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夏季青藏高原非绝热加热准双周振荡强度的年际变化及其与中国东部降水异常的联系

田佳 杨双艳 刘雅舒

田佳, 杨双艳, 刘雅舒. 2022. 夏季青藏高原非绝热加热准双周振荡强度的年际变化及其与中国东部降水异常的联系[J]. 大气科学, 46(X): 1−16 doi: 10.3878/j.issn.1006-9895.2108.21106
引用本文: 田佳, 杨双艳, 刘雅舒. 2022. 夏季青藏高原非绝热加热准双周振荡强度的年际变化及其与中国东部降水异常的联系[J]. 大气科学, 46(X): 1−16 doi: 10.3878/j.issn.1006-9895.2108.21106
TIAN Jia, YANG Shuangyan, LIU Yashu. 2022. Interannual Variation of the Quasi-biweekly Diabatic Heating over the Tibetan Plateau during Boreal Summer and its Relationship with Rainfall Anomaly over Eastern China [J]. Chinese Journal of Atmospheric Sciences (in Chinese), 46(X): 1−16 doi: 10.3878/j.issn.1006-9895.2108.21106
Citation: TIAN Jia, YANG Shuangyan, LIU Yashu. 2022. Interannual Variation of the Quasi-biweekly Diabatic Heating over the Tibetan Plateau during Boreal Summer and its Relationship with Rainfall Anomaly over Eastern China [J]. Chinese Journal of Atmospheric Sciences (in Chinese), 46(X): 1−16 doi: 10.3878/j.issn.1006-9895.2108.21106

夏季青藏高原非绝热加热准双周振荡强度的年际变化及其与中国东部降水异常的联系

doi: 10.3878/j.issn.1006-9895.2108.21106
基金项目: 江苏省自然科学基金项目BK20210660,江苏省大学生创新创业训练计划项目202010300132
详细信息
    作者简介:

    田佳,女,1999年出生,本科,主要从事季节内振荡动力学研究. E-mail: 284991062@qq.com

    通讯作者:

    杨双艳,E-mail: yangsy@nuist.edu.cn

  • 中图分类号: P467

Interannual Variation of the Quasi-biweekly Diabatic Heating over the Tibetan Plateau during Boreal Summer and its Relationship with Rainfall Anomaly over Eastern China

Funds: Natural Science Foundation of Jiangsu Province (Grant BK20210660), National Training Program of Innovation and Entrepreneurship for Undergraduates (Grant 202010300132)
  • 摘要: 基于1979~2018年中国高分辨率格点降水资料、NCEP/NCAR和ERA-Interim再分析资料,分析了夏季青藏高原(简称高原)非绝热加热准双周振荡(Quasi-Biweekly Oscillation,QBWO)的主要模态(南部集中型)强度的年际变化与中国东部降水异常之间的联系,并从环流异常演变的角度进行解释。在高原QBWO年际强度偏强年,长江以南地区夏季降水异常与高原南部QBWO扰动呈显著正相关。在高原QBWO强度偏弱年,江淮地区和华南地区降水异常呈偶极型分布。进一步分析揭示,在高原QBWO强度偏强(弱)年,起源于西北太平洋地区的低纬度季节内信号主要表现为向西(西北)方向传播的特征,中高纬度准正压的季节内信号主要表现为向南(西南)方向传播的特征,且低纬度西(西北)传的信号与中高纬南(西南)传的信号共同作用引起中国不同的异常降水型。低纬度向西(西北)方向传播的QBWO信号传播至阿拉伯海(高原东南侧)后减弱消失,中高纬地区向南(西南)传播的信号与低纬度西(西北)传的信号汇合后继续向西(西北)方向传播,最终减弱消失。
  • 图  1  10~30天非绝热加热经验正交函数分解第一模态空间分布(实线表示3000 m地形)

    Figure  1.  EOF1 of 10–30-day filtered diabatic heating (the solid line represents the 3,000-m terrain)

    图  2  1979~2018年高原非绝热加热准双周振荡(QBWO)强度距平序列(柱状,对应左侧纵坐标)以及强度3~7年Butterworth带通滤波后的标准化时间序列(折线,对应右侧纵坐标);折线上的大圆标记表示高、低指数年份

