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1990年代末东亚北部地区夏季水汽输送年代际变化特征及其影响机制

胡泊 张志森 乔少博 龚志强

胡泊, 张志森, 乔少博, 龚志强. 1990年代末东亚北部地区夏季水汽输送年代际变化特征及其影响机制[J]. 大气科学, 2016, 40(5): 933-945. doi: 10.3878/j.issn.1006-9895.1512.15158
引用本文: 胡泊, 张志森, 乔少博, 龚志强. 1990年代末东亚北部地区夏季水汽输送年代际变化特征及其影响机制[J]. 大气科学, 2016, 40(5): 933-945. doi: 10.3878/j.issn.1006-9895.1512.15158
HU Po, ZHANG Zhisen, QIAO Shaobo, GONG Zhiqiang. The Interdecadal Variation and Physical Mechanism for the Summertime Water Vapor Transport in Northern East Asia in the Late 1990s[J]. Chinese Journal of Atmospheric Sciences, 2016, 40(5): 933-945. doi: 10.3878/j.issn.1006-9895.1512.15158
Citation: HU Po, ZHANG Zhisen, QIAO Shaobo, GONG Zhiqiang. The Interdecadal Variation and Physical Mechanism for the Summertime Water Vapor Transport in Northern East Asia in the Late 1990s[J]. Chinese Journal of Atmospheric Sciences, 2016, 40(5): 933-945. doi: 10.3878/j.issn.1006-9895.1512.15158

1990年代末东亚北部地区夏季水汽输送年代际变化特征及其影响机制

doi: 10.3878/j.issn.1006-9895.1512.15158
基金项目: 国家自然科学基金项目41575082、41205040、41375078,公益性行业专项GYHY201306021,国家重大基础研究计划项目2012CB955902

The Interdecadal Variation and Physical Mechanism for the Summertime Water Vapor Transport in Northern East Asia in the Late 1990s

  • 摘要: 利用1983~2011年降水量、环流和海温的再分析资料,探讨了东亚北部地区夏季水汽输送的年代际变化特征,并分析了前冬北大西洋海温对东亚北部地区夏季水汽输送与大气环流的可能影响。研究结果表明,20世纪90年代末期东亚北部地区夏季整层水汽与降水年代际的变化特征相一致,整层水汽通量的年代际变化主要是由于纬向水汽输送异常作用的结果。东亚北部地区(35°~55°N,90°~145°E)西边界的水汽输送通量由多变少,东边界的水汽输送通量由少变多特征则直接导致了该地区降水由偏多转为偏少的年代际变化。就外强迫海温角度来说,前冬北大西洋海温跟东亚北部地区夏季500 hPa高度场、850 hPa风场和850 hPa比湿均显著相关。同时,在20世纪90年代中后期前冬北大西洋海温也表现出由偏低向偏高转变的年代际变化特征,且由于海温自身的记忆性前冬的海温异常一直延续到夏季。并在夏季激发出横跨北大西洋和欧亚大陆中高纬度地区的大西洋-欧亚(AEA)遥相关结构,并进一步影响东亚北部地区夏季水汽输送。
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