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近几十年青藏高原夏季风变化趋势及其对中国东部降水的影响

华维 范广洲 王炳赟

华维, 范广洲, 王炳赟. 近几十年青藏高原夏季风变化趋势及其对中国东部降水的影响[J]. 大气科学, 2012, 36(4): 784-794. doi: 10.3878/j.issn.1006-9895.2012.11173
引用本文: 华维, 范广洲, 王炳赟. 近几十年青藏高原夏季风变化趋势及其对中国东部降水的影响[J]. 大气科学, 2012, 36(4): 784-794. doi: 10.3878/j.issn.1006-9895.2012.11173
Hua Wei, Fan Guangzhou, WANG Bingyun. Variation of Tibetan Plateau Summer Monsoon and Its Effect on Precipitation in East China[J]. Chinese Journal of Atmospheric Sciences, 2012, 36(4): 784-794. doi: 10.3878/j.issn.1006-9895.2012.11173
Citation: Hua Wei, Fan Guangzhou, WANG Bingyun. Variation of Tibetan Plateau Summer Monsoon and Its Effect on Precipitation in East China[J]. Chinese Journal of Atmospheric Sciences, 2012, 36(4): 784-794. doi: 10.3878/j.issn.1006-9895.2012.11173

近几十年青藏高原夏季风变化趋势及其对中国东部降水的影响

doi: 10.3878/j.issn.1006-9895.2012.11173
基金项目: 国家重点基础研究发展计划2009CB421406, 中挪国际合作项目 “Exploring decadal to century scale variability and changes in the East Asian climate during the last Millennium (East Asia DecCen)”, 国家自然科学基金资助项目 40875053, 国家科技支撑计划 2009BAC51B03, 公益性行业(气象)科研专项GYHY201006023, 高原大气与环境四川省重点实验室开放课题 PAEKL-2010-K1

Variation of Tibetan Plateau Summer Monsoon and Its Effect on Precipitation in East China

  • 摘要: 根据NCEP/NCAR、NCEP/DOE和ERA40再分析资料以及中国596个台站逐月降水观测资料,利用相关分析、小波分析和交叉谱分析等统计方法,分析了近几十年青藏高原夏季风变化趋势及其对中国东部降水的影响,探讨了影响高原夏季风长期变化的可能原因.结果表明:高原夏季风具有年际和年代际的多时间尺度变化特征,在1958~2010年呈显著增强趋势,同时也存在明显的年际变化.进一步分析发现,高原夏季风异常增强时,亚洲季风区大气环流出现显著变化,季风环流减弱,并伴随东亚季风降水异常,华南和华北降水减少,长江中下游地区降水增加.高原夏季风的增强趋势可能与对流层中层青藏高原—周边陆地热力差异(尤其是高原—东部平原热力差异)增大有关.
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  • 收稿日期:  2011-09-26
  • 修回日期:  2012-03-09

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