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Ranking Regional Drought Events in China for 1960--2009


doi: 10.1007/s00376-009-9239-4

  • The spatiotemporal variations of the site and regional droughts in China during 1960--2009 were analyzed by applying a daily composite-drought index (CDI) to 722 stations in mainland China. Droughts frequently happened in a zone extended from Southwest China to the Yellow River, North China, and the southwestern part of Northeast China, with two centers of high frequency in North China and Southwest China. In Southwest and South China, droughts tend to happen during the winter. In North China and along the Yellow River, droughts mainly occur during the winter and during May--June. During the past 50 years, the geographical distribution of site drought events showed high frequencies (0.9--1.3 times per year) in the upper Yellow River basin and North China, comparing with moderate frequencies (0.6--0.9 times per year) in Southwest China and the southwestern part of Northeast China and with lower frequencies over the middle and lower Yangtze River basin. And the frequencies increased over mainland China except for the upper reaches of the Yangtze River. A regional drought (RD) event is a widespread and persistent event that covers at least five adjacent sites and lasts for at least 10 days. There were 252 RD events in the past 50 years---five times per year. Most RD events lasted for <100 days and covered <100 stations, but the longest and largest RD event lasted for 307 days from 6 September 1998 to 9 July 1999 and covered 327 stations from North to Southwest China.
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Manuscript History

Manuscript received: 10 March 2011
Manuscript revised: 10 March 2011
通讯作者: 陈斌, bchen63@163.com
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Ranking Regional Drought Events in China for 1960--2009

  • 1. Monsoon and Environment Research Group, School of Physics, Peking University, Beijing 100871,Monsoon and Environment Research Group, School of Physics, Peking University, Beijing 100871,Monsoon and Environment Research Group, School of Physics, Peking University, Beijing 100871

Abstract: The spatiotemporal variations of the site and regional droughts in China during 1960--2009 were analyzed by applying a daily composite-drought index (CDI) to 722 stations in mainland China. Droughts frequently happened in a zone extended from Southwest China to the Yellow River, North China, and the southwestern part of Northeast China, with two centers of high frequency in North China and Southwest China. In Southwest and South China, droughts tend to happen during the winter. In North China and along the Yellow River, droughts mainly occur during the winter and during May--June. During the past 50 years, the geographical distribution of site drought events showed high frequencies (0.9--1.3 times per year) in the upper Yellow River basin and North China, comparing with moderate frequencies (0.6--0.9 times per year) in Southwest China and the southwestern part of Northeast China and with lower frequencies over the middle and lower Yangtze River basin. And the frequencies increased over mainland China except for the upper reaches of the Yangtze River. A regional drought (RD) event is a widespread and persistent event that covers at least five adjacent sites and lasts for at least 10 days. There were 252 RD events in the past 50 years---five times per year. Most RD events lasted for <100 days and covered <100 stations, but the longest and largest RD event lasted for 307 days from 6 September 1998 to 9 July 1999 and covered 327 stations from North to Southwest China.

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