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新型扩散云室搭建及其对黄山地区大气冰核的观测研究

苏航 银燕 陆春松 蒋惠 杨磊

苏航, 银燕, 陆春松, 蒋惠, 杨磊. 新型扩散云室搭建及其对黄山地区大气冰核的观测研究[J]. 大气科学, 2014, 38(2): 386-398. doi: 10.3878/j.issn.1006-9895.2013.12211
引用本文: 苏航, 银燕, 陆春松, 蒋惠, 杨磊. 新型扩散云室搭建及其对黄山地区大气冰核的观测研究[J]. 大气科学, 2014, 38(2): 386-398. doi: 10.3878/j.issn.1006-9895.2013.12211
SU Hang, YIN Yan, LU Chunsong, JIANG Hui, YANG Lei. Development of New Diffusion Cloud Chamber Type and Its Observation Study of Ice Nuclei in the Huangshan Area[J]. Chinese Journal of Atmospheric Sciences, 2014, 38(2): 386-398. doi: 10.3878/j.issn.1006-9895.2013.12211
Citation: SU Hang, YIN Yan, LU Chunsong, JIANG Hui, YANG Lei. Development of New Diffusion Cloud Chamber Type and Its Observation Study of Ice Nuclei in the Huangshan Area[J]. Chinese Journal of Atmospheric Sciences, 2014, 38(2): 386-398. doi: 10.3878/j.issn.1006-9895.2013.12211

新型扩散云室搭建及其对黄山地区大气冰核的观测研究

doi: 10.3878/j.issn.1006-9895.2013.12211
基金项目: 国家自然科学基金资助项目41030962、40975084;高等学校博士学科点专项科研基金博导类资助课题20113228110002;中国气象局局校合作建设项目20110107;江苏高校优势学科建设工程项目(PAPD);江苏省自然科学基金BK20130988

Development of New Diffusion Cloud Chamber Type and Its Observation Study of Ice Nuclei in the Huangshan Area

  • 摘要: 本研究利用自行搭建的大气冰核高压静电采样器和静力真空水汽扩散云室,并结合其他大气冰核及气象要素观测仪器,于2011年5~9月及2012年9~10月在黄山三层不同高度上同时进行大气冰核及相关气象要素的连续观测。结果显示:黄山地区总冰核数浓度平均为18.74 L-1,凝结冻结核化冰核数浓度平均为0.79 L-1,凝华核化冰核数浓度平均为0.19 L-1。黄山地区冰核数浓度,随着高度的增加而减小;且存在春季较高、秋季居中、夏季较少的季节变化规律;下午达到一天中的最高值,夜晚达到一天中的最低值;总冰核数浓度较北方少。黄山山顶冰核数浓度随活化温度的升高而减小,随过饱和度的升高而增大,随风速的增强而增大,长期主要由西南风向山顶的输送,且其主要由大粒子来充当。
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  • 收稿日期:  2012-12-03
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