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The Impact of Warm Pool SST and General Circulation on Increased Temperature over the Tibetan Plateau


doi: 10.1007/s00376-011-1034-3

  • In this paper, the possible reason of Tibetan Plateau (TP) temperature increasing was investigated. An increase in Tmin (minimum temperature) plays a robust role in increased TP temperature, which is strongly related to SST over the warm pool of the western Pacific Ocean, the subtropical westerly jet stream (SWJ), and the tropical easterly upper jet stream (TEJ), and the 200-hPa zonal wind in East Asia. Composite analysis of the effects of SST, SWJ, and TEJ on pre- and post-abrupt changes in Ta (annual temperature) and Tmin over the TP shows remarkable differences in SST, SWJ, and TEJ. A lag correlation between TaTmin, SST, and SWJ/TEJ shows that changes in SST occur ahead of changes in Ta/Tmin by approximately one to three seasons. Partial correlations between Ta/Tmin, SST, and SWJ/TEJ show that the effect of SWJ on Ta/Tmin is more significant than the effect of SST. Furthermore, simulations with a community atmospheric model (CAM3.0) were performed, showing a remarkable increase in Ta over the TP when the SST increased by 0.5oC. The main increase in Ta and Tmin in the TP can be attributed to changes in SWJ. A possible mechanism is that changes in SST force the TEJ to weaken, move south, and lead to increased SWJ and movement of SWJ northward. Finally, changes in the intensity and location of the SWJ cause an increase in Ta/Tmin. It appears that TP warming is governed primarily by coherent TEJ and SWJ variations that act as the atmospheric bridges to remote SSTs in warm-pool forcing.
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Manuscript History

Manuscript received: 10 March 2012
Manuscript revised: 10 March 2012
通讯作者: 陈斌, bchen63@163.com
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The Impact of Warm Pool SST and General Circulation on Increased Temperature over the Tibetan Plateau

  • 1. Key Laboratory of Arid Climate Change and Disaster Reduction of Gansu Province, College of Atmospheric Science, Lanzhou University, Gansu 730000,Key Laboratory of Arid Climate Change and Disaster Reduction of Gansu Province,College of Atmospheric Science, Lanzhou University, Gansu 730000,Key Laboratory of Western China's Environmental Systems, Ministry of Education, Lanzhou University, Gansu 730000

Abstract: In this paper, the possible reason of Tibetan Plateau (TP) temperature increasing was investigated. An increase in Tmin (minimum temperature) plays a robust role in increased TP temperature, which is strongly related to SST over the warm pool of the western Pacific Ocean, the subtropical westerly jet stream (SWJ), and the tropical easterly upper jet stream (TEJ), and the 200-hPa zonal wind in East Asia. Composite analysis of the effects of SST, SWJ, and TEJ on pre- and post-abrupt changes in Ta (annual temperature) and Tmin over the TP shows remarkable differences in SST, SWJ, and TEJ. A lag correlation between TaTmin, SST, and SWJ/TEJ shows that changes in SST occur ahead of changes in Ta/Tmin by approximately one to three seasons. Partial correlations between Ta/Tmin, SST, and SWJ/TEJ show that the effect of SWJ on Ta/Tmin is more significant than the effect of SST. Furthermore, simulations with a community atmospheric model (CAM3.0) were performed, showing a remarkable increase in Ta over the TP when the SST increased by 0.5oC. The main increase in Ta and Tmin in the TP can be attributed to changes in SWJ. A possible mechanism is that changes in SST force the TEJ to weaken, move south, and lead to increased SWJ and movement of SWJ northward. Finally, changes in the intensity and location of the SWJ cause an increase in Ta/Tmin. It appears that TP warming is governed primarily by coherent TEJ and SWJ variations that act as the atmospheric bridges to remote SSTs in warm-pool forcing.

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