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Volume 2 Issue 4

Oct.  1985

Article Contents

THE ATMOSPHERIC HEAT BUDGET IN SUMMER OVER ASIA MONSOON AREA


doi: 10.1007/BF02678747

  • For better understanding the mechanism of monsoon formation and designing the numerical simulation of the general atmospheric circulation, a new approach of calculating atmospheric radiation is proposed to investigate the distribution of the atmospheric heat source, and the budget of heat component is recalculated. The results show that there is a tremendous atmospheric heat source region over central India, northeast of the Bay of Bengal, east of the South China Sea and about 10 °N at the west Pacific, among which the heating center with a maximum heating rate of 8 ℃/day is located over the Bay of Bengal and the average rate in the Plateau is about 1 ℃/day.
  • [1] Huang Ronghui, Yan Bangliang, 1987: THE PHYSICAL EFFECTS OF TOPOGRAPHY AND HEAT SOURCES ON THE FORMATION AND MAINTENANCE OF THE SUMMER MONSOON OVER ASIA, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 4, 13-23.  doi: 10.1007/BF02656658
    [2] LIU Yanju, DING Yihui, SONG Yafang, ZHANG Jin, 2009: Climatological Characteristics of the Moisture Budget and Their Anomalies over the Joining Area of Asia and the Indian-Pacific Ocean, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 26, 642-655.  doi: 10.1007/s00376-009-9010-x
    [3] Feng Zhiqiang, Elmar R.Reiter, Chen Longxun, 1985: THE ATMOSPHERIC HEAT BUDGET OVER THE WESTERN PART OF THE TIBETAN PLATEAU DURING MONEX, 1979, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 2, 455-468.  doi: 10.1007/BF02678744
    [4] Li Weiping, Theo Chidiezie Chineke, Liu Xin, Wu Guoxiong, 2001: Atmospheric Diabatic Heating and Summertime Circulation in Asia-Africa Area, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 18, 257-269.  doi: 10.1007/s00376-001-0018-0
    [5] Qu Shaohou, 1989: Observation Research of the Turbulent Fluxes of Momentum, Sensible Heat and Latent Heat over the West Pacific Tropical Ocean Area, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 6, 254-264.  doi: 10.1007/BF02658021
    [6] BAO Qing, LIU Yimin, SHI Jiancheng, WU Guoxiong, 2010: Comparisons of Soil Moisture Datasets over the Tibetan Plateau and Application to the Simulation of Asia Summer Monsoon Onset, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 27, 303-314.  doi: 10.1007/s00376-009-8132-5
    [7] Zhang Renhe, 2001: Relations of Water Vapor Transport from Indian Monsoon with That over East Asia and the Summer Rainfall in China, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 18, 1005-1017.
    [8] Hengchun YE, Zhenhao BAO, 2005: Eurasian Snow Conditions and Summer Monsoon Rainfall over South and Southeast Asia:Assessment and Comparison, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 22, 877-888.  doi: 10.1007/BF02918687
    [9] Chen Longxun, Jin Zuhui, 1984: THE MEDIUM-RANGE VARIATIONS OF THE SUMMER MONSOON CIRCULATION SYSTEM OVER EAST ASIA, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 1, 224-245.  doi: 10.1007/BF02678135
    [10] Song Jiang, Shuangmei Ma, Congwen Zhu, Boqi Liu, Ting Wang, Wanyi Sun, 2024: Enhanced East Asian Summer Monsoon over Northeast Asia in Recent Two Decades, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES.  doi: 10.1007/s00376-024-3370-0
    [11] JIAN Maoqiu, QIAO Yunting, YUAN Zhuojian, LUO Huibang, 2006: The Impact of Atmospheric Heat Sources over the Eastern Tibetan Plateau and the Tropical Western Pacific on the Summer Rainfall over the Yangtze-River Basin, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 23, 149-155.  doi: 10.1007/s00376-006-0015-4
