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欧亚大陆春季融雪量与东亚夏季风的可能联系

许立言 武炳义

许立言, 武炳义. 欧亚大陆春季融雪量与东亚夏季风的可能联系[J]. 大气科学, 2012, 36(6): 1180-1190. doi: 10.3878/j.issn.1006-9895.2012.12001
引用本文: 许立言, 武炳义. 欧亚大陆春季融雪量与东亚夏季风的可能联系[J]. 大气科学, 2012, 36(6): 1180-1190. doi: 10.3878/j.issn.1006-9895.2012.12001
XU Liyan, WU Bingyi. Linkage between Spring Eurasian Snowmelt and East Asian Summer Monsoon[J]. Chinese Journal of Atmospheric Sciences, 2012, 36(6): 1180-1190. doi: 10.3878/j.issn.1006-9895.2012.12001
Citation: XU Liyan, WU Bingyi. Linkage between Spring Eurasian Snowmelt and East Asian Summer Monsoon[J]. Chinese Journal of Atmospheric Sciences, 2012, 36(6): 1180-1190. doi: 10.3878/j.issn.1006-9895.2012.12001

欧亚大陆春季融雪量与东亚夏季风的可能联系

doi: 10.3878/j.issn.1006-9895.2012.12001
基金项目: 国家自然科学基金项目40921003、40875052;国家公益性行业(气象)专项项目GYHY200906017;国家重点基础研究发展规划项目2007CB411505

Linkage between Spring Eurasian Snowmelt and East Asian Summer Monsoon

  • 摘要: 通过对观测资料的分析, 本文研究了春季欧亚大陆融雪量与东亚夏季风的关系, 并初步讨论了其可能联系机制。研究表明, 春季融雪量EOF (Empirical Orthogonal Function) 第一模态表现出年代际变化特征, 这与东亚夏季风和中国夏季降水的年代际转型具有非常好的一致性。而EOF第二模态与东亚夏季风在年际尺度上具有同位相变化关系, 当春季融雪量在东西伯利亚和巴尔喀什湖附近异常偏多时, 后期在东亚地区容易出现由高纬至低纬的“负—正—负”经向波列结构。融雪量异常偏少时, 情况则相反。文中初步分析了春季融雪量异常与后期夏季东亚地区大气环流出现经向波列结构的可能联系机制, 指出东西伯利亚以及巴尔喀什湖附近异常偏多的春季融雪量能够在该地区促使位势高度场表现为正异常, 随着时间的演变, 巴尔喀什湖附近地区的高压向东移动发展, 东西伯利亚地区的高压一部分向低纬移动, 可能造成夏季东亚地区的经向波列结构, 进而对东亚的天气和气候产生影响。
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  • 收稿日期:  2011-12-31
  • 修回日期:  2012-05-07

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