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东亚夏季风活动与不同类型云的相关性研究

寇雄伟 李昀英 方乐锌 孙国荣 高翠翠

寇雄伟, 李昀英, 方乐锌, 孙国荣, 高翠翠. 东亚夏季风活动与不同类型云的相关性研究[J]. 大气科学, 2016, 40(3): 463-475. doi: 10.3878/j.issn.1006-9895.1511.14293
引用本文: 寇雄伟, 李昀英, 方乐锌, 孙国荣, 高翠翠. 东亚夏季风活动与不同类型云的相关性研究[J]. 大气科学, 2016, 40(3): 463-475. doi: 10.3878/j.issn.1006-9895.1511.14293
KOU Xiongwei, LI Yunying, FANG Lexin, SUN Guorong, GAO Cuicui. Relationships between East Asian Summer Monsoon Activities and Cloud Types[J]. Chinese Journal of Atmospheric Sciences, 2016, 40(3): 463-475. doi: 10.3878/j.issn.1006-9895.1511.14293
Citation: KOU Xiongwei, LI Yunying, FANG Lexin, SUN Guorong, GAO Cuicui. Relationships between East Asian Summer Monsoon Activities and Cloud Types[J]. Chinese Journal of Atmospheric Sciences, 2016, 40(3): 463-475. doi: 10.3878/j.issn.1006-9895.1511.14293

东亚夏季风活动与不同类型云的相关性研究

doi: 10.3878/j.issn.1006-9895.1511.14293
基金项目: 财政部/科技部公益类行业专项201306068,国家自然科学基金项目41475069、41075034,国家留学基金项目

Relationships between East Asian Summer Monsoon Activities and Cloud Types

  • 摘要: 利用1998~2007年候平均卫星-台站融合降水资料以及ISCCP (International Satellite Cloud Climatology Project) D1云资料,分别定义了标准降水指数和两类云指数。降水指数大值区的移动能很好的表征东亚夏季风活动,两类云指数能分别反映某个区域深对流云(DC)、高积云(Ac)和积云(Cu)云量的集中变化特征。根据不同地区降水集中时段以及降水量等气候特征,结合中国气候区划(温度带及干湿区)及不同地域的地形特征,把中国大陆受东亚夏季风影响的地区划分为五个子区域。利用ISCCP D1云气候资料和降水资料,在候时间尺度上通过分析降水与不同云类、标准降水指数与两类云指数的相关性研究了东亚夏季风活动与不同类型云的对应关系。研究表明:ISCCP定义的深对流云(DC)、卷层云(Cs)与降水量在五个区显著正相关,表明东亚夏季风活动伴随有大量的对流云及云砧出现;高积云(Ac)、积云(Cu)的总云量与降水量在五个区显著负相关,表明夏季风活动增强时,Ac和Cu云量减少;层云(St)和层积云(Sc)与降水量在南方和北方分别呈显著的负相关和正相关,说明季风活动在南方伴随着对流云的显著增加,在北方则使层状云和对流云均有所增加;高层云(As)、卷云(Ci)和雨层云(Ns)与季风活动没有显著的相关性。
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