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1981~2019年吉林省暖季冷涡降水时空变化特征

李尚锋 任航 高枞亭 尹路婷 杨旭

李尚锋, 任航, 高枞亭, 等. 2022. 1981~2019年吉林省暖季冷涡降水时空变化特征[J]. 大气科学, 46(1): 1−14 doi: 10.3878/j.issn.1006-9895.2107.20217
引用本文: 李尚锋, 任航, 高枞亭, 等. 2022. 1981~2019年吉林省暖季冷涡降水时空变化特征[J]. 大气科学, 46(1): 1−14 doi: 10.3878/j.issn.1006-9895.2107.20217
LI Shangfeng, REN Hang, GAO Zongting, et al. 2022. Temporal and Spatial Distributions of Precipitation Related to the Northeast Cold Vortex in the Warm Season in Jilin Province during 1981–2019 [J]. Chinese Journal of Atmospheric Sciences (in Chinese), 46(1): 1−14 doi: 10.3878/j.issn.1006-9895.2107.20217
Citation: LI Shangfeng, REN Hang, GAO Zongting, et al. 2022. Temporal and Spatial Distributions of Precipitation Related to the Northeast Cold Vortex in the Warm Season in Jilin Province during 1981–2019 [J]. Chinese Journal of Atmospheric Sciences (in Chinese), 46(1): 1−14 doi: 10.3878/j.issn.1006-9895.2107.20217

1981~2019年吉林省暖季冷涡降水时空变化特征

doi: 10.3878/j.issn.1006-9895.2107.20217
基金项目: 国家重点研发计划重点专项2018YFC1507300,国家自然科学基金项目41875119、41630424、41975101,中国气象局省级气象科研所科技创新发展项目SSFZ201806,东北区域气象中心创新联合攻关任务合作项目2019QYLH1-2,吉林省科技发展计划项目20180201035SF
详细信息
    作者简介:

    李尚锋,男,1981年出生,博士、研究员,主要从事极端事件和气候变化方面的研究。E-mail: ice-lsf@163.com

    通讯作者:

    高枞亭,E-mail: ztgtq@sina.com

  • 中图分类号: P466

Temporal and Spatial Distributions of Precipitation Related to the Northeast Cold Vortex in the Warm Season in Jilin Province during 1981–2019

Funds: National Key Research and Development Program of China (Grant 2018YFC1507300), National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grants 41875119, 41630424, 41975101), Science and Technology Innovation Development Project of China Meteorological Administration (Grant SSFZ201806), Research Cooperation Program of Shenyang Regional Climate Center (Grant 2019QYLH1-2), Science and Technology Development Plan in Jilin Province of China (Grant 20180201035SF)
  • 摘要: 利用1981~2019年吉林省气象局信息中心提供的吉林省51个测站逐时降水数据,系统分析了暖季吉林省冷涡降水的时空分布特征。结果表明:(1)吉林省降水量日变化和频次的峰值均发生在下午16~18时(北京时);0.1~5 mm/h降水频次大值区主要集中在吉林省东部山区,而5~10 mm/h和>10 mm/h降水频次大值区则在吉林省中南部地区。(2)0.1~5 mm/h降水占冷涡降水总量百分比(简称:降水贡献)的空间分布特征中,白天降水贡献的空间分布比较一致,夜间大值区在吉林省东部山区;5~10 mm/h降水贡献大值区集中在吉林省中部地区,且白天贡献大于夜间;>10 mm/h降水贡献大值区位于吉林省中西部地区,白天贡献也大于夜间。(3)0.1~5 mm/h降水占暖季冷涡降水总量的60%,5~10 mm/h和>10 mm/h均在20%左右;0.1~5 mm/h降水贡献随时间变化减弱趋势明显,而>10 mm/h降水贡献增加趋势明显,且这两种量级降水年际变化呈反位相特征。
  • 图  1  吉林省51个国家级地面气象观测站(红点)的分布情况,填色表示地形高度(单位:m)

    Figure  1.  Spatial distribution of the 51 national rain gauge stations (the red dots), the shadings denote the surface elevations (units: m)

    图  2  0.1~5 mm/h量级的暖季东北冷涡降水频次在白天(左)、夜间(中)的空间分布以及白天与夜间差值场(右)的空间分布:(a1–c1)1980年代;(a2–c2)1990年代;(a3–c3)2000年代;(a4–c4)2010年代。数字表示每个测站观测结果,阴影为测站插值结果

