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Numerical Study of Impacts of Soil Moisture on the Diurnal and Seasonal Cycles of Sensible/Latent Heat Fluxes over Semi-arid Region


doi: 10.1007/s00376-009-0319-2

  • The semi-arid regions, as climatic and ecosystem transitional zones, are the most vulnerable to global environmental change. Earlier researches indicate that the semi-arid regions are characterized by strong land-atmosphere coupling in which soil moisture is the crucial variable in land surface processes. In this paper, we investigate the sensitivity of the sensible/latent heat fluxes to soil moisture during the growing season based on the enhanced observations at Tongyu in the Jilin province of China, a reference site of international Coordinated Energy and Water Cycle Observations Project (CEOP) in the semi-arid regions, by using a sophisticated land surface model (NCAR_CLM3.0). Comparisons between the observed and simulated sensible/latent heat fluxes indicate that the soil moisture has obvious effects on the sensible/latent heat fluxes in terms of diurnal cycle and seasonal evolution. Better representation of the soil moisture could improve the model performance to a large degree. Therefore, for the purpose of simulating the land-atmosphere interaction and predicting the climate and water resource changes in semi-arid regions, it is necessary to enhance the description of the soil moisture distribution both in the way of observation and its treatment in land surface models.
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    [2] Minwei Qian, N. Loglisci, C. Cassardo, A. Longhetto, C. Giraud, 2001: Energy and Water Balance at Soil-Air Interface in a Sahelian Region, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 18, 897-909.
    [3] Changyu ZHAO, Haishan CHEN, Shanlei SUN, 2018: Evaluating the Capabilities of Soil Enthalpy, Soil Moisture and Soil Temperature in Predicting Seasonal Precipitation, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 35, 445-456.  doi: 10.1007/s00376-017-7006-5
    [4] ZHANG Jie, LIU Zhenyuan, CHEN Li, 2015: Reduced Soil Moisture Contributes to More Intense and More Frequent Heat Waves in Northern China, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 32, 1197-1207.  doi: 10.1007/s00376-014-4175-3
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    [6] Shunwu ZHOU, Yue MA, Xuyang GE, 2016: Impacts of the Diurnal Cycle of Solar Radiation on Spiral Rainbands, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 33, 1085-1095.  doi: 10.1007/s00376-016-5229-5
    [7] GE Xuyang, MA Yue, ZHOU Shunwu, Tim LI, 2014: Impacts of the Diurnal Cycle of Radiation on Tropical Cyclone Intensification and Structure, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 31, 1377-1385.  doi: 10.1007/s00376-014-4060-0
    [8] Rudi XIA, Yali LUO, Da-Lin ZHANG, Mingxin LI, Xinghua BAO, Jisong SUN, 2021: On the Diurnal Cycle of Heavy Rainfall over the Sichuan Basin during 10–18 August 2020, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 38, 2183-2200.  doi: 10.1007/s00376-021-1118-7
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    [10] NIE Suping, LUO Yong, ZHU Jiang, 2008: Trends and Scales of Observed Soil Moisture Variations in China, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 25, 43-58.  doi: 10.1007/s00376-008-0043-3
    [11] DAN Li, JI Jinjun, ZHANG Peiqun, 2005: The Soil Moisture of China in a High Resolution Climate-Vegetation Model, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 22, 720-729.  doi: 10.1007/BF02918715
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    [13] Linying WANG, Xing YUAN, 2018: Two Types of Flash Drought and Their Connections with Seasonal Drought, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 35, 1478-1490.  doi: 10.1007/s00376-018-8047-0
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Manuscript received: 10 March 2009
Manuscript revised: 10 March 2009
通讯作者: 陈斌, bchen63@163.com
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Numerical Study of Impacts of Soil Moisture on the Diurnal and Seasonal Cycles of Sensible/Latent Heat Fluxes over Semi-arid Region

  • 1. Department of Atmospheric Sciences,Nanjing University,Nanjing 210093; Key Laboratory of Regional Climate-Environment for Temperate East Asia (RCE-TEA), Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100029;Key Laboratory of Regional Climate-Environment for Temperate East Asia (RCE-TEA), Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100029;Department of Atmospheric Sciences,Nanjing University,Nanjing 210093

Abstract: The semi-arid regions, as climatic and ecosystem transitional zones, are the most vulnerable to global environmental change. Earlier researches indicate that the semi-arid regions are characterized by strong land-atmosphere coupling in which soil moisture is the crucial variable in land surface processes. In this paper, we investigate the sensitivity of the sensible/latent heat fluxes to soil moisture during the growing season based on the enhanced observations at Tongyu in the Jilin province of China, a reference site of international Coordinated Energy and Water Cycle Observations Project (CEOP) in the semi-arid regions, by using a sophisticated land surface model (NCAR_CLM3.0). Comparisons between the observed and simulated sensible/latent heat fluxes indicate that the soil moisture has obvious effects on the sensible/latent heat fluxes in terms of diurnal cycle and seasonal evolution. Better representation of the soil moisture could improve the model performance to a large degree. Therefore, for the purpose of simulating the land-atmosphere interaction and predicting the climate and water resource changes in semi-arid regions, it is necessary to enhance the description of the soil moisture distribution both in the way of observation and its treatment in land surface models.

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