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Trends in Extremes of Surface Humidity, Temperature, and Summertime Heat Stress in China

  • In the past half century, the mean summertime temperature in China has increased, with nights warm ing more than days. Using surface station observations, we show that the frequency of extreme heat-stress events in China, caused by extremely hot and humid days as well as by heatwaves lasting for a few days, has increased over the period from 1951 to 1994. When humidity is high, hot weather can cause heat stress in humans. The increased heat-stress trend may pose a public health problem.
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Manuscript History

Manuscript received: 10 September 2001
Manuscript revised: 10 September 2001
通讯作者: 陈斌, bchen63@163.com
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Trends in Extremes of Surface Humidity, Temperature, and Summertime Heat Stress in China

  • 1. Correponding author address: Julian X.L. Wang, NOAA Air Resources Laboratory, R/ARL, 1315 East West Highway, Silver Spring, MD 20910, USA.,NOAA/ Air Resources Laboratory, Silver Spring, MD, 20910, USA

Abstract: In the past half century, the mean summertime temperature in China has increased, with nights warm ing more than days. Using surface station observations, we show that the frequency of extreme heat-stress events in China, caused by extremely hot and humid days as well as by heatwaves lasting for a few days, has increased over the period from 1951 to 1994. When humidity is high, hot weather can cause heat stress in humans. The increased heat-stress trend may pose a public health problem.

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