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On the Onset of the South China Sea Summer Monsoon in 1998


doi: 10.1007/s00376-000-0003-z

  • Through analyzing the NCEP/NCAR reanalysis data, the satellite observational data and the ATLAS-2 mooring buoy observational data, it is shown that May 21 is the onset data of the South China Sea summer monsoon in 1998. There were abrupt variations in the general circulation pattern at the lower troposphere and the upper troposphere, in upper jet stream location and in the convection and rainfall over the South China Sea region corresponding to the outbreak of the South China Sea summer monsoon. It is also indicated that there was rainfall in the southern China coastal region before onset of summer monsoon, but it resulted from the (cold) front activity and cannot be regarded as the sign of summer monsoon outbreak in the South China Sea.
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    [2] LU Riyu*, DONG Huilin, SU Qin, and Hui DING, 2014: The 30-60-day Intraseasonal Oscillations over the Subtropical Western North Pacific during the Summer of 1998, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 31, 1-7.  doi: 10.1007/s00376-013-3019-x
    [3] Ren Baohua, Huang Ronghui, 2002: 10-25-Day Intraseasonal Variations of Convection and Circulation Associated with Thermal State of the Western Pacific Warm Pool during Boreal Summer, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 19, 321-336.  doi: 10.1007/s00376-002-0025-9
    [4] REN Baohua, HUANG Ronghui, 2003: 30-60-day Oscillations of Convection and Circulation Associated with the Thermal State of the Western Pacific Warm Pool during Boreal Summer, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 20, 781-793.  doi: 10.1007/BF02915403
    [5] Gill M. MARTIN, Amulya CHEVUTURI, Ruth E. COMER, Nick J. DUNSTONE, Adam A. SCAIFE, Daquan ZHANG, 2019: Predictability of South China Sea Summer Monsoon Onset, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 36, 253-260.  doi: 10.1007/s00376-018-8100-z
    [6] Yang AI, Ning JIANG, Weihong QIAN, Jeremy Cheuk-Hin LEUNG, Yanying CHEN, 2022: Strengthened Regulation of the Onset of the South China Sea Summer Monsoon by the Northwest Indian Ocean Warming in the Past Decade, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 39, 943-952.  doi: 10.1007/s00376-021-1364-8
    [7] LIU Peng, QIAN Yongfu, HUANG Anning, 2009: Impacts of Land Surface and Sea Surface Temperatures on the Onset Date of the South China Sea Summer Monsoon, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 26, 493-502.  doi: 10.1007/s00376-009-0493-2
    [8] Yan Junyue, 1997: Observational Study on the Onset of the South China Sea Southwest Monsoon, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 14, 277-287.  doi: 10.1007/s00376-997-0026-9
    [9] ZOU Liwei, ZHOU Tianjun, 2015: Asian Summer Monsoon Onset in Simulations and CMIP5 Projections Using Four Chinese Climate Models, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 32, 794-806.  doi: 10.1007/s00376-014-4053-z
    [10] DING Yihui, HE Chun, 2006: The Summer Monsoon Onset over the Tropical Eastern Indian Ocean: The Earliest Onset Process of the Asian Summer Monsoon, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 23, 940-950.  doi: 10.1007/s00376-006-0940-2
    [11] Yu NIE, Jie WU, Jinqing ZUO, Hong-Li REN, Adam A. SCAIFE, Nick DUNSTONE, Steven C HARDIMAN, 2023: Subseasonal Prediction of Early-summer Northeast Asian Cut-off Lows by BCC-CSM2-HR and GloSea5, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES.  doi: 10.1007/s00376-022-2197-9
    [12] K.-M. Lau, Song Yang, 1997: Climatology and Interannual Variability of the Southeast Asian Summer Monsoon, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 14, 141-162.  doi: 10.1007/s00376-997-0016-y
    [13] Swati Basu, K. J. Ramesh, Z. N. Begum, 1999: Medium Range Prediction of Summer Monsoon Activities over India vis-a-vis Their Correspondence with the Observational Features, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 16, 133-146.  doi: 10.1007/s00376-999-0009-0
    [14] WANG Zhifu, QIAN Yongfu, 2009: The Relationship of Land-Ocean Thermal Anomaly Difference with Mei-yu and South China Sea Summer Monsoon, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 26, 169-179.  doi: 10.1007/s00376-009-0169-y
    [15] Kalim ULLAH, GAO Shouting, 2012: Moisture Transport over the Arabian Sea Associated with Summer Rainfall over Pakistan in 1994 and 2002, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 29, 501-508.  doi: 10.1007/s00376-011-0200-y
    [16] Debashis NATH, CHEN Wen, 2013: Investigating the Dominant Source for the Generation of Gravity Waves during Indian Summer Monsoon Using Ground-based Measurements, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 30, 153-166.  doi: 10.1007/s00376-012-1273-y
    [17] YAN Renchang, BIAN Jianchun, 2015: Tracing the Boundary Layer Sources of Carbon Monoxide in the Asian Summer Monsoon Anticyclone Using WRF-Chem, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 32, 943-951.  doi: 10.1007/s00376-014-4130-3
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Manuscript History

Manuscript received: 10 April 2000
Manuscript revised: 10 April 2000
通讯作者: 陈斌, bchen63@163.com
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On the Onset of the South China Sea Summer Monsoon in 1998

  • 1. LASG; Institute of Atmospheric Physics; Chinese Academy of Sciences; Beijing 100080,LASG; Institute of Atmospheric Physics; Chinese Academy of Sciences; Beijing 100080

Abstract: Through analyzing the NCEP/NCAR reanalysis data, the satellite observational data and the ATLAS-2 mooring buoy observational data, it is shown that May 21 is the onset data of the South China Sea summer monsoon in 1998. There were abrupt variations in the general circulation pattern at the lower troposphere and the upper troposphere, in upper jet stream location and in the convection and rainfall over the South China Sea region corresponding to the outbreak of the South China Sea summer monsoon. It is also indicated that there was rainfall in the southern China coastal region before onset of summer monsoon, but it resulted from the (cold) front activity and cannot be regarded as the sign of summer monsoon outbreak in the South China Sea.

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