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Reconstructed Light Extinction Coefficients Using Chemical Compositions of PM2.5 in Winter in Urban Guangzhou, China


doi: 10.1007/s00376-011-1045-0

  • The objective of this study was to reconstruct light extinction coefficients (bext) according to chemical composition components of particulate matter up to 2.5 m in size (PM2.5). PM2.5 samples were collected at the monitoring station of the South China of Institute of Environmental Science (SCIES, Guangzhou, China) during January 2010, and the online absorbing and scattering coefficients were obtained using an aethalometer and a nephelometer. The measured values of light absorption coefficient by particle (bap) and light scattering coefficient by particle (bsp) significantly correlated (R20.95) with values of bap and bsp that were reconstructed using the Interagency Monitoring of Protected Visual Environments (IMPROVE) formula when RH was 70%. The measured bext had a good correlation (R20.83) with the calculated bext under ambient RH conditions. The result of source apportionment of bext showed that ammonium sulfate [(NH4)2SO4] was the largest contributor (35.0%) to bext, followed by ammonium nitrate (NH4NO3, 22.9%), organic matter (16.1%), elemental carbon (11.8%), sea salt (4.7%), and nitrogen dioxide (NO2, 9.6%). To improve visibility in Guangzhou, the effective control of secondary particles like sulfates, nitrates, and ammonia should be given more attention in urban environmental management.
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Manuscript History

Manuscript received: 10 March 2012
Manuscript revised: 10 March 2012
通讯作者: 陈斌, bchen63@163.com
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Reconstructed Light Extinction Coefficients Using Chemical Compositions of PM2.5 in Winter in Urban Guangzhou, China

  • 1. School of Environmental Science and Engineering of Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou 510275,South China Institute of Environmental Sciences, Guangzhou 510655,Institute of Earth Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Xi'an 710075,Key Laboratory of Regional Climate-Environment for Temperate East Asia, Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100029,South China Institute of Environmental Sciences, Guangzhou 510655,South China Institute of Environmental Sciences, Guangzhou 510655,School of Environmental Science and Engineering of Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou 510275,School of Environmental Science and Engineering of Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou 510275

Abstract: The objective of this study was to reconstruct light extinction coefficients (bext) according to chemical composition components of particulate matter up to 2.5 m in size (PM2.5). PM2.5 samples were collected at the monitoring station of the South China of Institute of Environmental Science (SCIES, Guangzhou, China) during January 2010, and the online absorbing and scattering coefficients were obtained using an aethalometer and a nephelometer. The measured values of light absorption coefficient by particle (bap) and light scattering coefficient by particle (bsp) significantly correlated (R20.95) with values of bap and bsp that were reconstructed using the Interagency Monitoring of Protected Visual Environments (IMPROVE) formula when RH was 70%. The measured bext had a good correlation (R20.83) with the calculated bext under ambient RH conditions. The result of source apportionment of bext showed that ammonium sulfate [(NH4)2SO4] was the largest contributor (35.0%) to bext, followed by ammonium nitrate (NH4NO3, 22.9%), organic matter (16.1%), elemental carbon (11.8%), sea salt (4.7%), and nitrogen dioxide (NO2, 9.6%). To improve visibility in Guangzhou, the effective control of secondary particles like sulfates, nitrates, and ammonia should be given more attention in urban environmental management.

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