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ENSO冷暖位相影响东亚冬季风与东亚夏季风联系的非对称性

徐霈强 冯娟 陈文

徐霈强, 冯娟, 陈文. ENSO冷暖位相影响东亚冬季风与东亚夏季风联系的非对称性[J]. 大气科学, 2016, 40(4): 831-840. doi: 10.3878/j.issn.1006-9895.1509.15192
引用本文: 徐霈强, 冯娟, 陈文. ENSO冷暖位相影响东亚冬季风与东亚夏季风联系的非对称性[J]. 大气科学, 2016, 40(4): 831-840. doi: 10.3878/j.issn.1006-9895.1509.15192
XU Peiqiang, FENG Juan, CHEN Wen. Asymmetric Role of ENSO in the Link between the East Asian Winter Monsoon and the Following Summer Monsoon[J]. Chinese Journal of Atmospheric Sciences, 2016, 40(4): 831-840. doi: 10.3878/j.issn.1006-9895.1509.15192
Citation: XU Peiqiang, FENG Juan, CHEN Wen. Asymmetric Role of ENSO in the Link between the East Asian Winter Monsoon and the Following Summer Monsoon[J]. Chinese Journal of Atmospheric Sciences, 2016, 40(4): 831-840. doi: 10.3878/j.issn.1006-9895.1509.15192

ENSO冷暖位相影响东亚冬季风与东亚夏季风联系的非对称性

doi: 10.3878/j.issn.1006-9895.1509.15192
基金项目: 国家自然科学基金项目41230527、41461144001

Asymmetric Role of ENSO in the Link between the East Asian Winter Monsoon and the Following Summer Monsoon

  • 摘要: 东亚冬季风(East Asian Winter Monsoon,简称EAWM)和东亚夏季风(East Asian Summer Monsoon,简称EASM)作为东亚季风系统的两个组成部分,他们之间存在显著的转换关系。前人的研究表明EAWM与次年EASM的转换关系只有在ENSO事件发生时才显著,然而这些研究都是基于ENSO对大气环流的影响是对称的这一假设下进行的。本文的研究表明EAWM和次年EASM的转换关系在ENSO冷暖事件中存在着明显的不对称性。通过将EAWM分为与ENSO有关的部分(EAWMEN)和与ENSO无关的部分(EAWMRES),我们发现在强EAWMEN年(即La Niña年),在西北太平洋会存在一个从冬季维持到次年夏季的气旋性环流异常(the anomalous western North Pacific Cyclone,WNPC),从而造成EASM偏弱;而在弱EAWMEN年(即El Niño年时),在西北太平洋会存在一个从冬季维持到次年夏季的反气旋性环流异常(the anomalous western North Pacific anticyclone,WNPAC),从而引起次年EASM偏强。比较而言,WNPAC的位置比WNPC的位置偏南,且强度更强,因而在El Niño年能够引起次年EASM更大幅度的增强。造成这一不对称联系的主要原因是热带太平洋和印度洋异常海温的演变差异。在强EAWMEN年,热带太平洋的负海温异常衰减地较慢,使得在次年夏季仍然维持着显著的负异常海温;相反,在弱EAWMEN年,热带太平洋的正海温异常衰减地较快,以至于在次年夏季的异常海温信号已经基本消失,但此时印度洋却有着显著的暖海温异常。海温演变的差异进一步造成了大气环流的差异,从而导致EAWM与次年EASM联系的不对称性。
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