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北半球大气环流及其冬季风的年代际变化对青藏高原冬季降雪的影响

王澄海 李燕 王艺

王澄海, 李燕, 王艺. 北半球大气环流及其冬季风的年代际变化对青藏高原冬季降雪的影响[J]. 气候与环境研究, 2015, 20(4): 421-432. doi: 10.3878/j.issn.1006-9585.2015.14169
引用本文: 王澄海, 李燕, 王艺. 北半球大气环流及其冬季风的年代际变化对青藏高原冬季降雪的影响[J]. 气候与环境研究, 2015, 20(4): 421-432. doi: 10.3878/j.issn.1006-9585.2015.14169
WANG Chenghai, LI Yan, WANG Yi. Impacts of Interdecadal Variability of Circulation and Winter Monsoon on Winter Snowfall over the Tibetan Plateau[J]. Climatic and Environmental Research, 2015, 20(4): 421-432. doi: 10.3878/j.issn.1006-9585.2015.14169
Citation: WANG Chenghai, LI Yan, WANG Yi. Impacts of Interdecadal Variability of Circulation and Winter Monsoon on Winter Snowfall over the Tibetan Plateau[J]. Climatic and Environmental Research, 2015, 20(4): 421-432. doi: 10.3878/j.issn.1006-9585.2015.14169

北半球大气环流及其冬季风的年代际变化对青藏高原冬季降雪的影响

doi: 10.3878/j.issn.1006-9585.2015.14169
基金项目: 国家重点基础研究发展计划2013CBA01808,国家自然科学基金项目41275061、91437217、41471034、41440035

Impacts of Interdecadal Variability of Circulation and Winter Monsoon on Winter Snowfall over the Tibetan Plateau

  • 摘要: 对1961~2010年间北半球大气环流背景异常变化及其东亚冬季风指数(东亚大槽位置指数-CW、西伯利亚高压指数-SH)与青藏高原降雪之间在年代际尺度上的相关关系进行了分析,结果表明:北半球冬季行星波年代际尺度上的异常导致了青藏高原地区冬季降雪在年代际尺度上的变化,北半球行星波“冬三(波)”流型的年代际尺度变化是青藏高原地区冬季降雪年代际尺度上增加/减少的环流背景;青藏高原冬季降雪与东亚冬季风之间也存在着年代际尺度上的显著相关。相对于1961~1986年间的冬季风减弱,青藏高原地区冬季降雪量呈现出增加趋势。结果也指出,青藏高原地区的冬季降雪、CW和SH在1986年前后存在一次显著的突变;突变后北半球冬季三波流型明显增强,青藏高原地区的降雪也相应发生了由多到少的变化。
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