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冬季北太平洋风暴轴垂直结构的变化特征及其与我国极端低温事件的关系

王超 孙照渤 王娜

王超, 孙照渤, 王娜. 冬季北太平洋风暴轴垂直结构的变化特征及其与我国极端低温事件的关系[J]. 大气科学, 2016, 40(2): 401-410. doi: 10.3878/j.issn.1006-9895.1505.14345
引用本文: 王超, 孙照渤, 王娜. 冬季北太平洋风暴轴垂直结构的变化特征及其与我国极端低温事件的关系[J]. 大气科学, 2016, 40(2): 401-410. doi: 10.3878/j.issn.1006-9895.1505.14345
WANG Chao, SUN Zhaobo, WANG Na. Variation in the Vertical Structure of the Winter North Pacific Storm Track and Its Relationship with Extreme Low Temperature Activity in China[J]. Chinese Journal of Atmospheric Sciences, 2016, 40(2): 401-410. doi: 10.3878/j.issn.1006-9895.1505.14345
Citation: WANG Chao, SUN Zhaobo, WANG Na. Variation in the Vertical Structure of the Winter North Pacific Storm Track and Its Relationship with Extreme Low Temperature Activity in China[J]. Chinese Journal of Atmospheric Sciences, 2016, 40(2): 401-410. doi: 10.3878/j.issn.1006-9895.1505.14345

冬季北太平洋风暴轴垂直结构的变化特征及其与我国极端低温事件的关系

doi: 10.3878/j.issn.1006-9895.1505.14345
基金项目: 公益性行业(气象)科研专项GYHY201306028,国家自然科学基金资助项目41575070、41075070

Variation in the Vertical Structure of the Winter North Pacific Storm Track and Its Relationship with Extreme Low Temperature Activity in China

  • 摘要: 采用NCEP/NCAR和ERA-40再分析资料,对比分析了冬季垂直尺度上北太平洋风暴轴的时空演变特征,揭示了北太平风暴轴垂直结构具有显著年际变化特征。冬季北太平洋风暴轴垂直结构主要呈现出全区一致、上下反相两种分布型,细分为全区一致增强型、全区一致减弱型、上层增强下层减弱型和上层减弱下层增强型。研究表明:冬季北太平洋风暴轴的垂直结构与我国极端低温事件的关系密切,风暴轴呈全区一致增强(全区一致减弱)型垂直结构时,我国整体区域极端低温频次偏少(多);风暴轴呈上层增强下层减弱(上层减弱下层增强)型垂直结构时,我国东北地区极端低温频次偏多(少),其余地区偏少(多)。
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