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Volume 8 Issue 2

Mar.  1991

Article Contents

Planetary Stationary Waves in the Atmosphere Part I: Orographic Stationary Waves


doi: 10.1007/BF02658095

  • It is proposed that the orographic stationary waves are required by long-term balance of momentum in the at-mosphere with zonally asymmetric orographic forcing, This hypothesis may be confirmed successfully with the theo-retical model of geostrophic waves. In the Part I, we will explain the observed phase distributions of orographic sta-tionary waves at middle and high latitudes of the Northern Hemisphere, according to the long-term balance of zonal momentum over the stationary orographic forcing. It is revealed that the geographic distribution of stationary waves depends not only on local topgraphy but also on mean circulation fields and angular momentum flux in the atmos-phere. So these waves cannot be simulated by the models in a restricted area.
  • [1] Yong. L. McHall, 1991: Planetary Stationary Waves in the Atmosphere Part II: Thermal Stationary Waves, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 8, 225-236.  doi: 10.1007/BF02658096
    [2] LI Qian, Hans-F. GRAF, CUI Xuefeng, 2011: The Role of Stationary and Transient Planetary Waves in the Maintenance of Stratospheric Polar Vortex Regimes in Northern Hemisphere Winter, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 28, 187-194.  doi: 10.1007/s00376-010-9163-7
    [3] Y. L. McHall, 1993: Large Scale Perturbations in Extratropical Atmosphere-Part I: On Rossby Waves, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 10, 169-180.  doi: 10.1007/BF02919139
    [4] Lu Peisheng, 1992: The Structure and Propagation of Stationary Planetary Wave Packet in the Barotropic Atmosphere, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 9, 157-166.  doi: 10.1007/BF02657506
    [5] Yong L. McHall, 1993: Group Velocity of Anisotropic Waves-Part I: Mathematical Expression, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 10, 393-406.  doi: 10.1007/BF02656964
    [6] Huang Ronghui, 1984: THE CHARACTERISTICS OF THE FORCED STATIONARY PLANETARY WAVE PROPAGATIONS IN SUMMER NORTHERN HEMISPHERE, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 1, 84-104.  doi: 10.1007/BF03187619
    [7] Y. L. McHall, 1993: Large Scale Perturbations in Extratropical Atmosphere-Part II: On Geostrophic Waves, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 10, 181-192.  doi: 10.1007/BF02919140
    [8] Lu LIU, Lingkun RAN, Shouting GAO, 2018: Analysis of the Characteristics of Inertia-Gravity Waves during an Orographic Precipitation Event, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 35, 604-620.  doi: 10.1007/s00376-017-7159-2
    [9] Chen Zhongming, Liu Fuming, Li Xiaoping, Tao Jie, 1994: Oscillatory Rossby Solitary Waves in the Atmosphere, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 11, 65-73.  doi: 10.1007/BF02656995
    [10] Chao Jiping, Ji Zhengang, 1985: ON THE INFLUENCES OF LARGE-SCALE INHOMOGENEITY OF SEA TEMPERATURE UPON THE OCEANIC WAVES IN THE TROPICAL REGIONS——PART I : LINEAR THEORETICAL ANALYSIS, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 2, 295-306.  doi: 10.1007/BF02677245
    [11] Chen Wen, Huang Ronghui, 2002: The Propagation and Transport Effect of Planetary Waves in the Northern Hemisphere Winter, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 19, 1113-1126.  doi: 10.1007/s00376-002-0069-x
    [12] Zhu Zhengxin, 1985: EQUILIBRIUM STATES OF PLANETARY WAVES FORCED BY TOPOGRAPHY AND PERTURBATION HEATING AND BLOCKING SITUATION, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 2, 359-367.  doi: 10.1007/BF02677252
    [13] Jiang Guorong, 1996: CISK-related Rossby Waves in the Tropical Atmosphere, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 13, 115-123.  doi: 10.1007/BF02657032
    [14] Zheng Xingyu, Zeng Qingcun, Huang Ronghui, 1991: The Propagation of Inertia-Gravity Waves and Their Influence on Mean Zonal Flow, Part One: the Propagation of Inertia-Gravity Waves, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 8, 431-446.  doi: 10.1007/BF02919266
    [15] Yong L. McHall, 1993: Group Velocity of Anisotropic Waves-Part II: Conservative Properties, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 10, 407-414.  doi: 10.1007/BF02656965
    [16] Luo Dehai, Li Jianping, 2000: Barotropic Interaction between Planetary- and Synoptic-Scale Waves during the Life Cycles of Blockings, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 17, 649-670.  doi: 10.1007/s00376-000-0026-5
    [17] LUO Dehai, LIU Jinting, LI Jianping, 2010: Interaction between Planetary-Scale Diffluent Flow and Synoptic-Scale Waves During the Life Cycle of Blocking, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 27, 807-831.  doi: 10.1007/s00376-009-9074-7
    [18] Li Guitong, Li Chongyin, 1998: Activities of Low-Frequency Waves in the Tropical Atmosphere and ENSO, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 15, 193-203.  doi: 10.1007/s00376-998-0039-z
    [19] YANG Peicai, WANG Geli, BIAN Jianchun, ZHOU Xiuji, 2010: The Prediction of Non-stationary Climate Series Based on Empirical Mode Decomposition, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 27, 845-854.  doi: 10.1007/s00376-009-9128-x
    [20] Lu Keli, Zhu Yongchun, 1994: Seasonal Variation of Stationary and Low-Frequency Rossby Wave Rays, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 11, 427-435.  doi: 10.1007/BF02658163

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Manuscript History

Manuscript received: 10 March 1991
Manuscript revised: 10 March 1991
通讯作者: 陈斌, bchen63@163.com
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Planetary Stationary Waves in the Atmosphere Part I: Orographic Stationary Waves

  • 1. Department of Meteorology, University of Edinburgh, EH9 3JZ, U. K.

Abstract: It is proposed that the orographic stationary waves are required by long-term balance of momentum in the at-mosphere with zonally asymmetric orographic forcing, This hypothesis may be confirmed successfully with the theo-retical model of geostrophic waves. In the Part I, we will explain the observed phase distributions of orographic sta-tionary waves at middle and high latitudes of the Northern Hemisphere, according to the long-term balance of zonal momentum over the stationary orographic forcing. It is revealed that the geographic distribution of stationary waves depends not only on local topgraphy but also on mean circulation fields and angular momentum flux in the atmos-phere. So these waves cannot be simulated by the models in a restricted area.

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