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An Overview of Tropical Cyclone and Tropical Meteorology Research Progress


doi: 10.1007/BF02915577

  • There has been much progress in the study of tropical cyclones and tropical meteorology in China in the past few years. A new atmospheric field experiment of tropical cyclone landfall with the acronym of CLATEX (China Landfalling Typhoon Experiment) was implemented in July-August 2002. The boundary layer characteristics of the target typhoon Vongfong and the mesoscale structural features of other landfalling typhoons were studied. In addition, typhoon track operational forecasting errors in the last decade have been reduced because the operational monitoring equipment and forecast techniques were improved.Some results from the research program on tropical cyclone landfall, structure and intensity change, intensification near coastal waters, interaction between tropical cyclone and mid-latitude circulation, and the interaction among different scales of motion are described in this paper. Four major meteorological scientific experiments in China with international cooperation were implemented in 1998: the South China Sea monsoon field experiment (SCSMEX), the Tibetan Plateau field experiment (TIPEX), the Huaihe River basin energy and water cycle experiment (HUBEX), and the South China heavy rain scientific experiment (HUAMEX). Although these field experiments have different scientific objectives, they commonly relate to monsoon activities and they interact with each other. The valuable intensive observation data that were obtained have already been shared internationally. Some new findings have been published recently.Other research work in China, such as the tropical air-sea interaction, tropical atmospheric circulation,and weather systems, are reviewed in this paper as well. Some research results have shown that the rainfall anomalies for different regions in China were closely related to the stages of El Nino events.
  • [1] Man-Yau CHAN, Xingchao CHEN, 2022: Improving the Analyses and Forecasts of a Tropical Squall Line Using Upper Tropospheric Infrared Satellite Observations, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 39, 733-746.  doi: 10.1007/s00376-021-0449-8
    [2] WU Wei, CHEN Jilong, HUANG Ronghui, 2013: Water Budgets of Tropical Cyclones: Three Case Studies, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 30, 468-484.  doi: 10.1007/s00376-012-2050-7
    [3] Jie JIANG, Yuqing WANG, 2022: The Roles of Barotropic Instability and the Beta Effect in the Eyewall Evolution of Tropical Cyclones, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 39, 1800-1815.  doi: 10.1007/s00376-021-1209-5
    [4] Jihang LI, Zhiyan ZHANG, Lu LIU, Xubin ZHANG, Jingxuan QU, Qilin WAN, 2021: The Simulation of Five Tropical Cyclones by Sample Optimization of Ensemble Forecasting Based on the Observed Track and Intensity, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 38, 1763-1777.  doi: 10.1007/s00376-021-0353-2
    [5] Xiaohao QIN, Wansuo DUAN, Pak-Wai CHAN, Boyu CHEN, Kang-Ning HUANG, 2022: Effects of Dropsonde Data in Field Campaigns on Forecasts of Tropical Cyclones over the Western North Pacific in 2020 and the Role of CNOP Sensitivity, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES.  doi: 10.1007/s00376-022-2136-9
    [6] Ruifen ZHAN, Yuqing WANG, Yihui DING, 2022: Impact of the Western Pacific Tropical Easterly Jet on Tropical Cyclone Genesis Frequency over the Western North Pacific, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 39, 235-248.  doi: 10.1007/s00376-021-1103-1
    [7] Hongxiong XU, Dajun ZHAO, 2021: Effect of the Vertical Diffusion of Moisture in the Planetary Boundary Layer on an Idealized Tropical Cyclone, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 38, 1889-1904.  doi: 10.1007/s00376-021-1016-z
    [8] Ying LI, Dajun ZHAO, 2022: Climatology of Tropical Cyclone Extreme Rainfall over China from 1960 to 2019, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 39, 320-332.  doi: 10.1007/s00376-021-1080-4
    [9] Xianling JIANG, Fumin REN, Yunjie LI, Wenyu QIU, Zhuguo MA, Qinbo CAI, 2018: Characteristics and Preliminary Causes of Tropical Cyclone Extreme Rainfall Events over Hainan Island, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 35, 580-591.  doi: 10.1007/s00376-017-7051-0
    [10] Xiaoxu TIAN, Xiaolei ZOU, Shengpeng YANG, 2018: A Limb Correction Method for the Microwave Temperature Sounder 2 and Its Applications, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 35, 1547-1552.  doi: 10.1007/s00376-018-8092-8
    [11] Meng Zhiyong, Chen Lianshou, Xu Xiangde, 2002: Recent Progress on Tropical Cyclone Research in China, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 19, 103-110.  doi: 10.1007/s00376-002-0037-5
    [12] CHEN Lianshou, LI Ying, CHENG Zhengquan, 2010: An Overview of Research and Forecasting on Rainfall Associated with Landfalling Tropical Cyclones, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 27, 967-976.  doi: 10.1007/s00376-010-8171-y
    [13] WANG Dongxiao, ZHANG Yan, ZENG Lili, LUO Lin, 2009: Marine Meteorology Research Progress of China from 2003 to 2006, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 26, 17-30.  doi: 10.1007/s00376-009-0017-0
    [14] FANG Juan, TANG Jianping, WU Rongsheng, 2009: The Effect of Surface Friction on the Development of Tropical Cyclones, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 26, 1146-1156.  doi: 10.1007/s00376-009-8020-z
    [15] GE Xuyang, MA Yue, ZHOU Shunwu, Tim LI, 2015: Sensitivity of the Warm Core of Tropical Cyclones to Solar Radiation, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 32, 1038-1048.  doi: 10.1007/s00376-014-4206-0
    [16] Liangxiao SUN, Xiaoyong ZHUGE, Yuan WANG, 2017: Favorable Environments for the Occurrence of Overshooting Tops in Tropical Cyclones, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 34, 532-544.  doi: 10.1007/s00376-016-6122-y
    [17] Eric C. H. CHOW, Richard C. Y. LI, Wen ZHOU, 2018: Influence of Tropical Cyclones on Hong Kong Air Quality, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 35, 1177-1188.  doi: 10.1007/s00376-018-7225-4
    [18] Tian FENG, Fumin REN, Da-Lin ZHANG, Guoping LI, Wenyu QIU, Hui YANG, 2020: Sideswiping Tropical Cyclones and Their Associated Precipitation over China, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 37, 707-717.  doi: 10.1007/s00376-020-9224-5
    [19] WANG Xiaoling, REN Fumin, WANG Yongmei, LI Weijing, 2008: Influences of Tropical Cyclones on China During 1965--2004, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 25, 417-426.  doi: 10.1007/s00376-008-0417-6
    [20] Suk-Jin CHOI, Dong-Kyou LEE, 2016: Impact of Spectral Nudging on the Downscaling of Tropical Cyclones in Regional Climate Simulations, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 33, 730-742.  doi: 10.1007/s00376-016-5061-y

