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Volume 2 Issue 4

Oct.  1985

Article Contents

LARGE SCALE ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS FOR THUNDERSTORM DEVELOPMENT


doi: 10.1007/BF02678749

  • The large-scale environmental conditions for thunderstorm development have been studied with 40 selected synoptic processes during 1972-1983. It is shown that the thunderstorms in eastern China can be divided into two types: pre-trough and post-trough. The convective instability before the pre-trough thunderstorms is established primarily by the dry and moist differential advection and that before the post-trough thunderstorms by the cold and warm differential advection. The subsynoptic scale circulation has direct effects on the establishment and release of instability. The pre-trough thunderstorms occur in the overlapping region of the ascending motion in the upper baroclinic waves and the ascending branch of the low-level jet strong wind core circulation and the post-trough thunderstorms occur in the lower convergent region below the ascending branch of the jet-front circulation. The effect of the lower dry and warm lids, the coupling of the low-and upper-level jets and the dry advection in the middle-level jet are the favorable factors for the severe storm formation.
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    [2] Hyo-Eun JI, Soon-Hwan LEE, Hwa-Woon LEE, 2013: Characteristics of Sea Breeze Front Development with Various Synoptic Conditions and Its Impact on Lower Troposphere Ozone Formation, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 30, 1461-1478.  doi: 10.1007/s00376-013-2256-3
    [3] Zhang Yan, 1995: On the Development of Meso-Scale Heavy Rain Parcels in China, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 12, 79-86.  doi: 10.1007/BF02661289
    [4] PU Shuzhen, ZHAO Jinping, YU Weidong, ZHAO Yongping, YANG Bo, 2004: Progress of Large-Scale Air-Sea Interaction Studies in China, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 21, 383-398.  doi: 10.1007/BF02915566
    [5] Y. L. McHall, 1993: Large Scale Perturbations in Extratropical Atmosphere-Part I: On Rossby Waves, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 10, 169-180.  doi: 10.1007/BF02919139
    [6] Y. L. McHall, 1993: Large Scale Perturbations in Extratropical Atmosphere-Part II: On Geostrophic Waves, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 10, 181-192.  doi: 10.1007/BF02919140
    [7] R. H. Kripalani, S. V. Singh, 1993: Large Scale Aspects of India-China Summer Monsoon Rainfall, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 10, 71-84.  doi: 10.1007/BF02656955
    [8] Gao Shouting, 1988: NONLINEAR ROSSBY WAVE INDUCED BY LARGE-SCALE TOPOGRAPHY, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 5, 301-310.  doi: 10.1007/BF02656754
    [9] Huw C. DAVIES, 2006: Large-Scale Weather Systems: A Future Research Priority, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 23, 832-841.  doi: 10.1007/s00376-006-0832-5
    [10] Xia Daqing, Zheng Liangjie, 1986: NUMERICAL SIMULATION OF THE GENERATION OF MESOSCALE CONVECTTVE SYSTEMS IN LARGE-SCALE ENVIRONMENT, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 3, 360-370.  doi: 10.1007/BF02678656
    [11] Guoqing Li, Robin Kung, Richard L. Pfeffer, 1992: A Fluid Experiment of Large-Scale Topography Effect on Baroclinic Wave Flows, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 9, 17-28.  doi: 10.1007/BF02656926
    [12] Eric P. CHASSIGNET, Xiaobiao XU, 2021: On the Importance of High-Resolution in Large-Scale Ocean Models, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 38, 1621-1634.  doi: 10.1007/s00376-021-0385-7
    [13] ZHANG Zhanhai, ZHOU Mingyu, Sharon ZHONG, Donald H. LENSCHOW, Qing WANG, 2009: Parameterizations of the Daytime Friction Velocity, Temperature Scale, and Upslope Flow over Gently Inclined Terrain in Calm Synoptic Conditions, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 26, 577-584.  doi: 10.1007/s00376-009-0577-z
    [14] GAO Yanhong, CHEN Yuchun, Lü Shihua, 2004: Numerical Simulation of the Critical Scale of Oasis Maintenance and Development in the Arid Regions of Northwest China, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 21, 113-124.  doi: 10.1007/BF02915685
    [15] Maeng-Ki KIM, Yeon-Hee KIM, 2010: Seasonal Prediction of Monthly Precipitation in China Using Large-Scale Climate Indices, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 27, 47-59.  doi: 10.1007/s00376-009-8014-x
    [16] Jong-Kil PARK, LU Riyu, LI Chaofan, Eun Byul KIM, 2012: Interannual Variation of Tropical Night Frequency in Beijing and Associated Large-Scale Circulation Background, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 29, 295-306.  doi: 10.1007/s00376-011-1141-1
    [17] Chen Lianshou, Luo Zhexian, 2002: The Impact of the Eastward Shifting of Dipole Systems over Large-Scale Terrain on Tropical Cyclone Tracks, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 19, 1069-1078.  doi: 10.1007/s00376-002-0065-1
    [18] Wang Huijun, Xue Feng, Zhou Guangqing, 2002: The Spring Monsoon in South China and Its Relationship to Large-Scale Circulation Features, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 19, 651-664.  doi: 10.1007/s00376-002-0005-0
    [19] YU Ye, Xiaoming CAI, QIE Xiushu, 2007: Influence of Topography and Large-scale Forcing on the Occurrence of Katabatic Flow Jumps in Antarctica: Idealized Simulations, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 24, 819-832.  doi: 10.1007/s00376-007-0819-x
    [20] SU Qin, LU Riyu, LI Chaofan, 2014: Large-scale Circulation Anomalies Associated with Interannual Variation in Monthly Rainfall over South China from May to August, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 31, 273-282.  doi: 10.1007/s00376-013-3051-x

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Manuscript History

Manuscript received: 10 October 1985
Manuscript revised: 10 October 1985
通讯作者: 陈斌, bchen63@163.com
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    沈阳化工大学材料科学与工程学院 沈阳 110142

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LARGE SCALE ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS FOR THUNDERSTORM DEVELOPMENT

  • 1. InstituteofMeteorology,ThePLAAirForce,Nanjing,InstituteofMeteorology,ThePLAAirForce,Nanjing

Abstract: The large-scale environmental conditions for thunderstorm development have been studied with 40 selected synoptic processes during 1972-1983. It is shown that the thunderstorms in eastern China can be divided into two types: pre-trough and post-trough. The convective instability before the pre-trough thunderstorms is established primarily by the dry and moist differential advection and that before the post-trough thunderstorms by the cold and warm differential advection. The subsynoptic scale circulation has direct effects on the establishment and release of instability. The pre-trough thunderstorms occur in the overlapping region of the ascending motion in the upper baroclinic waves and the ascending branch of the low-level jet strong wind core circulation and the post-trough thunderstorms occur in the lower convergent region below the ascending branch of the jet-front circulation. The effect of the lower dry and warm lids, the coupling of the low-and upper-level jets and the dry advection in the middle-level jet are the favorable factors for the severe storm formation.

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