    [12] Chuandong ZHU, Rongcai REN, Guoxiong WU, 2018: Varying Rossby Wave Trains from the Developing to Decaying Period of the Upper Atmospheric Heat Source over the Tibetan Plateau in Boreal Summer, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 35, 1114-1128.  doi: 10.1007/s00376-017-7231-y
    [13] Li Chongyin, Long Zhenxia, Zhang Qingyun, 2001: Strong/Weak Summer Monsoon Activity over the South China Sea and Atmospheric Intraseasonal Oscillation, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 18, 1146-1160.  doi: 10.1007/s00376-001-0029-x
    [14] Minghao BI, Ke XU, Riyu LU, 2023: Monsoon Break over the South China Sea during Summer: Statistical Features and Associated Atmospheric Anomalies, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 40, 1749-1765.  doi: 10.1007/s00376-023-2377-2
    [15] Wei Helin, Wang Wei-Chyung, 1998: A Regional Climate Model Simulation of Summer Monsoon over East Asia: A Case Study of 1991 Flood in Yangtze-Huai River Valley, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 15, 489-509.  doi: 10.1007/s00376-998-0027-3
    [16] Xiaobin LIN, Zhiping WEN, Wen ZHOU, Renguang WU, Ruidan CHEN, 2017: Effects of Tropical Cyclone Activity on the Boundary Moisture Budget over the Eastern China Monsoon Region, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 34, 700-712.  doi: 10.1007/s00376-017- 6191-6
    [17] Sang-Hyun LEE, Jun-Ho LEE, Bo-Young KIM, 2015: Estimation of Turbulent Sensible Heat and Momentum Fluxes over a Heterogeneous Urban Area Using a Large Aperture Scintillometer, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 32, 1092-1105.  doi: 10.1007/s00376-015-4236-2
    [18] Wu Renguang, Chen Lieting, 1998: Decadal Variation of Summer Rainfall in the Yangtze-Huaihe River Valley and Its Relationship to Atmospheric Circulation Anomalies over East Asia and Western North Pacific, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 15, 510-522.  doi: 10.1007/s00376-998-0028-2
    [19] Qianhui MA, Chunyan ZHANG, Donghai WANG, Zihao PANG, 2024: Summer Atmospheric Water Cycle under the Transition Influence of the Westerly and Summer Monsoon over the Yarlung Zangbo River Basin in the Southern Tibetan Plateau, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 41, 830-846.  doi: 10.1007/s00376-023-3094-6
    [20] Yizhe HAN, Dabang JIANG, Dong SI, Yaoming MA, Weiqiang MA, 2024: Time-lagged Effects of the Spring Atmospheric Heat Source over the Tibetan Plateau on Summer Precipitation in Northeast China during 1961–2020: Role of Soil Moisture, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES.  doi: 10.1007/s00376-023-2363-8

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Manuscript History

Manuscript received: 10 October 1985
Manuscript revised: 10 October 1985
通讯作者: 陈斌, bchen63@163.com
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    沈阳化工大学材料科学与工程学院 沈阳 110142

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THE ATMOSPHERIC HEAT BUDGET IN SUMMER OVER ASIA MONSOON AREA

  • 1. InstituteofAtmosphericPhysics,AcademiaSinica,Beijing,AcademyofMeteorologicalScience,StateMeteorologicalAdministration,Beijing

Abstract: For better understanding the mechanism of monsoon formation and designing the numerical simulation of the general atmospheric circulation, a new approach of calculating atmospheric radiation is proposed to investigate the distribution of the atmospheric heat source, and the budget of heat component is recalculated. The results show that there is a tremendous atmospheric heat source region over central India, northeast of the Bay of Bengal, east of the South China Sea and about 10 °N at the west Pacific, among which the heating center with a maximum heating rate of 8 ℃/day is located over the Bay of Bengal and the average rate in the Plateau is about 1 ℃/day.

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