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Associations with the Interannual Variations of Onset and Withdrawal of the Changma


doi: 10.1007/s00376-001-0023-3

  • The associations of onset and withdrawal of the rainy season in South Korea (called Changma) have been examined. Composite studies showed that there are significant differences in circulations between extremely early and late onset (or withdrawals) not only over East Asia, but also over remote areas. The in situ significant differences include the upper-level jet over East Asia and the subtropical anticyclone over the western North Pacific at lower levels. The significant remote associations include the Indian monsoon and ENSO. The Indian summer monsoon is related to both onset and withdrawal of the Changma, while ENSO has a significant relation only to onset, but not to withdrawal.
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Manuscript History

Manuscript received: 10 November 2001
Manuscript revised: 10 November 2001
通讯作者: 陈斌, bchen63@163.com
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Associations with the Interannual Variations of Onset and Withdrawal of the Changma

  • 1. Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100029,Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100029,Meteorological Research Institute, Korea Meteorological Administration, Seoul 156-720, South Korea,Meteorological Research Institute, Korea Meteorological Administration, Seoul 156-720, South Korea,Meteorological Research Institute, Korea Meteorological Administration, Seoul 156-720, South Korea

Abstract: The associations of onset and withdrawal of the rainy season in South Korea (called Changma) have been examined. Composite studies showed that there are significant differences in circulations between extremely early and late onset (or withdrawals) not only over East Asia, but also over remote areas. The in situ significant differences include the upper-level jet over East Asia and the subtropical anticyclone over the western North Pacific at lower levels. The significant remote associations include the Indian monsoon and ENSO. The Indian summer monsoon is related to both onset and withdrawal of the Changma, while ENSO has a significant relation only to onset, but not to withdrawal.

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