Advanced Search
Article Contents

Interannual to Interdecadal Variation of East Asian Summer Monsoon and its Association with the Global Atmospheric Circulation and Sea Surface Temperature


doi: 10.1007/s00376-001-0045-x

  • The East Asian summer monsoon (EASM) underwent an interdecadal variation with interannual variations during the period from 1958 to 1997, its index tended to decline from a higher stage in the mid-1960's until it reached a lower stage after 1980's. Correlation analysis reveals that EASM is closely related with the global atmospheric circulation and sea surface temperature (SST). The differences between the weak and strong stage of EASM shows that, the summer monsoon circulation over East Asia and North Africa is sharply weakened, in the meantime, the westerlies in high latitudes and the trade--wind over the tropical ocean are also changed significantly. Over the most regions south of the northern subtropics, both air temperature in the lower troposphere and SST tended to rise compared with the strong stage of EASM. It is also revealed that the ocean-atmosphere interaction over the western Pacific and Indian Ocean plays a key role in interannual to interdecadal variation of EASM, most probably, the subtropical Indian Ocean is more important. On the other hand, the ENSO event is less related to EASM at least during the concerned period.
  • [1] HU Dingzhu, TIAN Wenshou, XIE Fei, SHU Jianchuan, and Sandip DHOMSE, , 2014: Effects of Meridional Sea Surface Temperature Changes on Stratospheric Temperature and Circulation, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 31, 888-900.  doi: 10.1007/s00376-013-3152-6
    [2] SU Tonghua, XUE Feng*, ZHANG He, 2014: Simulating the Intraseasonal Variation of the East Asian Summer Monsoon by IAP AGCM4.0, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 31, 570-580.  doi: 10.1007/s00376-013-3029-8
    [3] MAN Wenmin, and ZHOU Tianjun, 2014: Regional-scale Surface Air Temperature and East Asian Summer Monsoon Changes during the Last Millennium Simulated by the FGOALS-gl Climate System Model, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 31, 765-778.  doi: 10.1007/s00376-013-3123-y
    [4] ZENG Gang, SUN Zhaobo, Wei-Chyung WANG, MIN Jinzhong, 2007: Interdecadal Variability of the East Asian Summer Monsoon and Associated Atmospheric Circulations, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 24, 915-926.  doi: 10.1007/s00376-007-0915-y
    [5] HAN Jinping, WANG Huijun, 2007: Interdecadal Variability of the East Asian Summer Monsoon in an AGCM, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 24, 808-818.  doi: 10.1007/s00376-007-0808-0
    [6] FENG Jinming, WEI Ting, DONG Wenjie, WU Qizhong, and WANG Yongli, 2014: CMIP5/AMIP GCM Simulations of East Asian Summer Monsoon, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 31, 836-850.  doi: 10.1007/s00376-013-3131-y
    [7] Yueliang CHEN, Changxiang YAN, Jiang ZHU, 2018: Assimilation of Sea Surface Temperature in a Global Hybrid Coordinate Ocean Model, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 35, 1291-1304.  doi: 10.1007/s00376-018-7284-6
    [8] SUN Jianqi, YUAN Wei, 2009: Contribution of the Sea Surface Temperature over the Mediterranean-Black Sea to the Decadal Shift of the Summer North Atlantic Oscillation, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 26, 717-726.  doi: 10.1007/s00376-009-8210-8
    [9] FU Jianjian, LI Shuanglin, 2013: The Influence of Regional SSTs on the Interdecadal Shift of the East Asian Summer Monsoon, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 30, 330-340.  doi: 10.1007/s00376-012-2062-3
    [10] FENG Juan*, CHEN Wen, 2014: Interference of the East Asian Winter Monsoon in the Impact of ENSO on the East Asian Summer Monsoon in Decaying Phases, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 31, 344-354.  doi: 10.1007/s00376-013-3118-8
    [11] Xiao DONG, Feng XUE, 2016: Phase Transition of the Pacific Decadal Oscillation and Decadal Variation of the East Asian Summer Monsoon in the 20th Century, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 33, 330-338.  doi: 10.1007/s00376-015-5130-7
    [12] Huang Ronghui, Wu Bingyi, Sung-Gil Hong, Jai-Ho Oh, 2001: Sensitivity of Numerical Simulations of the East Asian Summer Monsoon Rainfall and Circulation to Different Cumulus Parameterization Schemes, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 18, 23-41.  doi: 10.1007/s00376-001-0002-8
    [13] FU Jianjian, LI Shuanglin, LUO Dehai, 2009: Impact of Global SST on Decadal Shift of East Asian Summer Climate, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 26, 192-201.  doi: 10.1007/s00376-009-0192-z
    [14] Chen SHENG, Bian HE, Guoxiong WU, Yimin LIU, Shaoyu ZHANG, 2022: Interannual Influences of the Surface Potential Vorticity Forcing over the Tibetan Plateau on East Asian Summer Rainfall, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 39, 1050-1061.  doi: 10.1007/s00376-021-1218-4
    [15] Gill M. MARTIN, Amulya CHEVUTURI, Ruth E. COMER, Nick J. DUNSTONE, Adam A. SCAIFE, Daquan ZHANG, 2019: Predictability of South China Sea Summer Monsoon Onset, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 36, 253-260.  doi: 10.1007/s00376-018-8100-z
    [16] Kai Chi WONG, Senfeng LIU, Andrew G. TURNER, Reinhard K. SCHIEMANN, 2018: Different Asian Monsoon Rainfall Responses to Idealized Orography Sensitivity Experiments in the HadGEM3-GA6 and FGOALS-FAMIL Global Climate Models, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 35, 1049-1062.  doi: 10.1007/s00376-018-7269-5
    [17] WANG Yi, YAN Zhongwei, 2011: Changes of Frequency of Summer Precipitation Extremes over the Yangtze River in Association with Large-scale Oceanic-atmospheric Conditions, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 28, 1118-1128.  doi: 10.1007/s00376-010-0128-7
    [18] Ting WANG, Ke WEI, Jiao MA, 2021: Atmospheric Rivers and Mei-yu Rainfall in China: A Case Study of Summer 2020, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 38, 2137-2152.  doi: 10.1007/s00376-021-1096-9
    [19] Xinyu LI, Riyu LU, Gen LI, 2021: Different Configurations of Interannual Variability of the Western North Pacific Subtropical High and East Asian Westerly Jet in Summer, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 38, 931-942.  doi: 10.1007/s00376-021-0339-0
    [20] LIU Xiangwen, WU Tongwen, YANG Song, JIE Weihua, NIE Suping, LI Qiaoping, CHENG Yanjie, LIANG Xiaoyun, 2015: Performance of the Seasonal Forecasting of the Asian Summer Monsoon by BCC_CSM1.1(m), ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 32, 1156-1172.  doi: 10.1007/s00376-015-4194-8