    Figure  2.  Quasi-Biweekly Oscillation (QBWO) intensity anomaly of diabatic heating over TP for 1979–2018 (bars, corresponding to the left ordinate) and time series of 3–7-years of Butterworth band-pass filtered intensity (the solid line corresponds to the right ordinate); the large circle marks on the solid line indicate high and low index years

    图  3  (a)高指数年和(b)低指数年对应的逐年PC1标准化序列以及8个位相划分示意图(水平实线表示零线,水平虚线表示±0.75个标准差)

    Figure  3.  Normalized PC1 series of (a) high index year and (b) low index year and 8-phase division diagrams (the horizontal solid line represents the zero line; the horizontal dashed line represents ±0.75 standard deviations)

    图  4  高指数年夏季10~30天降水合成(单位:mm d–1)(打点区域表示超过0.1显著性水平区域);红色矩形框表示长江以南关键区(23°~31°N,106°~120°E)

    Figure  4.  Composite of 10–30-day rainfall for high index years (units: mm d−1) (the dotted area exceeds the 0.1 significance level); the red rectangular box indicates the key area of the south of the Yangtze River (23°–31°N, 106°–120°E)

    图  5  图4,但为低指数年。上下两个红色矩形框分别表示江淮关键区(29°–34°N,112°–121°E)和华南关键区(23°–28°N,112°–121°E)

    Figure  5.  As in Fig.4, but for the low index year; the upper and lower red rectangular boxes represent the key areas of Jianghuai (29°–34°N, 112°–121°E) and South China (23°–28°N, 112°–121°E), respectively

    图  6  对RIhigh指数回归的整层水汽通量 [矢量,单位:kg (m s)−1;黑色表示超过0.05显著性水平] 和整层水汽通量散度 [阴影,单位:10−5 kg (m2 s)−1;仅绘制超过0.05显著性水平的区域]。其中字母‘A’和‘C’分别表示反气旋性、气旋性环流异常

    Figure  6.  Regression of vertically integrated water vapor flux [vector, units: kg (m s)−1; the black vector exceeds the 0.05 significance level] and the divergence of the water vapor flux [shaded, units: 10−5 kg (m2 s)−1; only areas exceeding the significance level of 0.05 are drawn] against RIhigh. Letters “A” and “C” indicate anticyclonic and cyclonic circulation anomaly, respectively

    图  7  图6,但为对RIlow指数的回归场

    Figure  7.  As in Fig.6, but for the regression against RIlow

    图  8  对RIhigh指数回归的非绝热加热异常(阴影,单位:W m−2;仅绘制显著性水平超过0.05的区域)、500 hPa流函数(等值线间隔为1.0×105 m2 s−1;虚线为负值并略去零线)和500 hPa水平风场(矢量,单位:m s−1;黑色表示通过显著性水平为0.05检验)。其中字母‘A’和‘C’分布表示反气旋性、气旋性环流异常

    Figure  8.  Regression of diabatic heating anomaly (shading, units: W·m−2; only areas exceeding the significance level of 0.05 are drawn), 500 hPa flow function (isoline interval = 1.0 × 105 m2 s−1, the dashed line corresponds to the negative value, and the zero line is omitted) and 500 hPa horizontal wind field (vector, units: m s−1; the black vector exceeds the 0.05 significance level) against RIhigh. Letters “A” and “C” indicate anticyclonic and cyclonic circulation anomaly, respectively

    图  9  图8,但为200 hPa环流回归场(等值线间隔2.0×105 m2 s−1;略去零线)

    Figure  9.  As in Fig.8, but for 200 hPa (isoline interval=2.0 × 105 m2 s−1; the zero line is omitted)

    图  10  图8,但为对RIlow指数回归场(等值线间隔为0.5×105 m2 s−1;略去零线)

    Figure  10.  As in Fig.8, but for the regression against RIlow (isoline interval = 0.5 × 105 m2 s−1; the zero line is omitted)

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  • 收稿日期:  2021-06-24
  • 录用日期:  2021-10-11
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