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对流层平流层往返式平漂探空气球系统的动力热力过程理论分析与数值试验

柳士俊 杨荣康 曹晓钟 郭启云 程凯琪 谌志鹏 王金成

柳士俊, 杨荣康, 曹晓钟, 等. 2022. 对流层平流层往返式平漂探空气球系统的动力热力过程理论分析与数值试验[J]. 大气科学, 46(4): 788−804 doi: 10.3878/j.issn.1006-9895.2110.20252
引用本文: 柳士俊, 杨荣康, 曹晓钟, 等. 2022. 对流层平流层往返式平漂探空气球系统的动力热力过程理论分析与数值试验[J]. 大气科学, 46(4): 788−804 doi: 10.3878/j.issn.1006-9895.2110.20252
LIU Shijun, YANG Rongkang, CAO Xiaozhong, et al. 2022. Analysis and Numerical Experiment of the Horizontal Drift Round-trip Sounding Balloon’ s Dynamic and Thermal Process in the Adjacent Space [J]. Chinese Journal of Atmospheric Sciences (in Chinese), 46(4): 788−804 doi: 10.3878/j.issn.1006-9895.2110.20252
Citation: LIU Shijun, YANG Rongkang, CAO Xiaozhong, et al. 2022. Analysis and Numerical Experiment of the Horizontal Drift Round-trip Sounding Balloon’ s Dynamic and Thermal Process in the Adjacent Space [J]. Chinese Journal of Atmospheric Sciences (in Chinese), 46(4): 788−804 doi: 10.3878/j.issn.1006-9895.2110.20252

对流层平流层往返式平漂探空气球系统的动力热力过程理论分析与数值试验

doi: 10.3878/j.issn.1006-9895.2110.20252
基金项目: 国家科技重大专项2018YFC1506201、2018YFC1506204
详细信息
    作者简介:

    柳士俊,男,1964年生,教授,主要从事大气物理等领域的研究。 E-mail: lsj8848@163.com

    通讯作者:

    杨荣康,E-mail: yrkaoc@cma.gov.cn

  • 中图分类号: P412.2

Analysis and Numerical Experiment of the Horizontal Drift Round-trip Sounding Balloon’ s Dynamic and Thermal Process in the Adjacent Space

Funds: National Science and Technology Major Project (Grants 2018YFC1506201, 2018YFC1506204)
  • 摘要: 往返式平漂探空观测是我国正在研究实施的一种新型探空观测方式,可有效提高观测效率和经济效益,对克服常规探空观测缺陷、改善数值预报质量具有重要的意义。本文针对平漂探空上升和平漂阶段的热力、动力过程特点及其主要影响因子,构建了平漂探空系统的热动力理论模型,并结合实际观测试验进一步分析验证了理论模型的可靠性。研究结果对往返平漂式探空系统的设计和完善具有重要的理论支撑和实用价值。
  • 图  1  (a)实测速度、经典速度和稳态速度随高度的廓线分布;(b)净举力A与高度的关系

    Figure  1.  (a) Profile distribution of the measured speed, classic speed, and steady-state speed with height; (b) relationship between the net lifting force A and height

    图  2  阻尼震荡衰减的(a)理论结果和(b)实测结果(Obs)

    Figure  2.  Damped oscillation attenuation diagram of (a)theoretical results, (b) actual observations (Obs)

    图  3  2019年5月28日19:15湖南株洲站球内温度、环境大气温度实测数据与计算值对比

    Figure  3.  Comparison of measured data and calculated values of temperature in the ball and ambient air temperature at Zhuzhou station, Hunan Province at 1915 BJT (Beijing time) on May 28, 2019

    图  4  超温超压系数随高度的变化

    Figure  4.  Changes in over-temperature and over-pressure coefficient with height

    图  5  (a)太阳短波辐射、(b)天空散射辐射、(c)地面反射辐射随高度的变化

    Figure  5.  Changes in the (a) solar shortwave radiation, (b) scattered radiation, and (c) reflected radiation with height

    图  6  (a)总能量收支、(b)球内对流能量随高度的变化

    Figure  6.  (a) Total energy budget and (b) inner ball convection energy changes with height

    图  7  (a)球径、(b)升速随高度的变化

    Figure  7.  Change of the (a) ball diameter and (b) speed of rise with height

    图  8  2019年5月28日13:15不同观测站点超温超压系数随高度的变化

    Figure  8.  Changes in over-temperature and over-pressure coefficient with height at 1315 BJT on May 28, 2019

    图  9  不同地区(a)太阳短波辐射、(b)散射辐射、(c)反射辐射随高度的变化

    Figure  9.  Variations of (a) solar shortwave radiation, (b) scattered radiation, and (c) reflected radiation with altitude in different regions

    图  10  不同地区(a)总能量收支、(b)球内热对流能量随高度的变化

    Figure  10.  Changes in the (a) total energy budget and (b) convective energy in different regions with height

    图  11  不同地区(a)球径、(b)升速随高度变化曲线

    Figure  11.  Variation curve of the (a) ball diameter and (b) speed with height in different regions

    图  12  实测升速、平漂高度与软件预置数据比较

    Figure  12.  Comparison of the measured speed rise and drift height with the software preset data

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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2020-12-27
  • 录用日期:  2021-11-17
  • 网络出版日期:  2021-11-18
  • 刊出日期:  2022-07-15

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