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Volume 9 Issue 3

Jul.  1992

Article Contents

Surface Pressure and Summer Monsoon Rainfall over India


doi: 10.1007/BF02656946

  • The relationship between the all-India summer monsoon rainfall and surface pressure over the Indian region has been examined to obtain a useful predictor for the monsoon rainfall. The data series of all-India monsoon rainfall and the mean pressures of three seasons before and after the monsoon season as well as the winter-to- spring pressure tendency (MAM-DJF) at 100 stations for the period 1951-1980 have been used in the analysis.The all-India monsoon rainfall is negatively correlated with the pressure of the spring (MAM) season preceding the monsoon and winter-to-spring seasonal difference as pressure tendency (MAM-DJF), at almost all the stations in India, and significantly with the pressures over central and northwestern regions. The average mean sea level pres?sure of six stations (Jodhpur, Ahmedabed, Bombay, Indore, Sagar and Akola) in the Western Central Indian (WCI) region showed highly significant (at 1% level) and consistent CCs of-0.63 for MAM and -0.56 for MAM-DJF for the period 1951-1980. Thus, the pre-monsoon seasonal pressure anomalies over WCI could provide a useful parameter for the long-range forecasting scheme of the Indian monsoon rainfall.
  • [1] Baek-Jo Kim, Sung-Euii Moon, Lu Riyu, R. H. Kripalani, 2002: Teleconnections: Summer Monsoon over Korea and India, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 19, 665-676.  doi: 10.1007/s00376-002-0006-z
    [2] R. H. Kripalani, S. V. Singh, 1993: Large Scale Aspects of India-China Summer Monsoon Rainfall, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 10, 71-84.  doi: 10.1007/BF02656955
    [3] A. Mary Selvam, 1993: A Universal Spectrum for Interannual Variability of Monsoon Rainfall over India, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 10, 221-226.  doi: 10.1007/BF02919144
    [4] J.R. Kulkarni, R.K. Verma, 1993: On the Spatio-Temporal Variations of the Tropopause Height over India and Indian Summer Monsoon Activity, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 10, 481-488.  doi: 10.1007/BF02656973
    [5] Swati Basu, K. J. Ramesh, Z. N. Begum, 1999: Medium Range Prediction of Summer Monsoon Activities over India vis-a-vis Their Correspondence with the Observational Features, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 16, 133-146.  doi: 10.1007/s00376-999-0009-0
    [6] Zhu Jinhong, Wang Shaowu, 2001: 80a-Oscillation of Summer Rainfall over the East Part of China and East-Asian Summer Monsoon, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 18, 1043-1051.  doi: 10.1007/s00376-007-0024-y
    [7] Chen Lieting, Wu Renguang, 2000: Interannual and Decadal Variations of Snow Cover over Qinghai-Xizang Plateau and Their Relationships to Summer Monsoon Rainfall in China, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 17, 18-30.  doi: 10.1007/s00376-000-0040-7
    [8] Zhang Renhe, 2001: Relations of Water Vapor Transport from Indian Monsoon with That over East Asia and the Summer Rainfall in China, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 18, 1005-1017.
    [9] S. V. Singh, S. R. Inamdar, R. H. Kripalani, K. D. Prasad, 1986: RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN 500 hPa RIDGE AXIS POSITIONS OVER THE INDIAN AND THE WEST PACIFIC REGIONS AND THE INDIAN SUMMER MONSOON RAINFALL, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 3, 349-359.  doi: 10.1007/BF02678655
    [10] Long WEN, Wei ZHANG, Cha YANG, Gang CHEN, Yajun HU, Hao ZHANG, 2023: Near Homogeneous Microphysics of the Record-Breaking 2020 Summer Monsoon Rainfall during the Northward Migration over East China, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 40, 1783-1798.  doi: 10.1007/s00376-023-2242-3
    [11] Hengchun YE, Zhenhao BAO, 2005: Eurasian Snow Conditions and Summer Monsoon Rainfall over South and Southeast Asia:Assessment and Comparison, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 22, 877-888.  doi: 10.1007/BF02918687
    [12] Chen SHENG, Bian HE, Guoxiong WU, Yimin LIU, Shaoyu ZHANG, 2022: Interannual Influences of the Surface Potential Vorticity Forcing over the Tibetan Plateau on East Asian Summer Rainfall, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 39, 1050-1061.  doi: 10.1007/s00376-021-1218-4
    [13] A.K.Kulkarmi, B.N.Mandal, R.S.Sangam, 1994: A Study of Heavy Rainfall of 8-10 June, 1991 over Maharashtra, India, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 11, 353-366.  doi: 10.1007/BF02658155
    [14] C. V. Singh, 1998: Relationships between Rainy Days, Mean Daily Intensity and Seasonal Rainfall in Normal, Flood and Drought Years over India, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 15, 424-432.  doi: 10.1007/s00376-998-0012-x
    [15] Ying NA, Riyu LU, 2023: The Concurrent Record-breaking Rainfall over Northwest India and North China in September 2021, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 40, 653-662.  doi: 10.1007/s00376-022-2187-y
    [16] A. Mary Selvam, J. S. Pethkar, M. K. Kulkarni, 1995: Some Unique Characteristics of Atmospheric Interannual Variability in Rainfall Time Series over India and the United Kingdom, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 12, 377-385.  doi: 10.1007/BF02656987
    [17] LI Tao, ZHENG Xiaogu, DAI Yongjiu, YANG Chi, CHEN Zhuoqi, ZHANG Shupeng, WU Guocan, WANG Zhonglei, HUANG Chengcheng, SHEN Yan, LIAO Rongwei, 2014: Mapping Near-surface Air Temperature, Pressure, Relative Humidity and Wind Speed over Mainland China with High Spatiotemporal Resolution, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 31, 1127-1135.  doi: 10.1007/s00376-014-3190-8
    [18] S.G. Narkhedkar, 1995: The Variability of the Interannual Oscillations of the Indian Summer Monsoon Rainfall, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 12, 95-102.  doi: 10.1007/BF02661291
    [19] Chen Longxun, Luo Shaohua, Shen Rugui, 1984: THE ASIAN SUMMER MONSOON AND ITS RELATIONS TO THE RAINFALL IN CHINA, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 1, 263-285.  doi: 10.1007/BF02678139
    [20] B.Parthasarathy, Song Yang, 1995: Relationships between Regional Indian Summer Monsoon Rainfall and Eurasian Snow Cover, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 12, 143-150.  doi: 10.1007/BF02656828

