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冬、夏季热带及副热带穿透性对流气候特征分析

刘鹏 王雨 冯沙 李崇银 傅云飞

刘鹏, 王雨, 冯沙, 李崇银, 傅云飞. 冬、夏季热带及副热带穿透性对流气候特征分析[J]. 大气科学, 2012, 36(3): 579-589. doi: 10.3878/j.issn.1006-9895.2011.11109
引用本文: 刘鹏, 王雨, 冯沙, 李崇银, 傅云飞. 冬、夏季热带及副热带穿透性对流气候特征分析[J]. 大气科学, 2012, 36(3): 579-589. doi: 10.3878/j.issn.1006-9895.2011.11109
LIU Peng, WANG Yu, FENG Sha, LI Chongyin, FU Yunfei. Climatological Characteristics of Overshooting Convective Precipitation in Summer and Winter over the Tropical and Subtropical Regions[J]. Chinese Journal of Atmospheric Sciences, 2012, 36(3): 579-589. doi: 10.3878/j.issn.1006-9895.2011.11109
Citation: LIU Peng, WANG Yu, FENG Sha, LI Chongyin, FU Yunfei. Climatological Characteristics of Overshooting Convective Precipitation in Summer and Winter over the Tropical and Subtropical Regions[J]. Chinese Journal of Atmospheric Sciences, 2012, 36(3): 579-589. doi: 10.3878/j.issn.1006-9895.2011.11109

冬、夏季热带及副热带穿透性对流气候特征分析

doi: 10.3878/j.issn.1006-9895.2011.11109
基金项目: 国家重点基础研究发展计划项目2010CB428601, 中国科学院科技创新项目KZCX2-YW-Q11-04、KZCX2-EW-QN507、KJCX2-YW-N25, 国家公益性行业支撑项目GYHY200906002、GYHY200706032, 国家科技基础性工作专项2007FY110700, 国家自然科学基金资助项目40730950、40805008, 中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金WK2080000002

Climatological Characteristics of Overshooting Convective Precipitation in Summer and Winter over the Tropical and Subtropical Regions

  • 摘要: 文中利用热带测雨卫星 (TRMM) 搭载的测雨雷达 (PR) 1998~2007年的探测结果, 就热带及副热带地区穿透性对流的频次、条件降水强度及垂直廓线等特征进行了分析。研究结果表明: 深对流和穿透性对流都主要发生在热带辐合带 ( ITCZ)、南太平洋辐合带 (SPCZ)、亚洲季风区、20°N以南的非洲以及美洲等地区, 它们的空间分布具有明显的地域性和季节变化特征, 而且陆地深对流更容易发展成为穿透性对流, 但绝大部分地区的穿透性对流频次不超过0.2%。对穿透性对流条件降水强度的分析表明, 热带及副热带大部分地区的穿透性对流条件降水强度在10 mm/h以上, 且洋面的条件降水强度要比陆地大, 但由于其频次较小导致其对总降水的贡献并不大。尽管深对流和穿透性对流降水廓线的外形比较相似, 但相同的高度, 深对流的降水强度要比穿透性对流偏小, 而且这种差异随海陆和纬度的不同而有所区别。此外, 热带地区 (15°S~15°N) 冬、夏季深对流和穿透性对流降水廓线都只存在较小差异, 并没有显示出明显的季节变化。
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  • 收稿日期:  2011-06-09
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