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A Study of Influencing Systems and Moisture Budget in a Heavy Rainfall in Low Latitude Plateau in China during Early Summer


doi: 10.1007/s00376-007-0485-z

  • Analysis of a heavy rainfall in a lower latitude plateau and characteristics of water vapor transportation have been conducted by using conventional data and denser surface data. The results show: (1) the heavy rainfall was caused by a series of mesoscale systems under favorable large-scale conditions when the warm moister air and cold air interacted with each other. At the same time, the coupling between the upper- and lower-level jets was revealed. It is also found that there exists some different characteristics among the main influencing systems of heavy rainfalls in Yunnan, such as the Indian-Myanmar trough and the path of the cold air, compared with those in East and South China. (2) The interaction between mesoscale convergence lines near the ground may be a possible triggering mechanism for the occurrence of mesoscale systems, and the dynamical and thermal dynamical structure of the mesoscale systems was very obvious. The convergence lines may relate closely to the terrain of Yunnan, China. (3) The computation of the water vapor budget reveals that the primary source of water vapor supply for heavy rainfall was in the Bay of Bengal. In this case, the water vapor could be transported into Yunnan even though the amount of water vapor was less than that in the lower troposphere in East and South China. In addition, the analysis for three-dimensional air parcel trajectories better revealed and described the source location and the transportation of water vapor to Yunnan.
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    [2] SUN Li, SHEN Baizhu, SUI Bo, 2010: A Study on Water Vapor Transport and Budget of Heavy Rain in Northeast China, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 27, 1399-1414.  doi: 10.1007/s00376-010-9087-2
    [3] Xiuzhen LI, Wen ZHOU, Yongqin David CHEN, 2016: Detecting the Origins of Moisture over Southeast China: Seasonal Variation and Heavy Rainfall, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 33, 319-329.  doi: 10.1007/s00376-015-4197-5
    [4] Huizhen YU, Zhiyong MENG, 2022: The Impact of Moist Physics on the Sensitive Area Identification for Heavy Rainfall Associated Weather Systems, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 39, 684-696.  doi: 10.1007/s00376-021-0278-9
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    [6] ZHOU Lingli, DU Huiliang, ZHAI Guoqing, WANG Donghai, 2013: Numerical Simulation of the Sudden Rainstorm Associated with the Remnants of Typhoon Meranti (2010), ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 30, 1353-1372.  doi: 10.1007/s00376-012-2127-3
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Manuscript History

Manuscript received: 10 May 2007
Manuscript revised: 10 May 2007
通讯作者: 陈斌, bchen63@163.com
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    沈阳化工大学材料科学与工程学院 沈阳 110142

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A Study of Influencing Systems and Moisture Budget in a Heavy Rainfall in Low Latitude Plateau in China during Early Summer

  • 1. Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100029; Graduate University of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100039; Air Force Meteorological Center, Beijing 100843,Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100029,Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100029

Abstract: Analysis of a heavy rainfall in a lower latitude plateau and characteristics of water vapor transportation have been conducted by using conventional data and denser surface data. The results show: (1) the heavy rainfall was caused by a series of mesoscale systems under favorable large-scale conditions when the warm moister air and cold air interacted with each other. At the same time, the coupling between the upper- and lower-level jets was revealed. It is also found that there exists some different characteristics among the main influencing systems of heavy rainfalls in Yunnan, such as the Indian-Myanmar trough and the path of the cold air, compared with those in East and South China. (2) The interaction between mesoscale convergence lines near the ground may be a possible triggering mechanism for the occurrence of mesoscale systems, and the dynamical and thermal dynamical structure of the mesoscale systems was very obvious. The convergence lines may relate closely to the terrain of Yunnan, China. (3) The computation of the water vapor budget reveals that the primary source of water vapor supply for heavy rainfall was in the Bay of Bengal. In this case, the water vapor could be transported into Yunnan even though the amount of water vapor was less than that in the lower troposphere in East and South China. In addition, the analysis for three-dimensional air parcel trajectories better revealed and described the source location and the transportation of water vapor to Yunnan.

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