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Manuscript History

Manuscript received: 10 July 1992
Manuscript revised: 10 July 1992
通讯作者: 陈斌, bchen63@163.com
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Surface Pressure and Summer Monsoon Rainfall over India

  • 1. Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology, Pune-411008, India,Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology, Pune-411008, India,Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology, Pune-411008, India

Abstract: The relationship between the all-India summer monsoon rainfall and surface pressure over the Indian region has been examined to obtain a useful predictor for the monsoon rainfall. The data series of all-India monsoon rainfall and the mean pressures of three seasons before and after the monsoon season as well as the winter-to- spring pressure tendency (MAM-DJF) at 100 stations for the period 1951-1980 have been used in the analysis.The all-India monsoon rainfall is negatively correlated with the pressure of the spring (MAM) season preceding the monsoon and winter-to-spring seasonal difference as pressure tendency (MAM-DJF), at almost all the stations in India, and significantly with the pressures over central and northwestern regions. The average mean sea level pres?sure of six stations (Jodhpur, Ahmedabed, Bombay, Indore, Sagar and Akola) in the Western Central Indian (WCI) region showed highly significant (at 1% level) and consistent CCs of-0.63 for MAM and -0.56 for MAM-DJF for the period 1951-1980. Thus, the pre-monsoon seasonal pressure anomalies over WCI could provide a useful parameter for the long-range forecasting scheme of the Indian monsoon rainfall.

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