    Figure  2.  Spatial distributions of the precipitation frequency for 0.1–5 mm/h precipitation during the northeast cold vortex process in the warm season (PNCVPWS) during the daytime (left), night time (middle), the difference between day and night (right) in (a1–c1) 1980s, (a2–c2) 1990s, (a3–c3) 2000s, and (a4–c4) 2010s. The numbers denote the results from the observation stations, shadings denote the results interpolated from the observations

    图  3  同图2,但为5~10 mm/h量级的暖季东北冷涡降水频次的年代际分布

    Figure  3.  As in Fig. 2, but for decadal distributions of the precipitation frequency for 5–10 mm/h precipitation during the northeast cold vortex process in the warm season

    图  4  同图2,但为10 mm/h以上量级的暖季东北冷涡降水频次的年代际分布

    Figure  4.  As in Fig. 2, but for decadal distributions of the precipitation frequency for more than 10 mm/h precipitation during the northeast cold vortex process in the warm season

    图  5  (a)1980年代、(b)1990年代、(c)2000年代、(d)2010年代暖季东北冷涡无量纲化的降水频次(黑线)和降水量(红线)日变化

    Figure  5.  Diurnal variations of dimensionless precipitation frequency (black lines) and amounts (red lines) for PNCVPWS during (a) 1980s, (b) 1990s, (c) 2000s, and (d) 2010s

    图  6  0.1~5 mm/h量级的暖季东北冷涡降水量对降水总量的贡献在白天(左)、夜间(中)的空间分布以及白天与夜间差值场(右)的空间分布:(a1–c1)1980年代;(a2–c2)1990年代;(a3–c3)2000年代;(a4–c4)2010年代。数字表示每个测站降水贡献,阴影为测站插值结果

    Figure  6.  Spatial distributions of the contributions of precipitation amounts for 0.1–5 mm/h precipitation to total amounts of PNCVPWS during the daytime (left), night time (middle), the difference between day and night (right) in (a1–c1) 1980s, (a2–c2) 1990s, (a3–c3) 2000s, and (a4–c4) 2010s. The numbers denote the results from the observation stations, shadings denote the results interpolated from the observations

    图  7  同图6,但为5~10 mm/h量级暖季东北冷涡降水对降水总量贡献的年代际分布

    Figure  7.  As in Fig. 6, but for decadal distributions of the contributions of precipitation amounts for 5–10 mm/h precipitation to total amounts

    图  8  同图6,但为10 mm/h以上量级暖季东北冷涡降水对降水总量贡献的年代际分布

    Figure  8.  As in Fig. 6, but for decadal distributions of the contributions of precipitation amounts for more than 10 mm/h precipitation to total amounts

    图  9  1981~2019年暖季不同量级东北冷涡(a)降水贡献的时间序列、(b)平均降水贡献。图a中蓝线、黑线和红线分别表示0.1~5 mm/h、5~10 mm/h和>10 mm/h量级降水贡献,虚线表示降水贡献趋势线

    Figure  9.  (a) Time series of precipitation contributions, (b) mean precipitation contributions for 0.1–5 mm/h, 5–10 mm/h, more than 10 mm/h magnitudes of PNCVPWS during 1981–2019. In Fig. a, blue line, black line, and red line represent 0.1–5 mm/h, 5–10 mm/h, and more than 10 mm/h magnitudes, respectively. The dashed lines represent the trend lines of precipitation contributions

    图  10  1981~2019年暖季不同量级东北冷涡降水量标准化的时间序列。蓝线、黑线和红线分别表示0.1~5 mm/h、5~10 mm/h和>10 mm/h量级降水,虚线表示降水量趋势线

    Figure  10.  Standardized time series of precipitation amounts for 0.1–5 mm/h (blue line), 5–10 mm/h (black line), more than 10 mm/h (red line) magnitudes of PNCVPWS during 1981–2019. The dashed lines denote the linear trends precipitation amounts

    图  11  1981~2019年暖季东北冷涡发生个数的时间序列

    Figure  11.  Time series of cold vortex numbers during 1981−2019

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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2020-10-22
  • 录用日期:  2021-07-30
  • 网络出版日期:  2021-07-16
  • 刊出日期:  2022-01-18

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