Using the global monthly mean sea level pressure data, geopotential height, and wind field data as well as the rainfall and temperature data from 160 stations in China, the authors further analyze the temporal variation characters of dipole modes and the relationship between dipole modes and winter climate anomalies in China after studied spatial structure of the sea level pressure anomaly dipole oscillations (dipole modes) over the Asia-Pacific region (20°N-70°N,40°E-120°W) in winter (December to February). The results show that: During the past half century, the winter sea level pressure anomalies (SLPA) over the Asia-Pacific region mainly character with a negative anomalies of meridionaltype dipole mode (ME) and a positive anomalies of zonaltype dipole mode (ZO), while the later one occurrs in a higher frequency. Corresponding to MEmode, there are similarities between geopotential height anomalies and the correlation coefficient distribution of height field and the MEI; on the other side, it takes a consistency feature with a high correlation center over the Aleutian region corresponding to ZOmode, which manifest that the variation of Aleutian Low plays an important role for them. The MEmode is close related to precipitation anomalies and temperature anomalies in the eastern of China in winter. However, because of the relatively weak influence of the ZOmode on the atmospheric circulation anomalies over East Asia, the ZOmode only affected the rainfall anomalies in Northeast China. This result challenges the traditional concerning about the zonal pressure difference (mainly represent ZOmode) in winter and means we should pay more attention to the MEmode. After analyzing of the atmospheric circulation, the authors found that when the MEI is positive anomaly, which means that the pressure field shows a positive anomaly over the northern half of Siberia-Mongolia high and a negative anomaly over subtropical Northwestern Pacific region, this is helpful to enhance and deepen of the East Asia trough, then the East Asian winter monsoon will be stronger, too. However, at this time, the Eastern China region is mainly controlled by sinking air and the warm humid air can not continuously be transported to there, which results in the lack of rainfall over there, especially over the Yangtze River basin. On the contrary, when it is in MEI negative phase, the atmospheric circulation anomaly is conducive to result in a wide range of precipitation in eastern China.