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内蒙古东部春季三类沙尘天气气溶胶散射系数及其与PM10、能见度相关性分析

王天舒 牛生杰

王天舒, 牛生杰. 内蒙古东部春季三类沙尘天气气溶胶散射系数及其与PM10、能见度相关性分析[J]. 大气科学, 2017, 41(1): 121-131. doi: 10.3878/j.issn.1006-9895.1603.15289
引用本文: 王天舒, 牛生杰. 内蒙古东部春季三类沙尘天气气溶胶散射系数及其与PM10、能见度相关性分析[J]. 大气科学, 2017, 41(1): 121-131. doi: 10.3878/j.issn.1006-9895.1603.15289
Tianshu WANG, Shengjie NIU. Dust Aerosol Scattering Coefficient under Three Types of Sand Storm in Eastern Inner Mongolia in the Spring and Its Correlations with PM10 and Visibility[J]. Chinese Journal of Atmospheric Sciences, 2017, 41(1): 121-131. doi: 10.3878/j.issn.1006-9895.1603.15289
Citation: Tianshu WANG, Shengjie NIU. Dust Aerosol Scattering Coefficient under Three Types of Sand Storm in Eastern Inner Mongolia in the Spring and Its Correlations with PM10 and Visibility[J]. Chinese Journal of Atmospheric Sciences, 2017, 41(1): 121-131. doi: 10.3878/j.issn.1006-9895.1603.15289

内蒙古东部春季三类沙尘天气气溶胶散射系数及其与PM10、能见度相关性分析

doi: 10.3878/j.issn.1006-9895.1603.15289
基金项目: 

国家自然科学基金项目 Grant 41375138

详细信息
    作者简介:

    王天舒,女,1992年出生,硕士研究生,主要从事云雾降水物理学研究。E-mail:wangts14@nuist.edu.cn

    通讯作者:

    牛生杰,E-mail:niusj@nuist.edu.cn

  • 中图分类号: P427.2

Dust Aerosol Scattering Coefficient under Three Types of Sand Storm in Eastern Inner Mongolia in the Spring and Its Correlations with PM10 and Visibility

Funds: 

National Natural Science Foundation of China Grant 41375138

  • 摘要: 利用内蒙古东胜、锡林浩特两站2004~2006年春季(3~5月)积分浊度计的观测资料,结合同期PM10质量浓度、大气能见度等资料,分析了背景、扬沙、沙尘暴、强沙尘暴等不同强度沙尘天气气溶胶散射系数的分布特征,讨论了不同强度沙尘天气过程中散射系数、PM10、能见度的日变化规律,以及不同强度沙尘天气过程中散射系数与PM10质量浓度、散射系数与能见度的相关关系。结果表明:散射系数能够很好地反映沙尘天气强度;随沙尘天气强度增强,散射系数日变化从双峰型向单峰型转变;沙尘天气强度较弱时,PM10与散射系数的日变化不相似,强沙尘暴过程中PM10与散射系数的日变化有一定的相似性;能见度与散射系数日变化趋势相反;散射系数与PM10质量浓度呈正相关性,沙尘天气越强,相关性越好,背景、扬沙、沙尘暴、强沙尘暴相关系数分别为0.201、0.809、0.898和0.953;散射系数与能见度有指数相关关系,随沙尘天气强度增强二者相关性逐渐增强,背景、扬沙、沙尘暴、强沙尘暴相关系数分别为-0.773、-0.870、-0.918和-0.940。
  • 图  1  (a)2004年、(b)2005年和(c)2006年春季散射系数逐日变化。图中A、B、C分别表示2004年3月26~28日、2005年4月27~28日和2006年4月16~18日强沙尘暴

    Figure  1.  Daily variations of the aerosol scattering coefficient in the springs of (a) 2004, (b) 2005, and (c) 2006. A, B, C represent strong dust storm during 26–28 March, 2004, 27–28 April, 2005, and 16–18 April, 2006, respectively

    图  2  东胜站2006年春季(a)PM10质量浓度、总悬浮颗粒物(TSP)和(b)干沉降变化规律。(a)中A、B分别表示2006年3月9~12日、2006年4月16~18日强沙尘暴

    Figure  2.  Temporal variations of the mass concentration of (a) PM10, total suspended particle (TSP), and (b) dry deposition during the spring of 2006 at Dongsheng observatory. A and B represent strong dust storm during 9–12 March, 2006, and 16–18 April, 2006, respectively

    图  3  锡林浩特站(a)散射系数、(b)PM10质量浓度和(c)能见度的日变化

    Figure  3.  Diurnal variations of (a) the aerosol scattering coefficient, (b) the mass concentration of PM10, and (c) the visibility at Xilinhot observatory

    图  4  东胜站(a)散射系数、(b)PM10质量浓度的日变化

    Figure  4.  Diurnal variations of (a) the aerosol scattering coefficient and (b) the mass concentration of PM10 at Dongsheng observatory

    图  5  四种天气下东胜站(左列)、锡林浩特站(右列)气溶胶散射系数与 PM10 质量浓度的相关关系:( a1、 a2)背景大气;( b1、 b2)扬沙天气过程;( c1、 c2)沙尘暴天气过程;( d1、 d2)强沙尘暴天气过程

    Figure  5.  The relationship between the aerosol scattering coefficient and the mass concentration of PM10 at Dongsheng observatory (left column) and Xilinhot observatory (right column): (a1, a2) Background atmosphere, (b1, b2) sand blowing weather process, (c1, c2) dust storm weather process, (d1, d2) strong dust storm weather process

    图  6  锡林浩特散射系数与能见度的相关关系:( a)背景大气;( b)扬沙天气过程;( c)沙尘暴天气过程;( d)强沙尘暴天气过程

    Figure  6.  The relationship between the aerosol scattering coefficient and visibility at Xilinhot observatory: (a) Background atmosphere, (b) sand blowing weather process, (c) dust storm weather process, (d) strong dust storm weather process

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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2015-10-19
  • 网络出版日期:  2016-03-15
  • 刊出日期:  2017-01-15

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