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Volume 9 Issue 3

Jul.  1992

Article Contents

Wintertime Stratospheric Anomalies-Part I: Warm Pools


doi: 10.1007/BF02656940

  • The stratospheric worm pools, called the 4-day wave also, are mainly the temperature anomalies in the polar re-gions of winter hemisphere. It will be shown that their occurrence, propagation speed and specific structure can be explained by the lower frequency coherent heating resulting from the wave interaction in the breaking layers of the stratosphere. Although their vertical phase slope is negligibly small, the warm pools cannot be considered as a barotropic anomaly.
  • [1] Y. L. McHall, 1992: Wintertime Stratospheric Anomalies-Part II: Sudden Warmings, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 9, 311-322.  doi: 10.1007/BF02656941
    [2] ZHANG Yuli, LIU Yi, LIU Chuanxi, V. F. SOFIEVA, 2015: Satellite Measurements of the Madden-Julian Oscillation in Wintertime Stratospheric Ozone over the Tibetan Plateau and East Asia, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 32, 1481-1492.  doi: 10.1007/s00376-015-5005-y
    [3] Melinda S. PENG, Jiayi PENG, Tim LI, Eric HENDRICKS, 2014: Effect of Baroclinicity on Vortex Axisymmetrization. Part I: Barotropic Basic Vortex, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 31, 1256-1266.  doi: 10.1007/s00376-014-3237-x
    [4] T.N.Krishnamurti, Sheng Jian, 1985: THE HEATING FIELD IN AN ASYMMETRIC HURRICANE -PART I:SCALE ANALYSIS, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 2, 402-413.  doi: 10.1007/BF02677256
    [5] Y. L. McHall, 1993: Large Scale Perturbations in Extratropical Atmosphere-Part I: On Rossby Waves, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 10, 169-180.  doi: 10.1007/BF02919139
    [6] Yong L. McHall, 1993: Group Velocity of Anisotropic Waves-Part I: Mathematical Expression, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 10, 393-406.  doi: 10.1007/BF02656964
    [7] Yong. L. McHall, 1991: Planetary Stationary Waves in the Atmosphere Part I: Orographic Stationary Waves, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 8, 211-224.  doi: 10.1007/BF02658095
    [8] Tao WANG, Qiang FU, Wenshou TIAN, Hongwen LIU, Yifeng PENG, Fei XIE, Hongying TIAN, Jiali LUO, 2023: The Influence of Meridional Variation in North Pacific Sea Surface Temperature Anomalies on the Arctic Stratospheric Polar Vortex, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 40, 2262-2278.  doi: 10.1007/s00376-022-2033-2
    [9] Yan XIA, Yongyun HU, Jiankai ZHANG, Fei XIE, Wenshou TIAN, 2021: Record Arctic Ozone Loss in Spring 2020 is Likely Caused by North Pacific Warm Sea Surface Temperature Anomalies, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 38, 1723-1736.  doi: 10.1007/s00376-021-0359-9
    [10] HAN Zhe, LI Shuanglin, MU Mu, 2011: The Role of Warm North Atlantic SST in the Formation of Positive Height Anomalies over the Ural Mountains during January 2008, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 28, 246-256.  doi: 10.1007/s00376-010-0069-1
    [11] Hengyi WENG, 2012: Impacts of Multi-Scale Solar Activity on Climate. Part I: Atmospheric Circulation Patterns and Climate Extremes, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 29, 867-886.  doi: 10.1007/s00376-012-1238-1
    [12] Zeng Xinmin, Zhao Ming, Su Bingkai, 2000: A Numerical Study on Effects of Land-Surface Heterogeneity from “Combined Approach” on Atmospheric Process Part I: Principle and Method, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 17, 103-120.  doi: 10.1007/s00376-000-0047-0
    [13] ZHANG Rong-Hua, 2015: A Hybrid Coupled Model for the Pacific Ocean-Atmosphere System. Part I: Description and Basic Performance, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 32, 301-318.  doi: 10.1007/s00376-014-3266-5
    [14] Xinghai ZHANG, Yihong DUAN, Yuqing WANG, Na WEI, Hao HU, 2017: A High-resolution Simulation of Supertyphoon Rammasun (2014) —— Part I: Model Verification and Surface Energetics Analysis, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 34, 757-770.  doi: 10.1007/s00376-017-6255-7
    [15] LIAN Yi, SHEN Baizhu, LI Shangfeng, ZHAO Bin, GAO Zongting, LIU Gang, LIU Ping, CAO Ling, 2013: Impacts of Polar Vortex, NPO, and SST Configurations on Unusually Cool Summers in Northeast China. Part I: Analysis and Diagnosis, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 30, 193-209.  doi: 10.1007/s00376-012-1258-x
    [16] XUE Haile, SHEN Xueshun, CHOU Jifan, 2015: An Online Model Correction Method Based on an Inverse Problem: Part I——Model Error Estimation by Iteration, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 32, 1329-1340.  doi: 10.1007/s00376-015-4261-1
    [17] Kate M. WILLETT, 2023: HadISDH.extremes Part I: A Gridded Wet Bulb Temperature Extremes Index Product for Climate Monitoring, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 40, 1952-1967.  doi: 10.1007/s00376-023-2347-8
    [18] Banghua YAN, Fuzhong WENG, 2008: Applications of AMSR-E Measurements for Tropical Cyclone Predictions Part I: Retrieval of Sea Surface Temperature and Wind Speed, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 25, 227-245.  doi: 10.1007/s00376-008-0227-x
    [19] Qiu Jinhuan, Zhou Xiuji, 1986: SIMULTANEOUS DETERMINATION OF AEROSOL SIZE DISTRIBUTION AND REFRACTIVE INDEX AND SURFACE ALBEDO FROM RADIANCE-PART I: THEORY, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 3, 162-171.  doi: 10.1007/BF02682550
    [20] Zeng Qingcun, Lu Peisheng, Li Rongfeng, Yuan Chongguang, 1986: EVOLUTION OF LARGE SCALE DISTURBANCES AND THEIR INTERACTION WITH MEAN FLOW IN A ROTATING BAROTROPIC ATMOSPHERE —PART I, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 3, 39-58.  doi: 10.1007/BF02682551

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Manuscript History

Manuscript received: 10 July 1992
Manuscript revised: 10 July 1992
通讯作者: 陈斌, bchen63@163.com
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Wintertime Stratospheric Anomalies-Part I: Warm Pools

  • 1. Dept. of Meteorology, University of Edinburgh, EH9 3JZ, U. K.

Abstract: The stratospheric worm pools, called the 4-day wave also, are mainly the temperature anomalies in the polar re-gions of winter hemisphere. It will be shown that their occurrence, propagation speed and specific structure can be explained by the lower frequency coherent heating resulting from the wave interaction in the breaking layers of the stratosphere. Although their vertical phase slope is negligibly small, the warm pools cannot be considered as a barotropic anomaly.

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