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孙建华, 周玉淑, 傅慎明, 等. 2024. 近十年我国涡旋系统的研究进展[J]. 大气科学, 48(1): 228−260. doi: 10.3878/j.issn.1006-9895.2311.23323
引用本文: 孙建华, 周玉淑, 傅慎明, 等. 2024. 近十年我国涡旋系统的研究进展[J]. 大气科学, 48(1): 228−260. doi: 10.3878/j.issn.1006-9895.2311.23323
SUN Jianhua, ZHOU Yushu, FU Shenming, et al. 2024. Progress on Vortices in China in the Past Ten Years [J]. Chinese Journal of Atmospheric Sciences (in Chinese), 48(1): 228−260. doi: 10.3878/j.issn.1006-9895.2311.23323
Citation: SUN Jianhua, ZHOU Yushu, FU Shenming, et al. 2024. Progress on Vortices in China in the Past Ten Years [J]. Chinese Journal of Atmospheric Sciences (in Chinese), 48(1): 228−260. doi: 10.3878/j.issn.1006-9895.2311.23323

近十年我国涡旋系统的研究进展

Progress on Vortices in China in the Past Ten Years

  • 摘要: 近年我国暴雨和强对流等中小尺度灾害性天气频发,涡旋是产生这些灾害天气的重要天气系统之一。为了不断提高对我国涡旋及其产生的暴雨和强对流天气发生发展机理的认识和预报准确率,本文对容易引发长江流域沿线灾害天气的三类涡旋(高原低涡、西南低涡和大别山涡)及对北方地区暴雨、强对流天气有重要影响的东北冷涡、中亚低涡的主要研究成果进行了梳理。主要回顾了近十年这些涡旋的识别方法、时空分布统计特征、三维结构以及产生的暴雨、强对流天气机理。最后,对与涡旋系统以及相关天气的研究与预报中的问题、未来发展方向进行了简要讨论和展望。

     

    Abstract: In recent years, disastrous weather, such as heavy rainfall and severe convection, has occurred frequently in China, and vortices are one of the important weather systems that produce disastrous weather. This paper aims to improve the understanding and prediction accuracy of the mechanism of vortices, as well as the disastrous weather they generate in China, such as heavy rainfall and severe convection. Herein, the important research results of the three types of vortices (i.e., Tibetan Plateau, Southwest, and Dabie vortices) along the Yangtze River basin and the Northeast cold and Central Asian vortices in northern China in the past 10 years are summarized. This paper mainly reviews the identification methods, the statistical characteristics of spatial and temporal distribution, the three-dimensional structure of these vortices, and the formation mechanism of disastrous weather, such as heavy rainfall and severe convection, associated with the vortices in the past ten years. Finally, a brief discussion and outlook are given on the future directions in research and forecasting related to vortex systems and the disastrous weather that they generate.

     

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