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卫星遥感结合气象资料计算的青藏高原地面感热特征分析

戴逸飞 王慧 李栋梁

戴逸飞, 王慧, 李栋梁. 卫星遥感结合气象资料计算的青藏高原地面感热特征分析[J]. 大气科学, 2016, 40(5): 1009-1021. doi: 10.3878/j.issn.1006-9895.1512.15225
引用本文: 戴逸飞, 王慧, 李栋梁. 卫星遥感结合气象资料计算的青藏高原地面感热特征分析[J]. 大气科学, 2016, 40(5): 1009-1021. doi: 10.3878/j.issn.1006-9895.1512.15225
DAI Yifei, WANG Hui, LI Dongliang. Characteristics of Surface Sensible Heat Flux Calculated from Satellite Remote Sensing and Field Observations in the Tibetan Plateau[J]. Chinese Journal of Atmospheric Sciences, 2016, 40(5): 1009-1021. doi: 10.3878/j.issn.1006-9895.1512.15225
Citation: DAI Yifei, WANG Hui, LI Dongliang. Characteristics of Surface Sensible Heat Flux Calculated from Satellite Remote Sensing and Field Observations in the Tibetan Plateau[J]. Chinese Journal of Atmospheric Sciences, 2016, 40(5): 1009-1021. doi: 10.3878/j.issn.1006-9895.1512.15225

卫星遥感结合气象资料计算的青藏高原地面感热特征分析

doi: 10.3878/j.issn.1006-9895.1512.15225
基金项目: 国家重点基础研究发展计划(973计划)项目2013CB956004,国家自然科学基金项目41305080、91337109,中科院寒旱区陆面过程和气候变化重点实验室开放课题LPCC201103,成都高原气象研究所开放课题IPM2011010,高原大气与环境四川省重点实验室开放课题PAEKL-2013-C3

Characteristics of Surface Sensible Heat Flux Calculated from Satellite Remote Sensing and Field Observations in the Tibetan Plateau

  • 摘要: 本文选取1981年7月至2012年12月美国国家航空和航天局(NASA)制作的归一化的动态植被指数(NDVI)资料、根据NDVI值计算地表热力输送系数(CH)的参数化关系式(CH-INDV)和青藏高原70个常规气象观测资料,计算了青藏高原全区的逐月地表热力输送系数(CH),讨论了其时空分布特征,并在此基础上计算了高原70个常规台站的感热通量(SSHF)序列,并与已有感热资料进行了对比。随后,探讨了地面感热通量的气候特征及其年际变化与气候因子的关系。结果表明:高原地区的CH值具有明显的空间差异和季节差异,表现为东高西低、夏季大、冬季小的特点。感热的年际变化在冬季主要响应于地气温差的变化,夏季则受地面风速影响较大;由于风速减小趋缓,地气温差增大,变化趋势在2003年前后由减弱趋势转变为增强趋势,这种趋势的转变最早发生在2001年秋季,且在高原全区具有较好的一致性。
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