
    [41] 中山茂. 2017. “天”的科学史 [M]. 汪丽影, 谢云, 译. 南京: 南京大学出版社. Shigeru N. 2017. The Science History of Celestial (in Chinese) [M]. Wang L Y, Xie Y, trans. Nanjing: Nanjing University Press.
    [42] 周秀骥. 2005. 大气随机动力学与可预报性 [J]. 气象学报, 63(5): 806−811. doi: 10.3321/j.issn:0577-6619.2005.05.024

    Zhou X J. 2005. Atmospheric stochastic dynamics and predictability [J]. Acta Meteorologica Sinica, 63(5): 806−811. doi: 10.3321/j.issn:0577-6619.2005.05.024
    [43] 周天军, 陈晓龙, 吴波. 2019. 支撑“未来地球”计划的气候变化科学前沿问题 [J]. 科学通报, 64(19): 1967−1974. doi: 10.1360/N972018-00818

    Zhou T J, Chen X L, Wu B. 2019. Frontier issues on climate change science for supporting Future Earth [J]. Chinese Science Bulletin, 64(19): 1967−1974. doi: 10.1360/N972018-00818
    [44] 竺可桢. 1972. 中国近五千年来气候变迁的初步研究 [J]. 考古学报(1): 15−38.同意.
  • 加载中
计量
  • 文章访问数:  253
  • HTML全文浏览量:  110
  • PDF下载量:  138
  • 被引次数: 0
出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2020-11-26
  • 录用日期:  2021-05-14
  • 网络出版日期:  2021-05-27
  • 刊出日期:  2021-11-25

目录

    /

    返回文章
    返回