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Numerical and Experimental Studies on Flow and Pollutant Dispersion in Urban Street Canyons


doi: 10.1007/s00376-007-0111-0

  • In this study numerical simulations and water tank experiments were used to investigate the flow and pollutant dispersion in an urban street canyon. Two types of canyon geometry were tested. The studies indicate that in a step-up notch canyon (higher buildings on the downstream side of the canyon), the height and shape of the upstream lower buildings plays an important role in flow pattern and pollutant dispersion, while in a step-down notch canyon (lower buildings on the downstream side), the downstream lower buildings have little influence. The studies also show that the substitution of tall towers for parallelepiped buildings on one side of the canyon may enhance the street ventilation and decrease the pollutant concentration emitted by motor vehicles.
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Manuscript History

Manuscript received: 10 January 2007
Manuscript revised: 10 January 2007
通讯作者: 陈斌, bchen63@163.com
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Numerical and Experimental Studies on Flow and Pollutant Dispersion in Urban Street Canyons

  • 1. Department of Atmospheric Sciences, School of Physics, Peking University,Beijing 100871,The State Key Laboratory of Atmospheric Boundary Layer Physics and Atmospheric Chemistry (LAPC) Institute of Atmospheric Physics,Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100029,Department of Atmospheric Sciences, School of Physics, Peking University,Beijing 100871,State Key Laboratory of Turbulence Research, Peking University, Beijing 100871

Abstract: In this study numerical simulations and water tank experiments were used to investigate the flow and pollutant dispersion in an urban street canyon. Two types of canyon geometry were tested. The studies indicate that in a step-up notch canyon (higher buildings on the downstream side of the canyon), the height and shape of the upstream lower buildings plays an important role in flow pattern and pollutant dispersion, while in a step-down notch canyon (lower buildings on the downstream side), the downstream lower buildings have little influence. The studies also show that the substitution of tall towers for parallelepiped buildings on one side of the canyon may enhance the street ventilation and decrease the pollutant concentration emitted by motor vehicles.

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