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Overview of the CMIP6 historical experiment datasets with the climate system model CAS FGOALS-f3-L

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This study is jointly supported by the Strategic Priority Research Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Grant No. XDA19060102 and China NSFC grant Nos. 41530426 and 91958201.

  • The 3-member historical simulations by the Chinese Academy of Sciences Flexible Global Ocean–Atmosphere–Land System model, version f3-L (CAS FGOALS-f3-L), which contribute to the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project phase 6 (CMIP6), are described in this study. The details of the CAS FGOALS-f3-L model, experiments settings and output datasets are briefly introduced. The datasets include monthly and daily outputs from the atmospheric, oceanic, land and sea ice component models of CAS FGOALS-f3-L, and all these data have been published online in the Earth System Grid Federation (ESGF, https://esgf-nodes.llnl.gov/projects/cmip6/). The three ensembles, which are initialized from the 600th, 650th, and 700th model year of the preindustrial experiment (piControl) and forced by the same historical forcing provided by CMIP6 from 1850 to 2014. The performance of the coupled model is validated in comparison with some latest observed atmospheric and oceanic datasets. It is shown that the CAS FGOALS-f3-L is able to reproduce the main features of the modern climate, including the climatology of air surface temperature and precipitation, the long-term changes in global mean surface air temperature, ocean heat content and sea surface steric height, and the horizontal and vertical distribution of temperature in the ocean and atmosphere. Meanwhile, there are still some obvious biases in the historical simulations like other state-of-the-art coupled general circulation models (GCMs), which are also illustrated. This paper can help the users to better understand the advantages and biases of the model and the datasets.
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    [2] Bian HE, Yimin LIU, Guoxiong WU, Qing BAO, Tianjun ZHOU, Xiaofei WU, Lei WANG, Jiandong LI, Xiaocong WANG, Jinxiao LI, Wenting HU, Xiaoqi ZHANG, Chen SHENG, Yiqiong TANG, 2020: CAS FGOALS-f3-L Model Datasets for CMIP6 GMMIP Tier-1 and Tier-3 Experiments, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 37, 18-28.  doi: 10.1007/s00376-019-9085-y
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    [4] REN Rongcai, YANG Yang, 2012: Changes in Winter Stratospheric Circulation in CMIP5 Scenarios Simulated by the Climate System Model FGOALS-s2, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 29, 1374-1389.  doi: 10.1007/s00376-012-1184-y
    [5] Kai Chi WONG, Senfeng LIU, Andrew G. TURNER, Reinhard K. SCHIEMANN, 2018: Different Asian Monsoon Rainfall Responses to Idealized Orography Sensitivity Experiments in the HadGEM3-GA6 and FGOALS-FAMIL Global Climate Models, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 35, 1049-1062.  doi: 10.1007/s00376-018-7269-5
    [6] DONG Lu, and ZHOU Tianjun, 2013: Steric Sea Level Change in Twentieth Century Historical Climate Simulation and IPCC-RCP8.5 Scenario Projection: A Comparison of Two Versions of FGOALS Model, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 30, 841-854.  doi: 10.1007/s00376-012-2224-3
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    [8] WANG Jun, BAO Qing, Ning ZENG, LIU Yimin, WU Guoxiong, JI Duoying, 2013: Earth System Model FGOALS-s2: Coupling a Dynamic Global Vegetation and Terrestrial Carbon Model with the Physical Climate System Model, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 30, 1549-1559.  doi: 10.1007/s00376-013-2169-1
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    [10] XIAO Chuliang and ZHANG Yaocun, , 2013: Simulation of the Westerly Jet Axis in Boreal Winter by the Climate System Model FGOALS-g2, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 30, 754-765.  doi: 10.1007/s00376-012-2167-8
    [11] LIU Yimin, HU Jun, HE Bian, BAO Qing, DUAN Anmin, and WU Guoxiong, 2013: Seasonal Evolution of Subtropical Anticyclones in the Climate System Model FGOALS-s2, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 30, 593-606.  doi: 10.1007/s00376-012-2154-0
    [12] XU Tengfei, YUAN Dongliang, YU Yongqiang, and ZHAO Xia, 2013: An assessment of Indo-Pacific oceanic channel dynamics in the FGOALS-g2 coupled climate system model, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 30, 997-1016.  doi: 10.1007/s00376-013-2131-2
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Manuscript History

Manuscript received: 06 January 2020
Manuscript revised: 16 March 2020
Manuscript accepted: 20 March 2020
通讯作者: 陈斌, bchen63@163.com
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Overview of the CMIP6 historical experiment datasets with the climate system model CAS FGOALS-f3-L

    Corresponding author: Yongqiang Yu; 
  • LASG/IAP

Abstract: The 3-member historical simulations by the Chinese Academy of Sciences Flexible Global Ocean–Atmosphere–Land System model, version f3-L (CAS FGOALS-f3-L), which contribute to the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project phase 6 (CMIP6), are described in this study. The details of the CAS FGOALS-f3-L model, experiments settings and output datasets are briefly introduced. The datasets include monthly and daily outputs from the atmospheric, oceanic, land and sea ice component models of CAS FGOALS-f3-L, and all these data have been published online in the Earth System Grid Federation (ESGF, https://esgf-nodes.llnl.gov/projects/cmip6/). The three ensembles, which are initialized from the 600th, 650th, and 700th model year of the preindustrial experiment (piControl) and forced by the same historical forcing provided by CMIP6 from 1850 to 2014. The performance of the coupled model is validated in comparison with some latest observed atmospheric and oceanic datasets. It is shown that the CAS FGOALS-f3-L is able to reproduce the main features of the modern climate, including the climatology of air surface temperature and precipitation, the long-term changes in global mean surface air temperature, ocean heat content and sea surface steric height, and the horizontal and vertical distribution of temperature in the ocean and atmosphere. Meanwhile, there are still some obvious biases in the historical simulations like other state-of-the-art coupled general circulation models (GCMs), which are also illustrated. This paper can help the users to better understand the advantages and biases of the model and the datasets.

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