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Author Guide

AAS publishes original articles, letters, comments and responses, data description articles, research highlight, meeting summaries and reviews. AAS also includes a News & Views section, featuring research news and project reports. Please refer to the Guide to Referees for the requirements for the different types of articles.

Authors are required to submit on-line via .

An article constitutes an outstanding and solid advancement in our understanding on an aspect of atmospheric sciences, including physical oceanography and geophysics, as well as the theoretical and applied areas of these disciplines. The main text (excluding references) should be less than 6000 words, or 22 double-spaced pages of text (Times New Roman, 12 point). Shorter manuscripts are preferred. Articles should have no more than 10 display items (figures and/or tables). The abstract is limited to 250 words and must be unreferenced.

Manuscript Template for WORD Users:

A Sample WORD File (As of 2024)

Word users: Note that the MathType equation editor is recommended for display equations and variables in running text that cannot otherwise be properly set using the standard keyboard.

Manuscript Template for LATEX Users:

A Sample LATEX File

Reference Style for Endnotes Users:

Detailed requirements:

Manuscript components

Each manuscript should include the following components, presented in the order shown.

1) Title, name, affiliation of each author and corresponding author's email provided on the title page.
2) Abstract. A brief, concise abstract is required at the beginning of each manuscript. The abstract contains a brief account of the background and rationale of the work, followed by a statement of the main conclusions. The abstract is typically 250 words or less in length and is unreferenced. The abstract should be 250 words or less in length. The abstract should not contain any mathematical expressions if possible, should include no footnotes or citations, and should not contain first-person sentence structure.
3) Key words. 4-6 key words should be provided.
4) Article highlights. Highlights are two to four result-oriented points that provide readers with an at-a-glance overview of the main findings of your article. Each Highlight must be less than 140 characters, including spaces, and the Highlights together must clearly convey only the results of the study. Ideas, concepts and methods are best saved for the abstract.
5) Text. The text (12-point) should be typesetted in one column, divided into sections, each with a separate heading and numbered consecutively.
6) Acknowledgements. Keep this section as brief as possible by acknowledging only direct assistance in your research and writing. Financial support for the work done should be acknowledged here rather than as footnotes to the title.
7) References. References should be arranged alphabetically without numbering. Citations to standard references in text should consist of the name of the author and the year of publication—for example, Wang (1990) or (Wang, 1990). If there are three or more authors, state the first author’s surname, followed by "et al." and the year of publication—for example, Wang et al. (1990) or (Wang et al., 1990). When there are two or more papers by the same author or authors in the same year, distinguishing letters (a, b, c, etc.) should be added to the year in both the citation in text and the reference listing, for example, Wang (1990a). For multiple citations by one author, separate years by commas, for example, Wang (1989, 1990) or (Wang, 1989, 1990). Separate multiple citations by different authors within the same parentheses by semicolons, for example, (Wang, 1990; Li, 1991) or (Wang, 1989, 1990; Li, 1991).
8) Illustrations and tables. Each figure and table should be embedded in the body of the manuscript as close as possible to its citation following a paragraph or section (we understand this placement may not always be possible for authors using LaTeX). Each figure and table should be numbered consecutively and cited specifically in the text by number.  Each figure must be supplied with a self-explanatory caption and authors should include captions below the figures for the reviewer copies. All tables should have a title or legend.  


Brief equations or terms set inline in text must be set as a single line expression, if possible. Also please enter them directly from the keyboard if possible. For more complex variables that have both subscripts and superscripts, or have a more complicated operator such as a radical sign, use of the MathType equation editor is recommended.


References should be given alphabetically without numbering at the end of the paper. References must be complete and properly formatted and only literature cited in the text can be listed.
(1) For typical journal citations it follows the form:Author(s), publication year: Article title. Journal name, volume, page range.For example,

Boville, B. A., and J. W. Hurrell, 1998: A comparison of the atmospheric circulations simulated by the CCM3 and CSM1. J. Climate, 11, 1327–1341. 

(2) For a book it follows the form:Author(s), publication year: Book Title. Publisher, total pages.For example,

Pedlosky, J., 1987: Geophysical Fluid Dynamics. 2nd ed., Springer-Verlag, 710pp. 

(3) For a chapter in a book it follows the form:Author(s), publication year: chapter title. Book Title, Editor(s), Publisher, page range.For example,

Zhang,  R. H., and J. P. Chao, 1993: Mechanisms of interannual variations in a simple air-sea coupled model in the tropics. Climate Variability, D. H. Ye, et al., Eds., China Meteorological Press, Beijing, 236–244.

(4) For a website, it follows the form:

Chou, M.-D., and M. J. Suarez, 1994: An efficient thermal infrared radiation parameterization for use in general circulation model. NASA Tech. Memo. 104606, Vol. 3, 85 pp. [Available online at NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center, Code 913, Greenbelt, MD 20771.]


Vector-based figures (eps., ai., or psd.) should be provided upon acceptance of a paper.


AAS accepts submission with animation. Authors can submit it as supplementary materials via ScholarOne if the video is less than 10 M. The format flv. (or mpeg, avi, etc.) is desired. If the video is more than 10 M, authors are suggested providing a URL of the video for the convenience of the reviewers. The original video can be sent to the Editorial Office upon acceptance of the paper.

Research Data Policy:

The journal encourages authors, where possible and applicable, to deposit data that support the findings of their research in a public repository. Authors and editors who do not have a preferred repository should consult Springer Nature’s list of repositories and research data policy.

List of Repositories

Research Data Policy

General repositories - for all types of research data - such as Figshare and Dryad may also be used. Datasets that are assigned digital object identifiers (DOIs) by a data repository may be cited in the reference list. Data citations should include the minimum information recommended by DataCite:

authors, title, publisher (repository name), identifier.

Springer Nature provides a research data policy support service for authors and editors, which can be contacted at This service provides advice on research data policy compliance and on finding research data repositories. It is independent of journal, book and conference proceedings editorial offices and does not advise on specific manuscripts.

Artificial Intelligence (AI)

Large Language Models (LLMs), such as ChatGPT, do not currently satisfy our authorship criteria. Notably an attribution of authorship carries with it accountability for the work, which cannot be effectively applied to LLMs. Use of an LLM should be properly documented in the Methods section (and if a Methods section is not available, in a suitable alternative part) of the manuscript. While AAS explores providing our peer reviewers with access to safe AI tools, peer reviewers are not permitted to upload manuscripts into generative AI tools.