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Manuscript received: 10 May 2004
Manuscript revised: 10 May 2004
通讯作者: 陈斌, bchen63@163.com
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An Overview of Tropical Cyclone and Tropical Meteorology Research Progress

  • 1. Chinese Academy of Meteorological Sciences, Beijing 100081

Abstract: There has been much progress in the study of tropical cyclones and tropical meteorology in China in the past few years. A new atmospheric field experiment of tropical cyclone landfall with the acronym of CLATEX (China Landfalling Typhoon Experiment) was implemented in July-August 2002. The boundary layer characteristics of the target typhoon Vongfong and the mesoscale structural features of other landfalling typhoons were studied. In addition, typhoon track operational forecasting errors in the last decade have been reduced because the operational monitoring equipment and forecast techniques were improved.Some results from the research program on tropical cyclone landfall, structure and intensity change, intensification near coastal waters, interaction between tropical cyclone and mid-latitude circulation, and the interaction among different scales of motion are described in this paper. Four major meteorological scientific experiments in China with international cooperation were implemented in 1998: the South China Sea monsoon field experiment (SCSMEX), the Tibetan Plateau field experiment (TIPEX), the Huaihe River basin energy and water cycle experiment (HUBEX), and the South China heavy rain scientific experiment (HUAMEX). Although these field experiments have different scientific objectives, they commonly relate to monsoon activities and they interact with each other. The valuable intensive observation data that were obtained have already been shared internationally. Some new findings have been published recently.Other research work in China, such as the tropical air-sea interaction, tropical atmospheric circulation,and weather systems, are reviewed in this paper as well. Some research results have shown that the rainfall anomalies for different regions in China were closely related to the stages of El Nino events.

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