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Impact of Global SST on Decadal Shift of East Asian Summer Climate


doi: 10.1007/s00376-009-0192-z

  • East Asia experienced a significant interdecadal climate shift around the late 1970s, with more floods in the valley of the Yangtze River of central-eastern China and more severe drought in North China since then. Whether global SST variations have played a role in this shift is unclear. In the present study, this issue is investigated by ensemble experiments of an atmospheric general circulation model (AGCM), the GFDL AM2, since one validation reveals that the model simulates the observed East Asian Summer Monsoon (EASM) well. The results suggest that decadal global SST variations may have played a substantial role in this climate shift. Further examination of the associated atmospheric circulation shows that these results are physically reasonable.
  • [1] FU Jianjian, LI Shuanglin, 2013: The Influence of Regional SSTs on the Interdecadal Shift of the East Asian Summer Monsoon, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 30, 330-340.  doi: 10.1007/s00376-012-2062-3
    [2] SU Tonghua, XUE Feng*, ZHANG He, 2014: Simulating the Intraseasonal Variation of the East Asian Summer Monsoon by IAP AGCM4.0, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 31, 570-580.  doi: 10.1007/s00376-013-3029-8
    [3] Yujie WU, Wansuo DUAN, 2018: Impact of SST Anomaly Events over the Kuroshio-Oyashio Extension on the "Summer Prediction Barrier", ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 35, 397-409.  doi: 10.1007/s00376-017-6322-0
    [4] ZHAO Chongbo, ZHOU Tianjun, SONG Lianchun, REN Hongli, 2014: The Boreal Summer Intraseasonal Oscillation Simulated by Four Chinese AGCMs Participating in the CMIP5 Project, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 31, 1167-1180.  doi: 10.1007/s00376-014-3211-7
    [5] HAN Jinping, WANG Huijun, 2007: Interdecadal Variability of the East Asian Summer Monsoon in an AGCM, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 24, 808-818.  doi: 10.1007/s00376-007-0808-0
    [6] Lin Zhaohui, Zeng Qingcun, 1997: Simulation of East Asian Summer Monsoon by Using an Improved AGCM, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 14, 513-526.  doi: 10.1007/s00376-997-0069-y
    [7] LI Shuanglin, CHEN Xiaoting, 2014: Quantifying the Response Strength of the Southern Stratospheric Polar Vortex to Indian Ocean Warming in Austral Summer, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 31, 492-503.  doi: 10.1007/s00376-013-2322-x
    [8] FENG Jinming, WEI Ting, DONG Wenjie, WU Qizhong, and WANG Yongli, 2014: CMIP5/AMIP GCM Simulations of East Asian Summer Monsoon, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 31, 836-850.  doi: 10.1007/s00376-013-3131-y
    [9] ZENG Gang, SUN Zhaobo, Wei-Chyung WANG, MIN Jinzhong, 2007: Interdecadal Variability of the East Asian Summer Monsoon and Associated Atmospheric Circulations, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 24, 915-926.  doi: 10.1007/s00376-007-0915-y
    [10] Ben TIAN, Hong-Li REN, 2022: Diagnosing SST Error Growth during ENSO Developing Phase in the BCC_CSM1.1(m) Prediction System, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 39, 427-442.  doi: 10.1007/s00376-021-1189-5
    [11] FENG Juan*, CHEN Wen, 2014: Interference of the East Asian Winter Monsoon in the Impact of ENSO on the East Asian Summer Monsoon in Decaying Phases, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 31, 344-354.  doi: 10.1007/s00376-013-3118-8
    [12] MAN Wenmin, and ZHOU Tianjun, 2014: Regional-scale Surface Air Temperature and East Asian Summer Monsoon Changes during the Last Millennium Simulated by the FGOALS-gl Climate System Model, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 31, 765-778.  doi: 10.1007/s00376-013-3123-y
    [13] Xue Feng, 2001: Interannual to Interdecadal Variation of East Asian Summer Monsoon and its Association with the Global Atmospheric Circulation and Sea Surface Temperature, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 18, 567-575.  doi: 10.1007/s00376-001-0045-x
    [14] Juan AO, Jianqi SUN, 2016: The Impact of Boreal Autumn SST Anomalies over the South Pacific on Boreal Winter Precipitation over East Asia, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 33, 644-655.  doi: 10.1007/s00376-015-5067-x
    [15] Wang Huijun, 2002: The Mid-Holocene Climate Simulated by a Grid-Point AGCM Coupled with a Biome Model, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 19, 205-218.  doi: 10.1007/s00376-002-0017-9
    [16] Chen Wen, Hans-F. Graf, Huang Ronghui, 2000: The Interannual Variability of East Asian Winter Monsoon and Its Relation to the Summer Monsoon, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 17, 48-60.  doi: 10.1007/s00376-000-0042-5
    [17] Chen Qiying, Yu Yongqiang, Guo Yufu, 1997: Simulation of East Asian Summer Monsoon with IAP CGCM, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 14, 461-472.  doi: 10.1007/s00376-997-0064-3
    [18] YAN Hongming, YANG Hui, YUAN Yuan, LI Chongyin, 2011: Relationship Between East Asian Winter Monsoon and Summer Monsoon, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 28, 1345-1356.  doi: 10.1007/s00376-011-0014-y
    [19] CUI Xuedong, GAO Yongqi, SUN Jianqi, 2014: The Response of the East Asian Summer Monsoon to Strong Tropical Volcanic Eruptions, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 31, 1245-1255.  doi: 10.1007/s00376-014-3239-8
    [20] Yu Rucong, Zhang Minghua, Yu Yongqiang, Liu Yimin, 2001: Summer Monsoon Rainfalls over Mid-Eastern China Lagged Correlated with Global SSTs, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 18, 179-196.  doi: 10.1007/s00376-001-0012-6

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Manuscript History

Manuscript received: 10 March 2009
Manuscript revised: 10 March 2009
通讯作者: 陈斌, bchen63@163.com
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Impact of Global SST on Decadal Shift of East Asian Summer Climate

  • 1. College of Physical and Environmental Oceanography, Ocean University of China, Qingdao 266100; Nansen-Zhu International Research Centre ( NZC), Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100029;Nansen-Zhu International Research Centre ( NZC), Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100029;College of Physical and Environmental Oceanography, Ocean University of China, Qingdao 266100

Abstract: East Asia experienced a significant interdecadal climate shift around the late 1970s, with more floods in the valley of the Yangtze River of central-eastern China and more severe drought in North China since then. Whether global SST variations have played a role in this shift is unclear. In the present study, this issue is investigated by ensemble experiments of an atmospheric general circulation model (AGCM), the GFDL AM2, since one validation reveals that the model simulates the observed East Asian Summer Monsoon (EASM) well. The results suggest that decadal global SST variations may have played a substantial role in this climate shift. Further examination of the associated atmospheric circulation shows that these results are physically reasonable.

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