Get Citation+

Export:  

Share Article

Manuscript History

Manuscript received: 10 July 2001
Manuscript revised: 10 July 2001
通讯作者: 陈斌, bchen63@163.com
  • 1. 

    沈阳化工大学材料科学与工程学院 沈阳 110142

  1. 本站搜索
  2. 百度学术搜索
  3. 万方数据库搜索
  4. CNKI搜索

Interannual to Interdecadal Variation of East Asian Summer Monsoon and its Association with the Global Atmospheric Circulation and Sea Surface Temperature

  • 1. LASG, Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100029

Abstract: The East Asian summer monsoon (EASM) underwent an interdecadal variation with interannual variations during the period from 1958 to 1997, its index tended to decline from a higher stage in the mid-1960's until it reached a lower stage after 1980's. Correlation analysis reveals that EASM is closely related with the global atmospheric circulation and sea surface temperature (SST). The differences between the weak and strong stage of EASM shows that, the summer monsoon circulation over East Asia and North Africa is sharply weakened, in the meantime, the westerlies in high latitudes and the trade--wind over the tropical ocean are also changed significantly. Over the most regions south of the northern subtropics, both air temperature in the lower troposphere and SST tended to rise compared with the strong stage of EASM. It is also revealed that the ocean-atmosphere interaction over the western Pacific and Indian Ocean plays a key role in interannual to interdecadal variation of EASM, most probably, the subtropical Indian Ocean is more important. On the other hand, the ENSO event is less related to EASM at least during the concerned period.

Catalog

    /

    DownLoad:  Full-Size Img  PowerPoint
    Return
    Return